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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Table 1a. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

Monday, July 2, 2012

Table 1a. Shipment Characteristics by Mode of Transportation for State of Origin: 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive]

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Mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles1 Average miles
per shipment
(million $)
Percent of total 2002
Percent of total 2002
Percent of
All modes 14,907 100.0 48,841 100.0 10,453 100.0 313
Single modes 13,176 88.4 47,963 98.2 10,303 98.6 195
Truck2 11,118 74.6 20,272 41.5 3,917 37.5 120
For-hire Truck 4,874 32.7 6,041 12.4 2,439 23.3 429
Private Truck 6,235 41.8 14,228 29.1 1,476 14.1 55
Rail 898 6.0 22,084 45.2 5,897 56.4 840
Water S S S S S S 21
Shallow draft
Great Lakes
Deep draft S S S S S S 21
Air (including truck and air) 314 2.1 2 5 2,027
Pipeline3 S S 5,605 11.5 S S S
Multiple modes 1,303 8.7 98 0.2 S S 849
Parcel, USPS or courier 1,257 8.4 34 23 0.2 849
Truck and rail S S S S S S 1,180
Truck and water S S S S S S 3,396
Rail and water S S S S S S 981
Other multiple modes
Other and unknown modes 427 2.9 S S 54 0.5 50

– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
2 "Truck" as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck, only for-hire truck, or a combination of private truck and for-hire truck.
3 Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentially protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, Individual States Data, December 2004.