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Table 11. Shipment Characteristics by NAICS (1) and Mode of Transportation for the United States: 2012—Con.

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(Estimates are based on data from the 2012 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive)

NAICS code NAICS title and mode of transportation Value Tons Ton-miles (2) Average miles per shipment
(million dollars) (thousands) (millions)
212 Mining (except oil and gas)        
  All modes 99,888 2,900,863 859,267 47
  Single modes 93,038 2,752,022 804,142 44
  Truck (3) 44,585 1,739,220 71,360 37
   For-hire truck 29,824 800,855 45,565 54
   Private truck 14,760 938,365 25,795 24
  Rail 37,623 886,480 678,841 493
  Water 5,076 123,812 53,756 581
   Inland water S 81,986 S 565
   Great Lakes 309 30,320 10,607 350
   Deep sea S S S 2,146
   Multiple waterways 704 11,430 9,406 937
  Air (includes truck and air) 5,575 Z 1 2,732
  Pipeline (4) 179 2,510 S S
  Multiple modes 5,824 111,998 54,869 434
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier S Z Z 830
  Truck and rail 1,708 33,890 14,135 387
  Truck and water 1,013 30,309 15,045 S
  Rail and water 2,758 45,384 24,022 S
  Other multiple modes 328 2,414 1,666 690
  Other modes 1,026 36,844 256 S
31–33 Manufacturing        
  All modes 5,679,313 4,155,850 1,279,523 713
  Single modes 5,105,289 4,018,339 1,141,247 443
  Truck (3) 3,799,293 2,807,070 693,243 399
   For-hire truck 3,066,514 1,705,337 628,524 658
   Private truck 732,779 1,101,733 64,719 52
  Rail 323,122 412,027 328,583 900
  Water 203,256 256,561 82,290 795
   Inland water 143,768 194,479 50,145 406
   Great Lakes 115 1,083 353 321
   Deep sea 45,675 44,267 19,803 1,084
   Multiple waterways 13,698 16,733 11,989 921
  Air (includes truck and air) 303,822 2,263 2,873 1,276
  Pipeline (4) 475,796 540,418 S S
  Multiple modes 574,023 137,511 138,277 1,002
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 391,702 4,177 4,109 1,001
  Truck and rail 166,719 117,283 110,606 1,209
  Truck and water 12,073 10,512 S 1,852
  Rail and water 3,195 5,505 2,435 3,040
  Other multiple modes S 34 166 4,920
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
311 Food manufacturing        
  All modes 744,573 545,892 261,169 239
  Single modes 724,418 523,644 236,437 187
  Truck (3) 683,867 454,085 170,650 177
   For-hire truck 516,340 298,684 156,565 451
   Private truck 167,527 155,401 14,085 47
  Rail 37,779 67,021 64,315 1,074
  Water 2,239 2,469 1,356 624
   Inland water 1,030 2,164 S 579
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 1,197 295 421 S
   Multiple waterways S 10 S 727
  Air (includes truck and air) 533 69 116 1,853
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 20,155 22,248 24,732 961
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 1,411 86 74 942
  Truck and rail 16,496 19,243 22,594 1,446
  Truck and water 2,192 S 1,595 S
  Rail and water S S S S
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
312 Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing        
  All modes 142,936 159,843 49,408 292
  Single modes 137,212 157,296 45,063 155
  Truck (3) 135,229 154,647 41,681 151
   For-hire truck 106,312 98,727 36,992 426
   Private truck 28,917 55,921 4,690 37
  Rail 1,929 2,604 3,330 1,447
  Water 44 43 51 1,363
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 44 43 51 1,363
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 10 1 1 1,979
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 5,724 2,548 4,345 1,251
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 630 40 48 1,236
  Truck and rail 4,640 2,180 3,799 1,706
  Truck and water 442 326 488 1,549
  Rail and water S S S S
  Other multiple modes S S S S
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
313 Textile mills        
  All modes 30,328 7,101 3,731 765
  Single modes 28,924 6,965 3,573 591
  Truck (3) 28,470 6,865 3,482 560
   For-hire truck 22,359 4,741 3,325 711
   Private truck 6,110 2,124 157 49
  Rail 128 87 74 1,215
  Water S S S S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 327 13 17 1,479
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 1,403 136 158 961
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 988 27 24 958
  Truck and rail 307 94 117 1,409
  Truck and water S 15 17 1,023
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
314 Textile product mills        
  All modes 21,595 5,096 2,313 918
  Single modes 18,847 4,946 2,109 717
  Truck (3) 18,585 4,935 2,093 695
   For-hire truck 11,420 2,224 1,915 942
   Private truck 7,165 2,711 177 51
  Rail 6 3 S S
  Water 0 0 0 0
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 0 0 0 0
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 257 9 S 1,430
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 2,748 150 205 1,044
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 2,578 93 87 1,042
  Truck and rail 156 S S 1,394
  Truck and water 14 2 4 S
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
315 Apparel manufacturing        
  All modes 12,462 515 402 1,169
  Single modes 8,671 454 329 1,049
  Truck (3) 8,442 452 326 993
   For-hire truck 6,875 287 313 1,193
   Private truck 1,567 164 13 66
  Rail S S S S
  Water S S S S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 227 S 3 1,691
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 3,792 60 73 1,187
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 3,792 60 73 1,187
  Truck and rail 0 0 0 0
  Truck and water S S S S
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
316 Leather and allied product manufacturing        
  All modes 4,870 688 707 1,105
  Single modes 3,244 515 480 854
  Truck (3) 3,047 463 393 834
   For-hire truck 2,227 323 370 931
   Private truck 819 139 23 76
  Rail S S S 1,740
  Water 0 0 0 0
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 0 0 0 0
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 76 2 1 1,203
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 1,626 172 227 1,134
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 1,221 29 31 1,127
  Truck and rail 392 143 192 1,349
  Truck and water S S S 5,363
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
321 Wood product manufacturing        
  All modes 76,802 211,440 59,705 341
  Single modes 74,056 203,085 50,495 251
  Truck (3) 69,344 190,616 37,086 243
   For-hire truck 45,832 119,599 30,524 426
   Private truck 23,512 71,017 6,563 70
  Rail 4,655 12,438 13,346 1,105
  Water S S S S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) S S S 1,879
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 2,746 8,355 9,211 1,023
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 384 24 22 1,001
  Truck and rail 2,283 8,264 9,084 1,281
  Truck and water S S 104 3,414
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
322 Paper manufacturing        
  All modes 180,585 156,327 83,270 532
  Single modes 172,607 148,723 73,649 367
  Truck (3) 155,751 123,944 51,208 347
   For-hire truck 133,612 105,952 49,261 455
   Private truck 22,139 17,992 1,947 65
  Rail 16,363 24,660 22,382 1,058
  Water S S 36 1,363
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S 36 1,363
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 410 22 23 1,152
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 7,978 7,604 9,621 994
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 1,598 75 69 977
  Truck and rail 6,275 7,432 9,373 1,506
  Truck and water 102 95 170 2,115
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes S S S S
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
323 Printing and related support activities        
  All modes 79,263 21,535 10,296 769
  Single modes 62,120 20,676 9,520 495
  Truck (3) 59,089 20,530 9,385 479
   For-hire truck 42,871 17,124 9,094 653
   Private truck 16,218 3,406 291 32
  Rail 79 47 46 955
  Water 3 Z Z S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 3 Z Z S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 2,949 99 89 868
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 17,143 859 776 860
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 16,794 747 615 859
  Truck and rail 274 63 77 792
  Truck and water 75 49 84 2,426
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
324 Petroleum and coal products manufacturing        
  All modes 835,321 1,222,084 165,106 216
  Single modes 828,770 1,212,114 148,597 161
  Truck (3) 192,552 456,841 36,778 151
   For-hire truck 138,598 280,618 30,441 198
   Private truck 53,954 176,223 6,338 64
  Rail 33,961 58,413 33,159 776
  Water 152,005 187,096 46,034 527
   Inland water 110,598 136,788 21,915 240
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 31,691 39,864 15,896 1,432
   Multiple waterways 9,717 10,444 8,223 663
  Air (includes truck and air) 46 2 3 1,458
  Pipeline (4) 450,206 509,763 S S
  Multiple modes S S S 1,018
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 293 27 26 1,024
  Truck and rail S S 1,757 653
  Truck and water S S S 2,383
  Rail and water 1,904 4,127 1,421 548
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
325 Chemical manufacturing        
  All modes 785,839 609,778 313,078 887
  Single modes 712,117 566,455 277,772 663
  Truck (3) 469,277 312,547 98,986 589
   For-hire truck 404,901 217,415 89,422 752
   Private truck 64,375 95,132 9,564 78
  Rail 145,501 172,892 150,779 901
  Water 32,828 49,854 25,463 367
   Inland water 28,670 44,875 21,530 350
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 1,371 2,196 2,660 S
   Multiple waterways 2,787 2,783 1,273 S
  Air (includes truck and air) 38,998 567 S 1,234
  Pipeline (4) 25,513 30,595 S S
  Multiple modes 73,722 43,322 35,307 1,127
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 37,857 436 443 1,127
  Truck and rail 33,503 40,005 32,606 1,040
  Truck and water 1,349 1,747 1,820 2,132
  Rail and water 1,012 1,133 430 1,706
  Other multiple modes S S S S
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
326 Plastics and rubber products manufacturing        
  All modes 216,973 59,798 33,421 764
  Single modes 205,844 57,293 31,618 577
  Truck (3) 202,828 56,931 30,992 566
   For-hire truck 170,733 47,157 29,758 704
   Private truck 32,094 9,774 1,234 121
  Rail 885 281 524 1,525
  Water S S S 1,998
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S 1,990
   Multiple waterways S S S S
  Air (includes truck and air) 2,123 79 98 1,236
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 11,129 S 1,803 1,047
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 8,192 224 234 1,044
  Truck and rail 2,706 S 1,464 1,511
  Truck and water 228 49 105 2,508
  Rail and water S S S S
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
327 Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing        
  All modes 98,603 707,054 73,594 180
  Single modes 93,166 693,240 65,625 114
  Truck (3) 87,598 655,051 50,342 108
   For-hire truck 54,686 205,725 37,801 300
   Private truck 32,912 449,326 12,541 32
  Rail 2,978 27,848 11,714 372
  Water 657 10,284 3,499 893
   Inland water 313 6,874 1,941 284
   Great Lakes 115 1,083 353 321
   Deep sea 41 154 174 1,139
   Multiple waterways 188 2,173 1,031 1,735
  Air (includes truck and air) 1,933 57 70 1,240
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 5,438 13,814 7,969 937
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 3,116 39 37 942
  Truck and rail 2,102 12,299 6,224 637
  Truck and water 220 1,476 1,708 2,404
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
331 Primary metal manufacturing        
  All modes 265,380 189,419 87,875 602
  Single modes 244,903 174,977 73,858 500
  Truck (3) 204,715 131,854 45,388 486
   For-hire truck 184,017 115,611 43,421 569
   Private truck 20,698 16,243 1,967 80
  Rail 34,145 37,534 22,801 632
  Water 2,280 5,535 5,620 1,535
   Inland water 1,516 3,173 S 824
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S 509 2,785
   Multiple waterways 349 1,131 1,373 1,353
  Air (includes truck and air) 3,763 54 49 1,090
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 20,477 14,442 14,016 994
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 5,429 30 26 990
  Truck and rail 13,610 13,156 13,288 1,077
  Truck and water S S 687 S
  Rail and water S S S S
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
332 Fabricated metal product manufacturing        
  All modes 333,287 96,723 38,545 562
  Single modes 294,370 95,572 37,016 361
  Truck (3) 285,120 92,792 35,783 344
   For-hire truck 218,263 70,690 33,551 649
   Private truck 66,857 22,102 2,232 44
  Rail 3,044 2,619 1,039 563
  Water S 2 5 1,494
   Inland water S S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S 1,496
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 6,187 159 188 1,149
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 38,917 1,151 1,529 896
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 36,736 433 377 895
  Truck and rail 1,794 649 958 1,638
  Truck and water 388 69 194 2,637
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
333 Machinery manufacturing        
  All modes 402,610 36,938 26,510 889
  Single modes 343,448 35,306 24,359 761
  Truck (3) 319,959 34,219 23,190 717
   For-hire truck 284,307 30,097 22,582 874
   Private truck 35,652 4,122 608 72
  Rail 6,523 785 849 1,187
  Water S Z S 2,427
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S Z S 2,427
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 16,963 302 320 1,213
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 59,162 1,632 2,152 956
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 46,716 521 493 955
  Truck and rail 9,689 942 1,397 1,312
  Truck and water 2,757 169 262 2,910
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
334 Computer and electronic product manufacturing        
  All modes 331,636 4,576 3,791 1,164
  Single modes 216,232 4,142 3,266 1,092
  Truck (3) 119,898 3,616 2,731 918
   For-hire truck 106,133 2,631 2,634 1,067
   Private truck 13,765 985 97 42
  Rail S S S 1,030
  Water S S S S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 95,874 446 515 1,302
  Pipeline (4) 77 60 S S
  Multiple modes 115,404 435 526 1,188
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 114,431 337 388 1,188
  Truck and rail 701 90 123 1,397
  Truck and water S S S 1,316
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
335 Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing        
  All modes 120,145 16,619 12,347 998
  Single modes 102,184 16,155 11,645 861
  Truck (3) 96,197 15,936 11,362 838
   For-hire truck 89,962 14,734 11,165 920
   Private truck 6,235 1,201 197 114
  Rail 466 143 201 1,572
  Water S S 3 1,976
   Inland water S S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 5,252 75 79 1,225
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 17,961 464 702 1,099
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 16,434 153 161 1,098
  Truck and rail 1,224 285 484 1,203
  Truck and water 302 26 58 1,803
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
336 Transportation equipment manufacturing        
  All modes 782,011 80,977 38,028 806
  Single modes 680,202 74,314 30,848 588
  Truck (3) 516,243 68,505 26,638 545
   For-hire truck 411,540 55,614 25,233 697
   Private truck 104,703 12,891 1,405 87
  Rail 34,017 4,465 3,817 1,184
  Water 12,758 1,134 S 320
   Inland water 1,361 585 S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 645 192 S 1,006
  Air (includes truck and air) 117,184 210 240 1,261
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 101,809 6,663 7,181 1,105
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 33,669 179 195 1,097
  Truck and rail 67,049 6,375 6,538 1,192
  Truck and water 564 60 207 3,311
  Rail and water 210 20 100 5,342
  Other multiple modes 317 28 141 4,982
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
337 Furniture and related product manufacturing        
  All modes 66,809 14,850 9,652 792
  Single modes 64,326 14,410 9,104 717
  Truck (3) 63,956 14,291 8,991 700
   For-hire truck 45,105 10,710 8,524 950
   Private truck 18,851 3,581 467 125
  Rail 154 S 88 1,369
  Water 5 1 2 2,573
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 5 1 2 2,573
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 210 12 22 1,807
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 2,483 440 548 983
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 2,188 134 136 980
  Truck and rail 194 S S 1,610
  Truck and water 101 19 57 2,595
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
339 Miscellaneous manufacturing        
  All modes 147,284 8,599 6,571 1,003
  Single modes 89,629 8,056 5,883 792
  Truck (3) 79,129 7,949 5,756 664
   For-hire truck 70,421 6,674 5,633 967
   Private truck 8,708 1,275 123 32
  Rail 23 S S 1,761
  Water S S S 912
   Inland water S S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 10,467 78 99 1,453
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 57,655 542 689 1,067
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 57,247 484 550 1,067
  Truck and rail 254 34 61 1,060
  Truck and water 154 24 77 3,353
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
42 Wholesale trade        
  All modes 6,119,269 3,780,403 723,220 413
  Single modes 5,143,500 3,684,594 657,887 201
  Truck (3) 4,787,962 3,093,449 400,758 176
   For-hire truck 2,561,162 1,601,328 312,657 432
   Private truck 2,226,801 1,492,122 88,101 63
  Rail 98,832 324,599 197,595 668
  Water 87,467 182,004 54,614 893
   Inland water S 142,689 33,430 S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 10,552 20,446 1,610 1,111
   Multiple waterways 7,856 18,869 19,574 1,073
  Air (includes truck and air) 110,650 2,054 2,395 1,163
  Pipeline (4) S S S S
  Multiple modes 975,769 95,808 65,333 698
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 918,284 15,977 10,488 698
  Truck and rail 43,188 59,935 41,118 657
  Truck and water 12,274 15,215 11,013 1,336
  Rail and water 2,023 4,681 2,713 694
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
423 Merchant wholesalers, durable goods        
  All modes 2,605,062 969,034 228,502 455
  Single modes 1,969,081 929,426 203,462 245
  Truck (3) 1,847,819 874,750 175,957 212
   For-hire truck 1,110,773 475,404 150,236 450
   Private truck 737,047 399,346 25,721 73
  Rail 18,467 38,187 20,209 751
  Water 5,032 15,354 6,167 888
   Inland water 2,178 8,860 4,250 483
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 596 S 605 934
   Multiple waterways S S S 950
  Air (includes truck and air) 97,763 1,135 1,128 1,133
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 635,981 39,608 25,040 680
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 612,250 11,963 7,923 680
  Truck and rail 21,023 25,519 15,769 1,020
  Truck and water 2,449 1,444 1,302 1,479
  Rail and water S S 46 S
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4231 Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and supplies merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 540,855 66,571 31,340 381
  Single modes 455,455 63,210 28,361 258
  Truck (3) 442,133 62,290 27,010 221
   For-hire truck 290,629 38,445 24,967 495
   Private truck 151,504 23,846 2,043 104
  Rail 3,553 596 1,049 2,139
  Water 119 S S 1,087
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 119 S S 1,087
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 9,650 306 259 1,055
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 85,400 3,362 2,979 665
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 78,189 2,373 1,461 664
  Truck and rail 7,054 910 1,453 1,602
  Truck and water 157 78 66 968
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4232 Furniture and home furnishing merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 66,139 16,524 9,024 672
  Single modes 59,450 15,843 8,318 401
  Truck (3) 58,357 15,651 7,814 396
   For-hire truck 33,592 8,945 7,319 854
   Private truck 24,764 6,706 496 51
  Rail S S S 2,661
  Water S S S S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) S 8 10 1,515
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 6,689 681 706 957
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 6,260 500 519 956
  Truck and rail 156 57 119 1,228
  Truck and water S S S 1,285
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4233 Lumber and other construction materials merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 114,200 329,887 31,865 87
  Single modes 111,637 325,771 28,236 63
  Truck (3) 110,712 319,680 24,289 62
   For-hire truck 29,934 150,133 16,775 118
   Private truck 80,778 169,547 7,515 44
  Rail 833 3,403 S 881
  Water 42 S S 323
   Inland water 11 2,665 S 353
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 31 20 5 321
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) S 2 2 1,175
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 2,563 4,116 3,629 503
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 1,291 57 28 495
  Truck and rail 1,204 3,945 3,535 984
  Truck and water 68 S 66 1,595
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4234 Professional and commercial equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 437,435 22,255 12,219 642
  Single modes 256,830 18,215 9,163 443
  Truck (3) 226,407 17,952 8,874 394
   For-hire truck 153,374 10,586 8,276 811
   Private truck 73,033 7,366 597 76
  Rail S S 1 2,354
  Water S 3 3 S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S 3 3 S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 30,297 260 285 1,250
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 180,606 4,040 3,056 705
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 179,366 3,564 2,353 705
  Truck and rail 1,151 470 693 1,140
  Truck and water 89 7 S 1,443
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4235 Metal and mineral (except petroleum) merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 202,708 151,632 49,683 223
  Single modes 196,533 149,251 48,389 168
  Truck (3) 193,504 141,846 43,601 166
   For-hire truck 112,725 87,309 38,374 333
   Private truck 80,779 54,537 5,227 62
  Rail 1,845 6,024 4,021 540
  Water 221 1,359 S 1,376
   Inland water 170 1,348 S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S 11 23 1,966
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) S 23 19 1,078
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 6,175 2,381 1,295 653
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 3,890 129 82 652
  Truck and rail 1,587 2,109 906 735
  Truck and water S 143 307 1,244
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4236 Electrical and electronic goods merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 450,951 26,276 12,083 517
  Single modes 314,146 24,449 10,552 241
  Truck (3) 280,657 24,205 10,223 200
   For-hire truck 192,366 14,253 9,604 327
   Private truck 88,291 9,952 619 33
  Rail S S S 2,629
  Water S 3 S S
   Inland water S S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S 2 S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 33,352 226 285 1,273
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 136,805 1,827 1,531 783
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 134,596 1,726 1,328 783
  Truck and rail 2,016 78 159 700
  Truck and water 193 22 44 2,932
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4237 Hardware, plumbing and heating equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 125,401 18,443 5,011 257
  Single modes 109,792 17,848 4,536 121
  Truck (3) 108,454 17,776 4,475 106
   For-hire truck 42,657 6,196 3,399 276
   Private truck 65,797 11,580 1,075 31
  Rail S 39 S S
  Water S S S S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 1,161 31 34 1,266
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 15,609 595 475 633
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 15,212 483 321 632
  Truck and rail 353 106 139 1,151
  Truck and water 44 S S 1,824
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4238 Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 433,454 64,434 14,655 323
  Single modes 301,186 61,849 13,302 154
  Truck (3) 284,086 61,502 13,015 131
   For-hire truck 155,565 29,162 10,910 291
   Private truck 128,521 32,340 2,106 39
  Rail 273 102 S S
  Water 106 S S 732
   Inland water S S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 98 S S 746
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 16,721 196 158 985
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 132,268 2,585 1,353 435
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 130,909 2,364 1,113 434
  Truck and rail 1,205 198 193 507
  Truck and water 154 23 47 2,176
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4239 Miscellaneous durable goods merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 233,919 273,012 62,620 829
  Single modes 164,053 252,991 52,605 484
  Truck (3) 143,510 213,848 36,655 450
   For-hire truck 99,931 130,376 30,612 746
   Private truck 43,579 83,472 6,042 86
  Rail 11,099 27,824 11,599 415
  Water 4,439 11,238 4,275 709
   Inland water 1,986 4,845 2,544 515
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S 418 871
   Multiple waterways S S S 950
  Air (includes truck and air) 5,005 82 S 1,610
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 69,866 20,020 10,015 965
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 62,536 767 718 966
  Truck and rail 6,297 17,645 8,572 742
  Truck and water 774 927 678 985
  Rail and water S S 46 S
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
424 Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods        
  All modes 3,514,207 2,811,368 494,718 321
  Single modes 3,174,419 2,755,168 454,425 129
  Truck (3) 2,940,143 2,218,700 224,801 118
   For-hire truck 1,450,389 1,125,923 162,420 380
   Private truck 1,489,754 1,092,776 62,381 52
  Rail 80,364 286,411 177,386 635
  Water S 166,650 48,446 894
   Inland water S 133,830 29,180 S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 9,956 19,908 S 1,172
   Multiple waterways 5,597 12,912 18,261 1,146
  Air (includes truck and air) 12,888 919 S 1,365
  Pipeline (4) S S S S
  Multiple modes 339,788 56,200 40,293 757
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 306,034 4,014 2,566 758
  Truck and rail 22,165 34,416 25,349 391
  Truck and water 9,825 13,770 9,711 1,278
  Rail and water 1,764 4,000 2,667 698
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4241 Paper and paper product merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 96,163 39,288 7,602 314
  Single modes 83,116 38,526 7,162 108
  Truck (3) 82,410 37,990 6,744 103
   For-hire truck 28,081 13,850 5,514 299
   Private truck 54,329 24,140 1,230 50
  Rail 481 513 393 877
  Water 32 S 12 1,487
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 32 S 12 1,487
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) S 11 14 1,422
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 13,047 762 440 585
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 12,887 641 330 585
  Truck and rail S 113 S 1,135
  Truck and water S S S S
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4242 Drugs and druggists’ sundries merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 535,889 12,815 6,710 487
  Single modes 308,980 11,265 5,909 219
  Truck (3) 303,657 11,157 5,729 183
   For-hire truck 253,601 7,667 5,342 396
   Private truck 50,056 3,490 387 50
  Rail S S S S
  Water 4 S S 268
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 4 S S 268
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 5,280 S S 1,160
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 226,909 1,550 801 630
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 225,102 1,450 664 630
  Truck and rail 1,669 S S S
  Truck and water 138 S S 1,921
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4243 Apparel, piece goods, and notions merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 121,916 9,535 8,015 997
  Single modes 85,953 8,576 7,047 986
  Truck (3) 83,298 8,415 6,889 933
   For-hire truck 71,003 7,099 6,806 1,103
   Private truck 12,295 1,315 83 52
  Rail 72 S S 1,746
  Water S S S S
   Inland water S S Z S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 2,510 59 80 1,587
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 35,963 960 968 999
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 35,303 858 774 999
  Truck and rail 644 100 190 2,087
  Truck and water 16 S S S
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4244 Grocery and related product merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 647,284 336,965 66,571 123
  Single modes 640,863 335,555 64,852 91
  Truck (3) 637,548 333,317 61,916 84
   For-hire truck 160,765 81,929 43,958 385
   Private truck 476,784 251,388 17,958 56
  Rail 626 1,414 1,965 1,331
  Water 708 402 252 1,192
   Inland water S S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 567 267 194 1,192
   Multiple waterways S S S 433
  Air (includes truck and air) 1,981 S S 1,886
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 6,421 1,410 1,719 786
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 3,397 155 68 781
  Truck and rail 1,254 618 734 S
  Truck and water 1,770 638 917 1,493
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4245 Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 239,194 642,820 260,458 265
  Single modes 218,074 604,343 230,444 143
  Truck (3) 124,573 307,958 32,126 111
   For-hire truck 80,103 183,263 26,528 205
   Private truck 44,470 124,694 5,598 33
  Rail 60,608 208,594 151,515 705
  Water 32,127 87,620 46,673 889
   Inland water 20,701 59,859 28,426 815
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 6,123 15,138 113 1,347
   Multiple waterways 5,303 12,622 18,134 1,194
  Air (includes truck and air) S 136 130 1,130
  Pipeline (4) S S S S
  Multiple modes 21,120 38,477 30,014 1,426
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier S 22 S 1,471
  Truck and rail 13,088 25,030 S 976
  Truck and water 4,996 9,971 7,959 728
  Rail and water 1,073 3,454 2,221 673
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4246 Chemical and allied products merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 153,656 104,935 22,535 223
  Single modes 145,499 102,930 21,515 108
  Truck (3) 143,107 97,140 17,389 104
   For-hire truck 74,411 32,334 12,696 265
   Private truck 68,696 64,806 4,693 36
  Rail 1,671 5,504 S 782
  Water S S S 1,617
   Inland water S S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 13 S S 1,694
   Multiple waterways S S S S
  Air (includes truck and air) 666 19 19 1,366
  Pipeline (4) 20 252 S S
  Multiple modes 8,157 S S 766
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 7,160 265 198 766
  Truck and rail 900 S S 551
  Truck and water 97 40 47 1,628
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4247 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 1,319,585 1,396,357 77,968 74
  Single modes 1,315,221 1,392,126 76,624 67
  Truck (3) 1,200,878 1,201,516 68,767 67
   For-hire truck 703,047 738,019 43,808 99
   Private truck 497,830 463,497 24,959 57
  Rail 6,978 S 5,931 851
  Water S S S 160
   Inland water S S S 8
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S 896
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) S S S 1,420
  Pipeline (4) S S S S
  Multiple modes 4,365 S 1,344 689
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier S S S 674
  Truck and rail 522 608 246 366
  Truck and water S S 612 1,991
  Rail and water 691 S S S
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4248 Beer, wine, and distilled alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 120,471 55,359 2,973 43
  Single modes 120,119 55,272 2,880 40
  Truck (3) 119,824 55,141 2,820 40
   For-hire truck 15,326 4,691 1,446 131
   Private truck 104,498 50,450 1,375 33
  Rail S S S S
  Water S 3 S S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S 3 S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) S S 3 S
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 352 S S 954
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier S 7 5 992
  Truck and rail S S S 1,328
  Truck and water 59 13 17 S
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4249 Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers        
  All modes 280,049 213,293 41,886 445
  Single modes 256,594 206,576 37,992 183
  Truck (3) 244,848 166,068 22,421 168
   For-hire truck 64,052 57,072 16,323 549
   Private truck 180,796 108,996 6,097 65
  Rail 9,669 37,457 13,363 S
  Water 493 561 S 924
   Inland water 196 S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 145 S S 1,037
   Multiple waterways S 154 69 447
  Air (includes truck and air) 1,263 105 133 1,191
  Pipeline (4) S S S S
  Multiple modes 23,455 6,717 3,894 846
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 19,389 570 458 852
  Truck and rail 3,802 6,099 3,351 S
  Truck and water 264 48 85 1,136
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4541 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses        
  All modes 318,266 11,966 9,392 1,173
  Single modes 56,825 6,506 3,611 803
  Truck (3) 50,426 6,403 3,503 754
   For-hire truck 37,903 4,554 3,387 1,031
   Private truck 12,523 1,850 116 66
  Rail 0 0 0 0
  Water S S S S
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S S
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 6,397 103 107 1,287
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 261,441 5,460 5,782 1,207
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 261,400 5,433 5,727 1,207
  Truck and rail S S S S
  Truck and water S S S 5,079
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
45431 Fuel dealers        
  All modes 35,694 36,034 734 19
  Single modes 35,693 36,033 734 19
  Truck (3) 35,652 35,962 733 19
   For-hire truck 1,127 1,266 S 19
   Private truck 34,525 34,696 669 19
  Rail S S S 24
  Water 0 0 0 0
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 0 0 0 0
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) S S S S
  Pipeline (4) S S S S
  Multiple modes 1 2 S 20
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 1 1 Z 17
  Truck and rail S S S S
  Truck and water S S S S
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
4931 (5) Warehousing and storage        
  All modes 1,207,896 294,522 60,458 748
  Single modes 1,140,967 290,807 56,321 681
  Truck (3) 1,112,587 278,875 52,443 502
   For-hire truck 612,796 129,226 37,207 617
   Private truck 499,791 149,649 15,235 108
  Rail 9,290 S 1,521 1,277
  Water 2,325 S S 1,759
   Inland water S S S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 1,633 S 402 1,772
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 15,204 297 269 1,894
  Pipeline (4) 1,561 2,086 S S
  Multiple modes 66,929 3,715 4,137 773
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 58,293 1,830 1,428 772
  Truck and rail 6,112 1,370 1,498 1,551
  Truck and water 2,524 515 1,211 2,561
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
5111 Newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishers        
  All modes 49,500 11,660 2,130 S
  Single modes 38,551 11,236 1,775 S
  Truck (3) 37,791 11,175 1,719 S
   For-hire truck 22,173 4,066 1,582 S
   Private truck 15,619 7,109 137 12
  Rail 166 25 15 1,145
  Water 0 0 0 0
   Inland water 0 0 0 0
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea 0 0 0 0
   Multiple waterways 0 0 0 0
  Air (includes truck and air) 595 36 41 1,144
  Pipeline (4) 0 0 0 0
  Multiple modes 10,948 424 355 407
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 10,759 416 343 406
  Truck and rail S S S S
  Truck and water S S S 4,225
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes 0 0 0 0
  Other modes 0 0 0 0
551114 Corporate, subsidiary, and regional managing offices        
  All modes 342,317 108,111 34,782 769
  Single modes 286,500 105,982 31,701 293
  Truck (3) 263,933 88,012 23,959 259
   For-hire truck 173,138 52,063 S 586
   Private truck 90,794 35,949 2,003 42
  Rail 4,016 3,361 S 1,440
  Water 3,429 6,063 549 1,757
   Inland water 2,133 3,554 S S
   Great Lakes 0 0 0 0
   Deep sea S S S 1,713
   Multiple waterways S S S 2,856
  Air (includes truck and air) 8,331 91 124 1,248
  Pipeline (4) 6,791 8,455 S S
  Multiple modes 55,817 2,129 3,081 994
  Parcel, U.S. Postal Service, or courier 47,785 654 621 992
  Truck and rail 6,895 1,304 2,110 1,744
  Truck and water S S S 1,993
  Rail and water 0 0 0 0
  Other multiple modes S S S S
  Other modes 0 0 0 0

KEY: S = Withheld because estimate did not meet publication standards.

Z = Rounds to zero.

(1) NAICS codes shown are those covered in the Commodity Flow Survey.

(2) Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See “Mileage Calculations” section for additional information.

(3) “Truck” as a single mode includes shipments that were made by only private truck or only for-hire truck.

(4) Estimates for pipeline exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

(5) For tabulation and publication purposes, NAICS 484 is grouped with NAICS 4931.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at <www.census.gov/econ/cfs>.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2014.

Updated: Saturday, May 20, 2017