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Table 4-36: Federal Exhaust Emissions Certification Standards for Newly Manufactured Gasoline- and Diesel-Powered Light Heavy-Duty Trucks

Table 4-36: Federal Exhaust Emissions Certification Standards for Newly Manufactured Gasoline- and Diesel-Powered Light Heavy-Duty Trucks

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(Grams per brake horsepower-hour)

Engine type and pollutant 1970-73 1974-78 1979-83 1984 1985-86 1987 1988-89 1990 1991-93 1994-97 1998-2003 2004 2005-06 2007 2008+
Gasoline                              
HC + NOx j 16 10 10 j j j j j j j j j j j
NOx + NMHC j j j j j j j j j j j j 1.0 1.0 j
NMHC j j j j j j j j j j j j j j 0.14
HC k j 1.5 1.5 1.9 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 j j j
NOx j j j j 10.6 10.6 10.6 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.0 4.0 j j 0.20
CO k 40 25 25 37.1 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4 14.4
Particulates j j j j j j j j j j j j j j 0.01
Diesel                              
HC + NOx j 16 10 j j j j j j j j j j j j
HC k j 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 j j j j
NOx j j j 10.7 10.7 10.7 10.7 6.0 5.0 5.0 4.0 j j 0.20 0.20
NOx + NMHC j j j j j j j j j j j 2.4l 2.4l j j
NMHC j j j j j j j j j j j j j 0.14 0.14
CO k 40 25 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5 15.5
Particulates j j j j j j 0.60 0.60 0.25 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.01 0.01
Smoke opacity (acceleration / lugging / peak)a 40/20/j 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50 20/15/50
Weight criteria for light heavy-duty trucksb GVWR over 6,000 lbs GVWR over 6,000 lbs GVWR over 8,500 lbs GVWR over 8,500 lbs GVWR over 8,500 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs GVWR 8,501 through 14,000 lbs
Test procedure, gasolinec 9-mode steady-state 9-mode steady-state 9-mode steady-state 9-mode steady-state MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient MVMA transient
Test procedure, dieselc 13-mode steady-state 13-mode steady-state 13-mode steady-state EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient EPA transient
Useful life (gasoline)d 5 years/50,000 miles 5 years/50,000 miles 5 years/50,000 miles 5 years/50,000 miles 8 years/110,000 miles 8 years/110,000 miles 8 years/110,000 miles 8 years/110,000 miles 8 years/110,000 miles 8 years/110,000 miles 8 years/110,000 miles 10 years/110,000 miles 10 years/110,000 miles 10 years/110,000 miles 10 years/110,000 miles

Complete Vehicles - (Grams per mile)e,f

Weight range and pollutant 2005-06 2007 2008+
GVWR 8,500 through 10,000 lbs      
NMOGg 0.28 0.28 e
NMHCh e e 0.195
CO 7.3 7.3 7.3
NOx 0.9 0.9 0.2
Particulates e e 0.02
HCHO e e 0.032
GVWR 10,001 lbs through 14,000 lbs      
NMOGi 0.33 0.33 e
NMHCj e e 0.230
CO 8.1 8.1 8.1
NOx 1.0 1.0 0.4
Particulates e e 0.02
HCHO e e 0.040
Test procedurei EPA HD-UDDS EPA HD-UDDS EPA HD-UDDS

KEY: CO = carbon monoxide; HC = hydrocarbon; NOx=
nitrogen oxides; NMHC = nonmethane hydrocarbons; NMOG = nonmethane organic gas;
HCHO = formaldeyhyde.

a Smoke opacity is expressed in percentage for acceleration, lugging,
and peak modes (acceleration/lugging/peak). Lugging is when a vehicle is carrying
a load.

b Gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) is the maximum design loaded
weight.

c Several testing procedures have been used during the course of
exhaust emissions control. A steady-state 9-mode test procedure (13-mode for
diesel) was used for 1970-83 standards. For 1984, either the steady-state tests
or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) transient test procedure could
be used. For diesels, the EPA transient test was required from 1985 to the present.
For gasoline-powered vehicles, either the EPA or the Motor Vehicle Manufacturers
Association (MVMA) transient test procedure could be used during 1985-86, and
the MVMA procedure was required thereafter.

d Emissions standards apply to the useful life of the vehicle. Useful
life was 5 years/50,000 miles through 1983 and became 8 years/110,000 miles
beginning in model year 1985. 1984 was a transitional year in which vehicles
could meet the older standard (and test procedure) or the newer one. Useful
life requirement for gasoline-powered trucks meeting NOx standards for 1998
and after is 10 years/110,000 miles. Starting in 2004, the useful life will
be 10 years/110,000 miles. The useful life requirements for heavy-duty diesel
truck standards are more complex and vary by vehicle weight, pollutant, test
procedure, and year. Consult the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations for further
information.

e No standard set.

f Although emissions standards for HC and CO were in effect for
these years, they were not measured in grams per brake horsepower-hour and are,
therefore, incompatible with the engine certification section of this table.

g Vehicles can meet a NMHC + NOx standard of 2.5 g/bhp-h,
given they meet a NMHC standard of no more than 0.5 g/bhp-h.

h Starting in 2005, complete gasoline heavy-duty vehicles of 14,000
lbs GVWR or below will have to be chassis certified.

i The manufacturer has the option of satisfying this standard by
measurement of nonmethane hydrocarbons or total hydrocarbons.

j The manufacturer has the option of satisfying this standard by
measurement of nonmethane organic gas or total hydrocarbons.

k This test procedure currently exists to test complete vehicles
that have been optionally chassis certified. However, chassis certification
is not required until 2005.

l Required for complete gasoline heavy-duty vehicles only.

NOTE

Tables 4-32a and 4-32b are identical for heavy-duty diesel engines.

SOURCES

40 CFR 86, Electronic Code of Federal Regulations, Internet site at http://www.access.gpo.gov/nara/cfr/cfrhtml 00/Title 40/40cfr86 00.html
as of Oct. 9, 2001.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Transportation and Air Quality,
personal communication, October 2001.

Updated: Sunday, May 21, 2017