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Oil Pipeline Profile

Oil Pipeline Profile

FINANCIAL

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  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Operating revenues, total ($ millions) U U U (R) 7,149 7,281 (R) 7,711 (R) 7,321 (R) 7,215 (R) 6,890 (R) 7,220 (R) 7,483 (R) 7,730 (R) 7,812 (R) 7,704 (R) 8,020 7,917 8,517 8,996 9,244 9,987

INVENTORY

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Number
of FERC-regulated companies
87 101 130 150 158 161 160 U U 184 U U U 195 195 197 U U 195 U
Number of employees, pipeline companiesa 23,100 17,600 21,300 18,500 17,100 15,100 14,500 14,200 13,800 13,060 13,230 13,680 12,360 12,500 12,840 13,040 12,770 13,080 14,220 15,270
Miles of pipeline (statute miles)b, all lines U U U 168,364 158,512 177,224 169,435 160,176 157,234 154,361 152,005 154,877 149,614 139,901 142,200 131,348 140,861 147,235 146,822 148,622
Crude lines U U U 87,853 82,170 93,943 89,014 85,953 74,603 69,323 68,073 69,663 69,063 64,336 65,942 46,234 47,617 46,658 50,214 49,585
Product
lines
U U U 80,511 76,342 83,281 80,421 74,223 82,631 85,038 83,932 85,214 80,551 75,565 76,258 71,310 81,103 85,666 84,914 87,788

PERFORMANCE

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Intercity
ton-miles, total (millions)
U U U 584,100 591,400 601,100 619,200 616,500 619,800 617,700 577,300 576,100 586,200 590,200 599,600 607,500 581,300 557,700 629,900 U
Crude oil U U U 334,800 322,600 335,900 338,300 337,400 334,100 321,100 283,400 277,000 286,600 284,500 283,700 293,500 300,500 266,600 330,700 U
Petroleum
products
U U U 249,300 268,800 265,200 280,900 279,100 285,700 296,600 293,900 299,100 299,600 305,700 315,900 314,000 (R) 280,900 291,100 299,200 U
Tons
transported (millions)
U U U 1,598.9 U 1,798.5 U U U U 2,003.7 1,864.4 1,862.1 1,846.8 1,860.9 U U U U U

SAFETY

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Fatalities N 4 4 3 1 3 5 0 2 4 1 0 1 0 5 2 0 4 2 4
Injured
personsc
N 21 15 7 7 11 13 5 6 20 4 10 0 5 16 2 2 10 2 4
Incidentsd N 351 246 180 245 188 194 171 153 167 146 130 (R) 460 (R) 435 (R) 377 (R) 369 (R) 354 (R) 331 (R) 376 338

KEY: FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; N = data do not
exist; R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

a Includes companies whose pipelines carry crude petroleum,
petroleum products, and nonpetroleum pipeline liquids.

b Mileages of oil pipeline for years 1960-2000
include regulated and unregulated trunk and gathering crude lines, as well as
refined oil trunk lines. Beginning in 2001, data include information for
FERC-regulated oil pipeline companies only. For years 2005 and after, total
miles of pipeline include both trunk and gathering lines, whereas the
individual components, namely, crude and product lines, include the mileages
of trunk lines only. Thus, details do not add to the total for this period.

cInjured
persons
does not include the
1,851 injuries that required medical treatment, caused by severe flooding
near Houston, Texas, reported for October, 1994.

d The reporting criteria changed in 2002
adding small spills down to 5 gallons. The change was instituted on Feb. 7,
2002. For continuity with past trending, the data from post-2/7/2002
accidents used in the statistical summary includes only accidents meeting the
reporting criteria: Accidents with gross loss greater than or equal to 50
barrels; those involving any fatality or injury; fire/explosion not
intentionally set; Highly Volatile Liquid releases with gross loss of 5 or
more barrels; or those involving total costs greater than or equal to
$50,000.

NOTES

The Interstate Commerce Committee regulated
oil pipelines in the 1960s and 1970s.

Data for Operating revenue are only for
FERC-regulated oil pipeline.

SOURCES

Financial:

Operating revenues, total:

PennWell Corporation, Oil and Gas Journal: Transportation
Special Report
(Houston, TX:
September 2000 and November 2010 Issues), pp. 74 and 106.

Inventory:

Number of FERC-regulated companies:

1960-96: Federal Energy Regulatory
Commission, personal communication.

1999: Ibid., available at
www.ferc.fed.us/oil/oil_list.htm as of June 21, 2001.

2003: Ibid., available at
www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Aug. 26, 2004.

2004: Ibid., available at
www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Mar. 16, 2005.

2005: Ibid., available at
www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Oct. 27, 2006.

2008: Ibid., available at
www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Mar. 09, 2010.

Number of employees, pipeline companies:

1960-80: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of
Labor Statistics, Employment,
Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-94
(Washington, DC:
September 1994), SIC 46.

1990-94: Ibid., Hours and Earnings, United States,
1988-1996
(Washington, DC:
July 1996), SIC 46.

1995-98: Ibid., SIC 46, available at
www.bls.gov as of Apr. 19, 1999.

1999-2001: Ibid., SIC 46, available at
http://www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm, as of Feb. 22, 2010.

2002-09: Ibid, Occupational Employment
Statistics, NAICS 486100 and 486900, available at
http://www.bls.gov/oes/oes_doc.htm, as of Aug. 11, 2011.

Miles of pipeline (statute miles), all
lines:

1990-2004: Eno Transportation Foundation,
Inc., Transportation In
America 2007
(Washington,
DC: 2007), p. 42.

2005-09: PennWell Corporation, Oil and Gas Journal: Transportation
Special Report
(Houston,
TX), p. 76 and similar table in earlier editions.

Performance:

Intercity ton-miles:

Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: January 2011), tables 1, 2
and 3, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/ as of Aug. 12, 2011.

Tons transported:

1990-2004: Eno Transportation Foundation,
Inc., Transportation In
America 2007
(Washington,
DC: 2007), p. 60.

Safety:

1970 and 1980: U.S. Department of
Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of
Pipeline Safety, personal communication.

1990-2009: U.S. Department of Transportation,
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Pipeline
Safety, Hazardous Liquid
Pipeline Operators Accident Summary Statistics
(Annual Issues), available at http://ops.dot.gov/stats/lq_sum.htm as of Aug. 12,
2011.

Updated: Sunday, May 21, 2017