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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Table 2d. Shipment Characteristics by Total Modal Activity for the United States: Annualized Growth Rate for 1997 to 2002 and 1993 to 2002

Monday, July 2, 2012

Table 2d. Shipment Characteristics by Total Modal Activity for the United States: Annualized Growth Rate for 1997 to 2002 and 1993 to 2002

[Estimates are based on data from the 2002, 1997, and 1993 Commodity Flow Surveys]

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Mode of transportation1 Ton-miles2 Average miles per shipment (percent)
1997 to 2002 1993 to 2002 1997 to 2002 1993 to 2002
Total 3.9 2.9 2.4 2.6
Truck 4.7 4.1 1.8 2.1
Rail 4.1 3.4 −0.5
Shallow draft 3.3 0.1 12.5 1.7
Great Lakes 5.2 4.0 −1.7 −3.9
Deep draft 1.4 −1.6 2.4 −1.2
Air −0.5 4.6 7.3 3.6
Parcel, U.S.P.S. or courier 2.6 4.2 1.7 2.2
Pipeline3 S S S S
Other and unknown modes −9.5 −7.9 1.2 −6.1

– Represents data cell equal to zero or less than 1 unit of measure.
S Estimate does not meet publication standards because of high sampling variability or poor response quality.

1 Estimates represent activity for a given mode across single and multiple mode shipments. For example, "Truck" ton-miles includes total ton-miles for shipments moving only by truck plus ton-miles for truck segments of multiple mode shipments.
2 Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See "Mileage Calculations" section for additional information.
3 Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

NOTES: Annualized growth rate measures the annual rate of change between estimates from any 2 years by assuming a constant yearly rate of change. See Appendix C for additional information about this rate.The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design, and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at
Coverage for the 2002 Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) differs from the previous surveys due to a change from the 1987 Standard Industrial Classification System to the 1997 North American Industry Classification System and other survey improvements. Therefore, data users are urged to use caution when comparing 2002 CFS estimates with estimates from prior years.

SOURCE: Bureau of Transportation Statistics (USDOT) and U.S. Census Bureau, 2002 Commodity Flow Survey, United States Data, December 2004.