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U.S. Gross Domestic Demand (GDD) Attributed to Transportation Functions

(Billions of chained 2012 dollars)

Dataset Excel: 

On July 27, 2018, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released the results of the comprehensive, or benchmark, revision of the national income and product accounts (NIPAs) which resulted in many changes relative to previously published results.

The Bureau Economic Analysis has changed the reference year for chained dollar estimates from 2002 onward as part of the comprehensive revision of the national income and product accounts in 2018. 

Chained (2012) dollar series are calculated as the product of the chain-type quantity index and the 2012 current-dollar value of the corresponding series, divided by 100. Because the formula for the chain-type quantity indexes uses weights of more than one period, the corresponding chained-dollar estimates are usually not additive. 

Chained 2009 dollars estimates for earlier years can be found in the 2017 edition of NTS, table 3-6.


KEY: R = revised. 

a Federal purchases and State and local purchases are the sum of consumption expenditures and gross investments.

bDefense-related purchases are the sum of the transportation of material and travel.


U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, National Income and Product Accounts Tables, tables 1.1.6, 2.4.6, 3.11.6, 3.15.6, 4.2.6, 5.4.6, 5.5.6, and 5.7.6B, available at as of Sep. 18, 2019.