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Employment in For-Hire Transportation and Selected Transportation-Related Industries

(NAICS basis) (Thousands)

Dataset Excel: 

Details may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

State and local employment statistics for years 1965 and later are significantly different from the data reported in the previous edition of the report because current data include employment for air, water and transit modes in addition to highway.

Due to lack of data, employment for inland water transportation; pipeline transportation of crude oil; pipeline transportation of natural gas; other pipeline; scenic and sightseeing transportation for land, water and other; commercial air, rail, water transportation equipment rental and leasing; and regulation and administration of transportation programs are not reported. 


KEY: R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Annual averages.

b Excludes farm employment.

c Does not include Postal service.

d Includes tire manufacturing and tire retreading.

e Does not include motor vehicle wholesalers.

f Not all government agencies are included (e.g., the National Transportation Safety Board).

g The U.S. Department of Transportation was created in 1966. Data are on a fiscal year basis and include permanent civilians as well as temporary employees and military. The United States Coast Guard (USCG) and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) were transferred to the Department of Homeland Security in 2003.

h Full-time equivalent employment. Data prior to 1986 are not directly comparable to data from later years due to a change in the way full-time equivalent was calculated. Full-time equivalent was not calculated for 1985. State and local data for 1960 include highway employment only. For years 1965 and later, state and local government employment covers highway, air, water and transit modes.

i Due to a change in the reference period, from October to March, the October 1996 Annual Survey of Government Employment and Payroll was not conducted. 


All data, except as noted:

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics Data, National Employment Hours and Earnings, available at as of Jul. 1, 2020.

Government employment:


1970-75: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1976 (Washington, DC: 1976), table 409, and U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Coast Guard, G-WPM, Office of Military Personnel, personal communication.

1980-85: U.S. Department of Transportation, Office of the Secretary of Transportation, DOT Employment Facts, A Report to Management (Washington, DC: Annual issues). 

1990-99: Ibid., DOT Workforce Demographics (Washington, DC : Annual issues).

2000-19: Ibid., Workforce Statistics Archive, Workforce Data by Fiscal Year, Onboard Statistics, available at as of Jul. 1, 2020.

State and local:

1960-91: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1993 (Washington, DC: 1993), table 500 and similar tables in earlier editions. 

1992-2019: Ibid., Annual Survey of Public Employment & Payroll, State & Local Government: Employment and Payroll Data, available at as of Jul. 24, 2020.