Legacy Publication

You are here

Table 1-50M: U.S. Tonne-Kilometers of Freight (BTS Special Tabulation) (Millions)

Excel | CSV

  1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
TOTAL U.S. ton-miles of freight 6,092,447 6,033,166 5,855,352 6,004,017 6,172,203 6,163,215 6,248,813 6,511,421 6,724,664 6,683,159 6,796,801 6,827,067 7,015,251 7,093,663 7,429,968 7,721,265 7,875,716 7,949,315 7,976,861 8,004,407 8,031,954 8,059,502 8,087,047 8,145,550 8,204,052 8,262,553 8,321,057 (R) 8,379,547 8,756,886 7,983,128 8,306,762 8,612,616
Air 6,611 6,801 6,534 7,380 8,019 7,527 9,279 11,080 11,927 13,073 13,233 12,935 14,336 15,585 17,232 18,279 18,776 19,857 20,206 20,734 21,875 19,081 19,520 22,237 24,019 22,987 22,427 22,105 20,109 17,559 18,309 17,715
Truck 1,849,246 1,852,842 1,899,224 1,979,484 2,076,030 2,105,142 2,159,193 2,275,813 2,351,981 2,433,184 2,492,717 2,548,983 2,614,454 2,725,316 2,901,358 3,036,799 3,118,769 3,261,505 3,319,375 3,354,099 3,396,660 3,448,546 3,544,364 3,618,890 3,543,600 3,581,817 3,512,416 (R) 3,643,777 4,018,804 3,576,214 3,668,076 3,859,534
Railroad 1,360,694 1,349,014 1,182,577 1,227,836 1,314,108 1,279,241 1,301,177 1,389,806 1,497,469 1,526,588 1,554,005 1,521,187 1,603,603 1,657,092 1,782,732 1,922,797 2,010,520 2,030,951 2,114,554 2,195,309 2,257,582 2,334,980 2,344,032 2,341,159 2,458,440 2,530,605 2,709,558 2,656,603 2,525,363 2,309,810 2,491,450 2,519,377
Domestic water transportation 1,345,853 1,356,917 1,294,220 1,342,541 1,296,045 1,303,713 1,275,141 1,307,281 1,299,417 1,190,680 1,216,951 1,238,639 1,250,733 1,152,877 1,189,756 1,179,260 1,116,422 1,032,799 982,262 957,539 942,848 907,646 893,620 884,956 906,891 863,246 819,962 807,573 759,906 696,584 733,215 729,617
Coastwise 921,460 926,739 923,735 948,617 867,111 892,009 848,082 856,738 819,913 706,464 699,522 733,100 733,360 654,657 668,083 642,891 595,794 510,761 459,693 427,378 414,445 400,848 384,977 407,214 408,583 384,650 331,640 332,950 303,495 286,578 280,822 263,104
Lakewise 90,149 90,734 52,009 62,907 72,683 70,347 63,068 73,111 84,912 85,128 88,956 80,793 81,443 82,398 85,062 87,166 85,167 90,761 90,013 83,284 84,502 74,245 78,332 69,406 81,369 75,808 77,532 75,762 73,343 48,923 66,203 71,654
Internal 331,914 337,522 316,853 329,411 354,562 339,747 362,244 375,703 392,785 397,342 426,886 423,332 434,543 414,477 434,724 447,232 433,307 429,265 430,540 444,889 441,726 430,489 428,370 406,386 414,772 400,568 408,468 396,539 380,994 357,685 384,326 393,013
Intraport 2,330 1,921 1,623 1,606 1,689 1,609 1,748 1,729 1,807 1,746 1,587 1,413 1,387 1,345 1,886 1,971 2,153 2,012 2,016 1,988 2,175 2,063 1,940 1,951 2,167 2,221 2,323 2,323 2,074 3,398 1,864 1,846
Pipeline 1,530,043 1,467,592 1,472,796 1,446,775 1,478,001 1,467,592 1,504,022 1,527,441 1,563,870 1,519,634 1,519,895 1,505,323 1,532,124 1,542,793 1,538,890 1,564,130 1,611,229 1,604,203 1,540,465 1,476,726 1,412,988 1,349,250 1,285,512 1,278,307 1,271,103 1,263,898 1,256,694 1,249,489 (R) 1,432,704 1,382,961 1,395,713 1,486,371

KEY: R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

NOTES

Data in this table are improved estimates based on the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF). Technical Summary of Updated Methodology is available at https://www.bts.gov/sites/bts.dot.gov/files/legacy/FreightTonMilesMethod...

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

1.459972 tonne-kilometers = 1 ton mile.

SOURCE

Total:

1980-96: Summation of individual modes.

1997-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, Version 3, for 1997, 2002, 2007, 2008, and 2009, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction0.aspx.

Air:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Statistics - Green Book, (Washington, DC, December issues), p. 3, line 3.

Rail:

Estimates come from the Association of American Railroads using ton mile values from the Surface Transportation Board’s Waybill Sample.  The Waybill Sample represents all major U.S. railroads, including all Class I railroads and several short-line railroads.

Truck:

1980-96: 1997 Truck value, adjusted using U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), Table VM-1, Vehicle Miles Traveled, Total Rural and Urban, for Single-Unit 2 Axle 6-Tire or more and Combination Trucks.

1997-2011: Difference between total of all modes, and sum of other modes.

Pipeline:

1980-96: 1997 Pipeline value, adjusted using Association of Petroleum Pipelines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/?fa=reports as of Oct. 22, 2013.

1997-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, Version 3, for 1997, 2002, 2007, 2008, and 2009, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction0.aspx.

Updated: Thursday, November 30, 2017