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Table 1-50M: U.S. Tonne-Kilometers of Freight (BTS Special Tabulation) (Millions)

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 19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
TOTAL U.S. ton-miles of freight6,092,4476,033,1665,855,3526,004,0176,172,2036,163,2156,248,8136,511,4216,724,6646,683,1596,796,8016,827,0677,015,2517,093,6637,429,9687,721,2657,875,7167,949,3157,976,8618,004,4078,031,9548,059,5028,087,0478,145,5508,204,0528,262,5538,321,057(R) 8,379,5478,756,8867,983,1288,306,7628,612,616
Air6,6116,8016,5347,3808,0197,5279,27911,08011,92713,07313,23312,93514,33615,58517,23218,27918,77619,85720,20620,73421,87519,08119,52022,23724,01922,98722,42722,10520,10917,55918,30917,715
Truck1,849,2461,852,8421,899,2241,979,4842,076,0302,105,1422,159,1932,275,8132,351,9812,433,1842,492,7172,548,9832,614,4542,725,3162,901,3583,036,7993,118,7693,261,5053,319,3753,354,0993,396,6603,448,5463,544,3643,618,8903,543,6003,581,8173,512,416(R) 3,643,7774,018,8043,576,2143,668,0763,859,534
Railroad1,360,6941,349,0141,182,5771,227,8361,314,1081,279,2411,301,1771,389,8061,497,4691,526,5881,554,0051,521,1871,603,6031,657,0921,782,7321,922,7972,010,5202,030,9512,114,5542,195,3092,257,5822,334,9802,344,0322,341,1592,458,4402,530,6052,709,5582,656,6032,525,3632,309,8102,491,4502,519,377
Domestic water transportation1,345,8531,356,9171,294,2201,342,5411,296,0451,303,7131,275,1411,307,2811,299,4171,190,6801,216,9511,238,6391,250,7331,152,8771,189,7561,179,2601,116,4221,032,799982,262957,539942,848907,646893,620884,956906,891863,246819,962807,573759,906696,584733,215729,617
Coastwise921,460926,739923,735948,617867,111892,009848,082856,738819,913706,464699,522733,100733,360654,657668,083642,891595,794510,761459,693427,378414,445400,848384,977407,214408,583384,650331,640332,950303,495286,578280,822263,104
Lakewise90,14990,73452,00962,90772,68370,34763,06873,11184,91285,12888,95680,79381,44382,39885,06287,16685,16790,76190,01383,28484,50274,24578,33269,40681,36975,80877,53275,76273,34348,92366,20371,654
Internal331,914337,522316,853329,411354,562339,747362,244375,703392,785397,342426,886423,332434,543414,477434,724447,232433,307429,265430,540444,889441,726430,489428,370406,386414,772400,568408,468396,539380,994357,685384,326393,013
Intraport2,3301,9211,6231,6061,6891,6091,7481,7291,8071,7461,5871,4131,3871,3451,8861,9712,1532,0122,0161,9882,1752,0631,9401,9512,1672,2212,3232,3232,0743,3981,8641,846
Pipeline1,530,0431,467,5921,472,7961,446,7751,478,0011,467,5921,504,0221,527,4411,563,8701,519,6341,519,8951,505,3231,532,1241,542,7931,538,8901,564,1301,611,2291,604,2031,540,4651,476,7261,412,9881,349,2501,285,5121,278,3071,271,1031,263,8981,256,6941,249,489(R) 1,432,7041,382,9611,395,7131,486,371

KEY: R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

NOTES

Data in this table are improved estimates based on the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF). Technical Summary of Updated Methodology is available at https://www.bts.gov/sites/bts.dot.gov/files/legacy/FreightTonMilesMethod...

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

1.459972 tonne-kilometers = 1 ton mile.

SOURCE

Total:

1980-96: Summation of individual modes.

1997-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, Version 3, for 1997, 2002, 2007, 2008, and 2009, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction0.aspx.

Air:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Statistics - Green Book, (Washington, DC, December issues), p. 3, line 3.

Rail:

Estimates come from the Association of American Railroads using ton mile values from the Surface Transportation Board’s Waybill Sample.  The Waybill Sample represents all major U.S. railroads, including all Class I railroads and several short-line railroads.

Truck:

1980-96: 1997 Truck value, adjusted using U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), Table VM-1, Vehicle Miles Traveled, Total Rural and Urban, for Single-Unit 2 Axle 6-Tire or more and Combination Trucks.

1997-2011: Difference between total of all modes, and sum of other modes.

Pipeline:

1980-96: 1997 Pipeline value, adjusted using Association of Petroleum Pipelines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/?fa=reports as of Oct. 22, 2013.

1997-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, Version 3, for 1997, 2002, 2007, 2008, and 2009, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction0.aspx.

Updated: Thursday, November 30, 2017