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Table 2-1: Transportation Fatalities by Mode

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 196019651970197519801985199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016
TOTAL fatalitiesUUUUUU47,29744,39141,94742,73643,51444,50744,73244,41243,86343,97544,27644,87345,29245,12145,02845,64145,06143,34739,54235,97835,03634,57035,69634,685(R)34,638(R)36,973U
Air, total1,2861,2901,4561,4731,3821,5958661,0399888111,0579631,0937246706837641,166616699637603774540568548477499450430444404U
U.S. air carrier a499261146124152639623312391683808112925310221422501352200900U
Commuter carrier bNNN2837376992124259144601251302002000000501U
On-demand air taxi cNNN69105765178684263526339453871603542641816436917174112252027U
General aviation d7871,0291,3101,2521,239956770800866744730734636631624621596562581633559563706496496479458458438391424376U
Highway, total36,39947,08952,62744,52551,09143,82544,59941,50839,25040,15040,71641,81742,06342,01341,50141,71741,94542,19643,00542,88442,83643,51042,70841,25937,42333,88332,99932,47933,78232,89432,74435,092U
Passenger car occupantsNNN25,92927,44923,21224,09222,38521,38721,56621,99722,42322,50522,19921,19420,86220,69920,32020,56919,72519,19218,51217,92516,61414,64613,13512,49112,01412,36112,03711,94712,628U
Motorcyclists7901,6502,2803,1895,1444,5643,2442,8062,3952,4492,3202,2272,1612,1162,2942,4832,8973,1973,2703,7144,0284,5764,8375,1745,3124,4694,5184,6304,9864,6924,5944,976U
Truck occupants e, lightNNN4,8567,4866,6898,6018,3918,0988,5118,9049,5689,93210,24910,70511,26511,52611,72312,27412,54612,67413,03712,76112,45810,81610,3129,7829,3029,4189,1879,1039,813U
Truck occupants e, largeNNN9611,262977705661585605670648621723742759754708689726766804805805682499530640697695656667U
Bus occupantsNNN5346573231281818332118385922344541425827366726445539544449U
Pedestrians7,2107,9908,9507,5168,0706,8086,4825,8015,5495,6495,4895,5845,4495,3215,2284,9394,7634,9014,8514,7744,6754,8924,7954,6994,4144,1094,3024,4574,8184,7794,9105,376U
Pedalcyclists4906907601,003965890859843723816802833765814760754693732665629727786772701718628623682734749729818U
Other incident f27,90936,75940,6371,018669628584590485536516501609573540596591581642729732845786772768705709699729701761765U
Railroad, total gNNNN1,4171,0361,2971,1941,1701,2791,2261,1461,0391,0631,008932937971951865891884903851804695735682674700(R) 765(R) 749813
Train accidentsNNNN29810196671214251749106154133369274869115(R) 118
Highway-rail grade crossingNNNN833582698608579626615579488461431402425421357334371359369339290248261246231232262(R) 233265
TresspassersNNNN457391543524533523529494471533536479463511540498472458511470457416441400410425(R) 467(R) 453511
Other incident hNNNN9855464352637059555237423933392935341733302725302432315229
Transit, total iNNNNNN339300273281320274264275286299295267182202177149162188172226221228264266236254U
Passenger/OccupantNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN4751334820263048493667605830U
Employee/WorkerNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN5887998116351044U
Other incidentNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN13014313694133153134167166189192196174220U
Water, total jNN1,4181,4661,3601,116865924816800784829709821815734701681890844815829883842854865821904765650674692U
Passenger vessel k000000110000000001504852555291796562879684261414U
Freight vessel lUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU4839373337423430221814191840U
Industrial/Other mUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU4450474745364637403216453212U
Recreational boating n7391,3601,4181,4661,3601,116865924816800784829709821815734701681750703676697710685709736672758651560610626U
Pipeline, totalNN3015193391415172221531021223871212231619168131912108191016
Hazardous liquid pipelineNN4745305013502410105204241131013
Gas pipelineNN268152861410172118481019183771112181419126918117719913
Other counts, redundant with above                                 
Railroad, killed at public crossing with motor vehicleNNN786708480568497466517501455377378325309306315271249256258267227199161136138135141143(R) 125129
Rail, passengerNNN405279202178175292196211176227196188220242226182201202180216229214215189199195216(R) 247277
Train accidentsUUUUUU09055321440121712140225140053(R) 104
Highway-rail grade crossingoUUUUUU745470775781537270707295697272707487708274586275607896
TrespassersUUUUUU117UUUUUUUUU135138141103117109100116127125131123126108144(R) 151173
Rail, otherUUUUUU11UUUUUUUUU118961096117668117984
Rail, freightNNN1,5201,3659571,0951,0169959871,030935863837812745717729725683690682723635575481520493476505(R) 552(R) 502536
Train accidentsUUUU28U10UUUUUUUUU8583111967234696214
Highway-rail grade crossingpUUUU821U624UUUUUUUUU353326288262299289295252220166187188170157203(R) 155169
TrespassersUUUU426U426UUUUUUUUU328373399395355349411354330291310277284317(R) 325302338
Rail, otherUUUU90U35UUUUUUUUU2825302325251122232119221325224425
Transit, non-railNNNNNN1109199851108811211611310398100931369592121122889110096114122101103U
Transit, railNNNNNN22920917419621018615215917319619716789668154416584134120132150144135151U
Water, Vessel-relatedqNN17824320613185309710577535548695853532944654645313134372725161440U
Water, Not related to vessel casualtiesrNN42033028113010156119121131134142120149136134946476696770658272584360745026U

KEY: N = data does not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a All services operating under 14 CFR 121 (Scheduled air carriers). Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 121 include aircraft with 10 or more seats that formerly operated under 14 CFR 135. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent data. In 2001, other than the persons aboard the aircraft who were killed, fatalities resulting from the September 11 terrorist acts are excluded. U.S. air carrier figure does not include 12 persons killed aboard a commuter aircraft when it and a US Air airliner collided.

b All scheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (Commuter air carriers). Before Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 applied to aircraft with 30 or fewer seats. Since Mar. 20, 1997, 14 CFR 135 includes only aircraft with fewer than 10 seats. This change makes it difficult to compare pre-1997 data for 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135 with more recent data. Commuter air carrier figure does not include 22 persons killed aboard a US Air airliner when it and a commuter aircraft collided.

c Nonscheduled service operating under 14 CFR 135 (On-demand air taxis).

d All operations other than those operating under 14 CFR 121 and 14 CFR 135.

eLight trucks are defined as trucks of 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating or less, including pickups, vans, truck-based station wagons, and utility vehicles. Large trucks are defined as trucks over 10,000 pounds gross vehicle weight rating, including single-unit trucks and truck tractors.

f Includes occupants of other vehicle types, other nonmotorists, and unknown. For 1960-70, the U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration did not break out fatality data to the same level of detail as in later years, so fatalities for those years also include occupants of passenger cars, trucks, and buses.

g Railroad fatality data for 1975 and before is not comparable with later years due to a change in the reporting system.

h Other incidents are events other than Train Accidents or Crossing Incidents that cause physical harm to persons.

i Includes transit employee, contract worker, passenger, revenue facility occupant, and other fatalities for all modes reported in the National Transit Database.

j Passenger, freight, and industrial/other include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

k Passenger includes passenger ships, research ships, and schools ships and include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

l Freight includes barges, bulk carriers, general dry cargo ships, refrigerated cargo ships, roll-on/roll-off ships, tank ships, and towing ships and include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

m Industrial/other includes fishing vessels, miscellaneous vessels, and offshore include only closed cases where vessels were involved in a marine casualty as of April 6, 2015. Open cases by fiscal year not included above: CY 2002 = 0, CY 2003 = 5, CY 2004 = 5, CY 2005 = 8, CY 2006 = 4, CY 2007 = 7, CY 2008 = 19, CY 2009 = 38, CY 2010 = 36, CY 2011 = 120, CY 2012 = 644, CY 2013 = 727, and CY 2014 = 742.

n Recreational includes airboats, canoes, kayaks, motorboats, pontoon, rowboats, and sailboats. Data are based on information provided by the States, the District of Columbia and the five U.S. Territories to the Coast Guard Boating Accident Report Database (BARD) system, which is subject to some under- or delayed reporting.

o Includes passenger train collisions with vehicles and people at all public and private highway-rail grade crossings.

p Highway-rail grade crossing fatalities include freight train collisions with vehicles and people at all public and private highway-rail grade crossings.

q Vessel-related casualties include those involving damage to vessels such as collisions or groundings. Fatalities not related to vessel casualties include deaths from falling overboard or from accidents involving onboard equipment.

r1992-97 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System. Between 1998 and 2001, the U.S. Coast Guard phased in a new computer system to track safety data, the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. During that period, data come from combining entries in the Marine Safety Management Information System with entries in the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement System. Data for prior years come from other sources and may not be directly comparable.

NOTES

To reduce double counting, the following adjustments are made to Total Fatalities: For Railroad, fatalities involving motor vehicles at public highway-rail grade crossings are excluded because such fatalities are assumed to be included in Highway fatalities. For Transit, non-rail modes, including aerial tramway, motor bus, bus rapid transit, commuter bus, demand response, demand taxi, ferryboat, jitney, publico, trolleybus, and vanpool fatalities are excluded because they are counted as Water and Highway fatalities. Other counts, redundant with above help eliminate double counting in the Total Fatalities.

Highway fatalities data prior to 1975 have been adjusted to reflect the Fatality Analysis Reporting System's definition of a fatal crash as one that involves a motor vehicle on a traffic way that results in the death of a vehicle occupant or a nonmotorist within 30 days of the crash.

Water injury data for 2001 and before is not comparable with later year due to a change in the reporting system.

Current version of this table is not comparable with the versions before 2014 because of the categories changing for some modes.

Pipeline incudes serious incidents only.

SOURCES

Air:

U.S. Air Carrier:

1960: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1967 (Washington, DC: December 1968).

1965-70: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1975, NTSB/ARC-77/1 (Washington, DC: January 1977).

1975: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1983, NTSB/ARC-87/01 (Washington, DC: February 1987), table 18.

1980: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), tables 2 and 16.

1985-2015: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 5, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/data/pages/aviation_stats.aspx as of Oct. 2016.

Commuter:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1980, NTSB/ARC-83/01 (Washington, DC: January 1983), tables 26 and 40.

1985-2015: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 8, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/data/pages/aviation_stats.aspx as of Oct. 2016.

On-demand air taxi:

1975-80: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. Air Carrier Operations, Calendar Year 1981, NTSB/ARC-85/01 (Washington, DC: February 1985), table 61.

1985-2015: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 9, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/data/pages/aviation_stats.aspx as of Oct. 2016.

General aviation:

1960-70: National Transportation Safety Board, Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: U.S. General Aviation, Calendar Year 1970, NTSB/ARG-74/1 (Washington, DC: April 1974), table 117.

1975-80: Ibid., Annual Review of Aircraft Accident Data: General Aviation, Calendar Year 1985, NTSB/ARG-87/03 (Washington, DC: October 1987), table 21.

1985-2015: Ibid., Aviation Accident Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 10, available at http://www.ntsb.gov/investigations/data/pages/aviation_stats.aspx as of Oct. 2016.

Highway:

1960-65: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration from data supplied by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics, and individual state accident reports (adjusted to 30-day deaths).

1970-2014: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts (Annual Editions), Table 4, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/cats/index.aspx as of May 2016.

2015: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2015 Motor Vehicle Crashes: Overview, Table 3 as of Aug. 2016.

Rail:

Highway-rail grade crossing:

1975-13: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 5.11, Hwy/Rail Incidents Summary Tables, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of July 2015.

2014-2016: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 5.14, Hwy Rail Accident Incident Summary By Railroad, available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of Mar. 2017.

Railroad:

1960-65: National Safety Council, Accident Facts, 1974 (Washington, DC: 1974).

1970: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Highway-Rail Crossing Accident/Incident and Inventory Bulletin (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 7.

1975-2016: Ibid., U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, table 1.12, 1.13, 2.07, and 5.14 , available at http://safetydata.fra.dot.gov/OfficeofSafety/ as of March 2017.

Transit:

1990-01: U.S. Department of Transportation, Volpe Center, Transit Safety and Security Statistics, available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/data/samis.aspx as of Mar. 2015.

2002-2015: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, personal communication, Jun. 20, 2016.

Water:

Passenger, Freight, Industrial/Other:

2002-2015: U.S Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, Compliance Analysis Division, personal communication, Nov. 20, 2012 and Nov. 12, 2013, Aug. 31, 2015 and May 2016

Recreational:

1960-02: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Boating Safety, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 31, available at http://www.uscgboating.org as of Jun. 2014.

2003-2015: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, U.S. Coast Guard, Recreational Boating Statistics (annual issues), available at www.uscgboating.org as of May 2016.

Pipeline:

Hazardous liquid and gas pipeline:

1970-85: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://ops.dot.gov as of Nov. 18, 2003.

1990-2016: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, Accident and Incident Summary Statistics by Year, available at http://phmsa.dot.gov/pipeline as of Mar. 2017.

Updated: Tuesday, May 23, 2017