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Table 22. Shipment Characteristics of Temperature Controlled Shipments (1) by Two-Digit Commodity and Distance Shipped for the United States: 2012—Con.

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(Estimates are based on data from the 2012 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive)

SCTG code Commodity description and distance shipped (2) Value Tons Ton-miles (3)
(million dollars) (thousands) (millions)
  All commodities (4)      
  Total 1,620,164 668,225 213,293
  Less than 50 miles 528,448 256,826 6,296
  50 to 99 miles 249,745 100,502 9,096
  100 to 249 miles 336,574 132,871 26,096
  250 to 499 miles 210,243 70,427 32,666
  500 to 749 miles 102,207 39,142 30,564
  750 to 999 miles 66,205 27,304 30,186
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 66,632 23,563 35,523
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 33,675 9,894 21,033
  2,000 miles or more 26,434 7,696 21,835
01 Live animals and live fish      
  Total 652 121 S
  Less than 50 miles 213 45 S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 45 S S
  250 to 499 miles 58 9 3
  500 to 749 miles 36 4 3
  750 to 999 miles 19 S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
02 Cereal grains (includes seed)      
  Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
03 Agricultural products (excludes animal feed, cereal grains, and forage products)      
  Total 61,186 45,509 21,361
  Less than 50 miles 25,972 17,887 384
  50 to 99 miles 8,516 5,504 484
  100 to 249 miles 9,989 6,784 1,366
  250 to 499 miles 4,568 3,957 1,738
  500 to 749 miles 2,117 2,285 1,702
  750 to 999 miles 2,390 2,492 2,682
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 3,158 3,325 4,872
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,901 1,731 3,833
  2,000 miles or more 2,575 1,543 4,300
04 Animal feed, eggs, honey, and other products of animal origin      
  Total 7,599 7,105 2,741
  Less than 50 miles 2,422 2,047 61
  50 to 99 miles 1,255 1,189 114
  100 to 249 miles 1,753 1,605 321
  250 to 499 miles 832 832 449
  500 to 749 miles 665 S S
  750 to 999 miles 273 203 226
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 196 84 130
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 138 S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
05 Meat, poultry, fish, seafood, and their preparations      
  Total 298,454 88,965 43,080
  Less than 50 miles 81,225 23,234 548
  50 to 99 miles 29,155 9,558 900
  100 to 249 miles 46,419 15,169 3,159
  250 to 499 miles 49,344 15,720 7,180
  500 to 749 miles 32,508 10,118 7,788
  750 to 999 miles 20,416 5,327 5,645
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 25,476 6,283 9,058
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,056 2,086 4,250
  2,000 miles or more 5,855 1,470 4,552
06 Milled grain products and preparations and bakery products      
  Total 42,097 19,724 10,306
  Less than 50 miles 11,750 5,271 127
  50 to 99 miles 3,709 1,613 142
  100 to 249 miles 6,449 3,338 674
  250 to 499 miles 6,237 3,201 1,467
  500 to 749 miles 4,949 2,477 1,883
  750 to 999 miles 2,933 1,365 1,436
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,682 1,295 1,884
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,114 734 1,539
  2,000 miles or more 1,274 430 1,153
07-R (5) Other prepared foodstuffs and fats and oils      
  Total 213,234 134,884 54,374
  Less than 50 miles 63,957 45,678 1,080
  50 to 99 miles 24,030 19,229 1,711
  100 to 249 miles 39,940 24,506 4,880
  250 to 499 miles 28,585 15,949 7,051
  500 to 749 miles 19,541 10,631 8,395
  750 to 999 miles 11,984 6,614 7,234
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,987 6,623 10,183
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,476 3,092 6,674
  2,000 miles or more 5,736 2,562 7,168
08-R (6) Alcoholic beverages, and denatured alcohol      
  Total 21,212 10,691 5,209
  Less than 50 miles 10,540 4,432 84
  50 to 99 miles 2,712 993 96
  100 to 249 miles 2,199 1,081 210
  250 to 499 miles 1,491 1,140 506
  500 to 749 miles 1,215 1,069 853
  750 to 999 miles 965 874 1,008
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 513 382 558
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 422 203 424
  2,000 miles or more 1,155 517 1,472
09 Tobacco products      
  Total 3,445 126 18
  Less than 50 miles 884 36 1
  50 to 99 miles 979 34 3
  100 to 249 miles 1,514 53 10
  250 to 499 miles 42 2 1
  500 to 749 miles Z Z S
  750 to 999 miles 9 1 1
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 16 1 2
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
10 Monumental or building stone      
  Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
11 Natural sands      
  Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
12 Gravel and crushed stone (excludes dolomite and slate)      
  Total S 74 S
  Less than 50 miles S 74 S
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
13 Other nonmetallic minerals, n.e.c.      
  Total 72 514 71
  Less than 50 miles 49 454 3
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S 15 S
  500 to 749 miles 1 7 5
  750 to 999 miles 3 25 33
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
14 Metallic ores and concentrates      
  Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
15 Coal      
  Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
17-R (7) Gasoline, aviation turbine fuel, and ethanol (includes kerosene, and fuel alcohols)      
  Total 1,154 1,648 1,215
  Less than 50 miles 305 437 22
  50 to 99 miles 117 177 13
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles 133 179 153
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles 440 627 728
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 121 172 272
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
18-R (8) Fuel oils (includes diesel, Bunker C, and biodiesel)      
  Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
19 Other coal and petroleum products, n.e.c.      
  Total 37,662 90,976 12,742
  Less than 50 miles 17,516 55,347 955
  50 to 99 miles 5,723 10,146 954
  100 to 249 miles 9,585 17,440 3,226
  250 to 499 miles 2,318 4,006 2,135
  500 to 749 miles 783 1,336 1,290
  750 to 999 miles 1,120 1,892 2,838
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 501 719 1,125
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 44 40 87
  2,000 miles or more 72 49 131
20 Basic chemicals      
  Total 33,796 52,893 21,078
  Less than 50 miles 6,782 15,317 392
  50 to 99 miles 2,950 8,017 730
  100 to 249 miles 4,097 9,335 1,818
  250 to 499 miles 9,580 7,471 4,365
  500 to 749 miles 3,258 S S
  750 to 999 miles 3,867 4,693 4,997
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,350 2,005 3,100
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 504 540 1,153
  2,000 miles or more 408 159 457
21 Pharmaceutical products      
  Total 332,516 2,345 1,157
  Less than 50 miles 88,447 607 20
  50 to 99 miles 53,843 416 39
  100 to 249 miles 68,888 384 85
  250 to 499 miles 58,658 292 131
  500 to 749 miles 23,538 203 154
  750 to 999 miles 13,908 150 160
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,606 154 238
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 8,936 95 207
  2,000 miles or more 5,690 45 122
22 Fertilizers      
  Total 6,598 13,233 6,156
  Less than 50 miles 1,072 3,225 86
  50 to 99 miles 350 729 69
  100 to 249 miles 1,221 2,299 570
  250 to 499 miles 1,893 3,596 1,743
  500 to 749 miles 858 1,468 1,195
  750 to 999 miles 587 1,120 1,142
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S 766 1,282
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 20 28 61
  2,000 miles or more 3 S S
23 Chemical products and preparations, n.e.c.      
  Total 20,108 6,133 3,646
  Less than 50 miles 4,159 735 17
  50 to 99 miles 676 443 45
  100 to 249 miles 3,053 1,596 342
  250 to 499 miles 3,582 1,370 662
  500 to 749 miles 1,899 756 585
  750 to 999 miles 2,510 502 598
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,255 443 692
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 625 124 254
  2,000 miles or more 1,348 165 450
24 Plastics and rubber      
  Total 2,659 810 616
  Less than 50 miles 201 55 S
  50 to 99 miles 96 57 5
  100 to 249 miles 487 73 15
  250 to 499 miles 715 S S
  500 to 749 miles 468 155 119
  750 to 999 miles 289 35 36
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 187 S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
25 Logs and other wood in the rough      
  Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
26 Wood products      
  Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
27 Pulp, newsprint, paper, and paperboard      
  Total 1 S S
  Less than 50 miles 1 S S
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
28 Paper or paperboard articles      
  Total 18 4 Z
  Less than 50 miles 13 3 Z
  50 to 99 miles 5 1 Z
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
29 Printed products      
  Total S S 1
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 4 S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
30 Textiles, leather, and articles of textiles or leather      
  Total 493 49 30
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles 26 S S
  100 to 249 miles 7 S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 75 S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 76 2 3
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more 63 1 4
31 Nonmetallic mineral products      
  Total 330 2,693 103
  Less than 50 miles 231 2,483 50
  50 to 99 miles 23 S S
  100 to 249 miles 13 S S
  250 to 499 miles 7 2 1
  500 to 749 miles 4 1 1
  750 to 999 miles 6 2 S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 13 2 3
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S 1 1
  2,000 miles or more 31 7 22
32 Base metal in primary or semifinished forms and in finished basic shapes      
  Total 810 S 42
  Less than 50 miles 91 7 Z
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 168 57 11
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles 18 S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
33 Articles of base metal      
  Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more S S S
34 Machinery      
  Total 464 S S
  Less than 50 miles 42 5 Z
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles 142 S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 15 S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
35 Electronic and other electrical equipment and components and office equipment      
  Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
36 Motorized and other vehicles (including parts)      
  Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
37 Transportation equipment, n.e.c.      
  Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
38 Precision instruments and apparatus      
  Total 4,045 79 99
  Less than 50 miles 417 4 Z
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 331 S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 401 S S
  750 to 999 miles 313 4 4
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,326 32 52
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 334 S S
  2,000 miles or more 382 S S
39 Furniture, mattresses and mattress supports, lamps, lighting fittings, and illuminated signs      
  Total 270 S S
  Less than 50 miles 7 1 Z
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 21 3 1
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more S S S
40 Miscellaneous manufactured products      
  Total S 42 25
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S 10 2
  250 to 499 miles S Z Z
  500 to 749 miles 138 12 9
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S Z 1
41 Waste and scrap      
  Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
43 Mixed freight      
  Total 529,281 187,669 28,825
  Less than 50 miles 211,143 78,093 2,395
  50 to 99 miles 114,907 42,003 3,755
  100 to 249 miles 139,894 48,985 9,367
  250 to 499 miles 41,491 12,349 4,893
  500 to 749 miles 9,528 2,394 1,764
  750 to 999 miles 3,876 1,200 1,249
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 4,115 1,154 1,889
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,790 971 2,034
  2,000 miles or more 1,538 521 1,479
99 Commodity unknown      
  Total 24 S S
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 24 S S
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0

KEY: S = Withheld because estimate did not meet publication standards.

Z = Rounds to zero.

(1) Shipments that are temperature controlled are transported in a vehicle or container that regulates or maintains the temperature when en route to its destination.

(2) Shipments are grouped into distance categories based on Great Circle Distance (GCD). GCD is the shortest distance between two points on the surface of a sphere over the surface of that sphere.

(3) ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See “Mileage Calculations” section for additional information.

(4) Estimates exclude shipments of crude petroleum (SCTG 16).

(5) Prior to the 2012 CFS, oils and fats treated for use as biodiesel were included in Commodity Code 07. In the 2012 CFS, oils and fats treated for use as biodiesel moved to Commodity Code 18.

(6) Prior to the 2012 CFS, alcohols intended for use as fuel such as ethanol, although not specifically identified, were included in Commodity Code 08. In the 2012 CFS, ethanol moved to Commodity Code 17.

(7) Prior to the 2012 CFS, fuel alcohols such as ethanol were included in Commodity Code 08, although not specifically identified. Also, kerosene was included in Commodity Code 19. In the 2012 CFS, ethanol, fuel alcohols and kerosene moved to Commodity Code 17.

(8) Prior to the 2012 CFS, biodiesel, although not specifically identified, was included in Commodity Code 07. In the 2012 CFS, biodiesel moved to Commodity Code 18.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at <www.census.gov/econ/cfs>.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2014.

Updated: Saturday, May 20, 2017