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Table 27. Shipment Characteristics of Temperature Controlled Shipments (1) by NAICS (2) and Distance Shipped for the United States: 2012—Con.

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(Estimates are based on data from the 2012 Commodity Flow Survey. Because of rounding, estimates may not be additive)

NAICS code NAICS title and distance shipped Value Tons Ton-miles (3)
(million dollars) (thousands) (millions)
212 Mining (except oil and gas)      
     Total S 882 S
  Less than 50 miles 60 681 15
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles 90 95 105
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
31–33 Manufacturing      
     Total 569,249 318,489 144,352
  Less than 50 miles 104,889 99,370 2,066
  50 to 99 miles 45,254 34,613 3,178
  100 to 249 miles 89,184 54,563 11,180
  250 to 499 miles 119,878 47,036 22,893
  500 to 749 miles 71,952 30,649 23,958
  750 to 999 miles 48,329 22,115 24,596
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 49,489 17,969 26,896
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 22,884 6,943 14,668
  2,000 miles or more 17,390 5,231 14,916
311 Food manufacturing      
     Total 405,845 190,801 98,950
  Less than 50 miles 78,135 45,798 1,099
  50 to 99 miles 35,300 21,714 1,992
  100 to 249 miles 65,944 33,823 6,909
  250 to 499 miles 74,754 31,200 14,182
  500 to 749 miles 53,921 22,162 17,266
  750 to 999 miles 33,460 12,685 13,598
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 38,112 13,786 20,475
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 15,969 5,678 11,993
  2,000 miles or more 10,251 3,955 11,436
312 Beverage and tobacco product manufacturing      
     Total 11,049 14,620 7,847
  Less than 50 miles 2,067 4,439 96
  50 to 99 miles 931 1,531 140
  100 to 249 miles 1,356 1,796 376
  250 to 499 miles 1,860 2,455 1,068
  500 to 749 miles 1,211 1,358 1,070
  750 to 999 miles 1,279 1,435 1,614
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 630 611 879
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 520 284 600
  2,000 miles or more 1,194 711 2,005
313 Textile mills      
     Total 155 34 30
  Less than 50 miles S S Z
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 42 10 2
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 46 11 8
  750 to 999 miles 31 7 7
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 22 5 11
  2,000 miles or more S S S
314 Textile product mills      
     Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
315 Apparel manufacturing      
     Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
316 Leather and allied product manufacturing      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S Z Z
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
321 Wood product manufacturing      
     Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
322 Paper manufacturing      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
323 Printing and related support activities      
     Total S S 1
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 4 S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S Z Z
324 Petroleum and coal products manufacturing      
     Total 21,893 57,493 13,222
  Less than 50 miles 6,495 32,506 451
  50 to 99 miles 2,796 5,034 487
  100 to 249 miles 5,090 9,126 1,926
  250 to 499 miles 4,753 5,916 3,847
  500 to 749 miles 883 1,711 1,631
  750 to 999 miles 1,188 2,302 3,325
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 512 747 1,169
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 65 S S
  2,000 miles or more 111 103 S
325 Chemical manufacturing      
     Total 123,124 52,031 23,662
  Less than 50 miles 17,176 14,081 365
  50 to 99 miles 5,724 6,089 540
  100 to 249 miles 15,839 9,626 1,931
  250 to 499 miles 37,875 7,235 3,668
  500 to 749 miles 14,889 5,293 3,896
  750 to 999 miles 11,566 5,603 5,957
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 9,369 2,791 4,323
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 5,504 875 1,857
  2,000 miles or more 5,182 438 1,123
326 Plastics and rubber products manufacturing      
     Total 1,741 436 313
  Less than 50 miles 103 S S
  50 to 99 miles 65 10 1
  100 to 249 miles 387 63 13
  250 to 499 miles 319 S S
  500 to 749 miles 317 64 51
  750 to 999 miles 238 29 31
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 127 15 23
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 102 S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
327 Nonmetallic mineral product manufacturing      
     Total 350 2,649 127
  Less than 50 miles 155 2,413 49
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 7 S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 5 S S
  750 to 999 miles 151 37 45
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 12 3 7
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
331 Primary metal manufacturing      
     Total 533 S 14
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 43 21 3
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
332 Fabricated metal product manufacturing      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S 1
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more S S S
333 Machinery manufacturing      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles 20 S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
334 Computer and electronic product manufacturing      
     Total 1,373 S S
  Less than 50 miles 29 Z S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 191 S S
  250 to 499 miles S 2 1
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles 113 S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 345 6 10
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
335 Electrical equipment, appliance, and component manufacturing      
     Total 44 1 1
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles 2 Z Z
  500 to 749 miles 22 Z Z
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 15 Z Z
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 2 Z Z
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
336 Transportation equipment manufacturing      
     Total S Z Z
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more S Z Z
337 Furniture and related product manufacturing      
     Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
339 Miscellaneous manufacturing      
     Total 2,738 74 48
  Less than 50 miles 407 S S
  50 to 99 miles 94 S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles 110 3 2
  500 to 749 miles 531 S S
  750 to 999 miles 244 S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 351 S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 449 S S
  2,000 miles or more 288 S S
42 Wholesale trade      
     Total 810,148 273,843 57,502
  Less than 50 miles 332,838 126,354 3,322
  50 to 99 miles 162,108 49,023 4,415
  100 to 249 miles 191,177 57,823 11,018
  250 to 499 miles 61,059 18,586 7,839
  500 to 749 miles 20,914 7,354 5,752
  750 to 999 miles 14,378 4,553 4,942
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 11,657 5,127 7,807
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,866 2,649 5,748
  2,000 miles or more 8,151 2,375 6,660
423 Merchant wholesalers, durable goods      
     Total 9,775 1,845 559
  Less than 50 miles 2,199 827 19
  50 to 99 miles 857 210 19
  100 to 249 miles 1,582 284 59
  250 to 499 miles 2,047 187 89
  500 to 749 miles S 73 57
  750 to 999 miles 1,129 S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 667 S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 69 S S
  2,000 miles or more 217 S S
4231 Motor vehicle and motor vehicle parts and supplies merchant wholesalers      
     Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
4232 Furniture and home furnishing merchant wholesalers      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more S S S
4233 Lumber and other construction materials merchant wholesalers      
     Total 286 536 S
  Less than 50 miles 190 383 10
  50 to 99 miles 17 44 4
  100 to 249 miles 57 84 14
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
4234 Professional and commercial equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers      
     Total 7,728 885 440
  Less than 50 miles 1,161 173 4
  50 to 99 miles 727 104 9
  100 to 249 miles 1,166 154 36
  250 to 499 miles 1,966 164 79
  500 to 749 miles S 66 51
  750 to 999 miles 1,095 S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 380 S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 58 S S
  2,000 miles or more 210 S S
4235 Metal and mineral (except petroleum) merchant wholesalers      
     Total 85 49 7
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles 75 30 6
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
4236 Electrical and electronic goods merchant wholesalers      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
4237 Hardware, plumbing and heating equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S 1 S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
4238 Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers      
     Total 609 S S
  Less than 50 miles 384 S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 6 Z Z
  2,000 miles or more 1 S S
4239 Miscellaneous durable goods merchant wholesalers      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles S S S
  50 to 99 miles S S S
  100 to 249 miles S Z Z
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
424 Merchant wholesalers, nondurable goods      
     Total 800,372 271,998 56,943
  Less than 50 miles 330,640 125,527 3,303
  50 to 99 miles 161,251 48,812 4,396
  100 to 249 miles 189,595 57,538 10,959
  250 to 499 miles 59,012 18,400 7,750
  500 to 749 miles 19,905 7,280 5,695
  750 to 999 miles 13,248 4,325 4,704
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 10,990 5,118 7,792
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 7,797 2,633 5,714
  2,000 miles or more 7,934 2,365 6,631
4241 Paper and paper product merchant wholesalers      
     Total 639 151 11
  Less than 50 miles 431 90 3
  50 to 99 miles 116 37 3
  100 to 249 miles 54 19 3
  250 to 499 miles S 5 2
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
4242 Drugs and druggists’ sundries merchant wholesalers      
     Total 196,611 1,350 517
  Less than 50 miles 67,242 483 14
  50 to 99 miles 45,479 247 22
  100 to 249 miles 48,728 144 31
  250 to 499 miles 15,608 87 35
  500 to 749 miles 7,458 S S
  750 to 999 miles 5,553 55 64
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 2,488 S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 2,707 S S
  2,000 miles or more 1,349 S S
4243 Apparel, piece goods, and notions merchant wholesalers      
     Total S S S
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
4244 Grocery and related product merchant wholesalers      
     Total 480,846 203,478 45,874
  Less than 50 miles 218,337 89,284 2,418
  50 to 99 miles 92,629 38,929 3,467
  100 to 249 miles 102,856 43,531 8,403
  250 to 499 miles 32,481 14,019 5,798
  500 to 749 miles 10,275 5,141 3,906
  750 to 999 miles 6,963 3,640 3,939
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 6,985 4,262 6,405
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 4,640 2,513 5,468
  2,000 miles or more 5,679 2,159 6,070
4245 Farm product raw material merchant wholesalers      
     Total 1,697 2,958 344
  Less than 50 miles 1,258 S S
  50 to 99 miles 90 164 21
  100 to 249 miles 47 S S
  250 to 499 miles 161 106 83
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S 4 10
4246 Chemical and allied products merchant wholesalers      
     Total 2,270 3,790 856
  Less than 50 miles 670 1,700 40
  50 to 99 miles S 869 99
  100 to 249 miles 257 301 58
  250 to 499 miles 339 607 279
  500 to 749 miles 184 207 230
  750 to 999 miles 96 58 63
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S 23 34
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
4247 Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers      
     Total 18,120 37,153 2,546
  Less than 50 miles 10,071 22,698 496
  50 to 99 miles 3,061 5,647 522
  100 to 249 miles 4,700 8,509 1,356
  250 to 499 miles S 260 113
  500 to 749 miles 2 S S
  750 to 999 miles 16 22 23
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S S S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more S S S
4248 Beer, wine, and distilled alcoholic beverage merchant wholesalers      
     Total 14,283 5,296 494
  Less than 50 miles 9,984 4,066 76
  50 to 99 miles 2,078 594 55
  100 to 249 miles 1,289 390 64
  250 to 499 miles S S S
  500 to 749 miles S S S
  750 to 999 miles S S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S 27 S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 55 11 25
  2,000 miles or more S S S
4249 Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers      
     Total 85,906 17,822 6,301
  Less than 50 miles 22,648 4,725 155
  50 to 99 miles 17,331 2,325 208
  100 to 249 miles 31,665 4,513 1,011
  250 to 499 miles 9,947 3,281 1,427
  500 to 749 miles 1,693 1,530 1,244
  750 to 999 miles 478 512 573
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,245 760 S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 316 57 119
  2,000 miles or more 585 119 325
4541 Electronic shopping and mail-order houses      
     Total 27,088 1,450 185
  Less than 50 miles 9,618 1,200 S
  50 to 99 miles 1,536 S S
  100 to 249 miles 3,858 S S
  250 to 499 miles 3,692 13 6
  500 to 749 miles 2,910 S S
  750 to 999 miles 2,283 11 12
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,372 26 42
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,350 S S
  2,000 miles or more 467 2 6
45431 Fuel dealers      
     Total 1,060 975 22
  Less than 50 miles 1,018 936 19
  50 to 99 miles S 36 3
  100 to 249 miles 2 S S
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
49314 Warehousing and storage      
     Total 162,927 55,327 8,437
  Less than 50 miles 49,828 18,775 614
  50 to 99 miles 35,508 13,867 1,252
  100 to 249 miles 45,944 17,421 3,246
  250 to 499 miles 22,514 3,530 1,458
  500 to 749 miles 5,681 852 615
  750 to 999 miles 894 469 433
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 1,305 261 455
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 1,053 107 235
  2,000 miles or more S S S
5111 Newspaper, periodical, book, and directory publishers      
     Total 0 0 0
  Less than 50 miles 0 0 0
  50 to 99 miles 0 0 0
  100 to 249 miles 0 0 0
  250 to 499 miles 0 0 0
  500 to 749 miles 0 0 0
  750 to 999 miles 0 0 0
  1,000 to 1,499 miles 0 0 0
  1,500 to 1,999 miles 0 0 0
  2,000 miles or more 0 0 0
551114 Corporate, subsidiary, and regional managing offices      
     Total 49,470 17,259 2,597
  Less than 50 miles 30,197 9,509 238
  50 to 99 miles 5,298 2,871 241
  100 to 249 miles S S S
  250 to 499 miles 3,080 S S
  500 to 749 miles 717 190 160
  750 to 999 miles 231 S S
  1,000 to 1,499 miles S 169 S
  1,500 to 1,999 miles S S S
  2,000 miles or more 226 44 122

KEY: S Withheld because estimate did not meet publication standards.

Z = Rounds to zero.

(1) Shipments that are temperature controlled are transported in a vehicle or container that regulates or maintains the temperature when en route to its destination.

(2) NAICS codes shown are those covered in the Commodity Flow Survey.

(3) Ton-miles estimates are based on estimated distances traveled along a modeled transportation network. See “Mileage Calculations” section for additional information.

(4) For tabulation and publication purposes, NAICS 484 is grouped with NAICS 4931.

NOTES: Value-of-shipments estimates have not been adjusted for price changes. Appendix B tables provide estimated measures of sampling variability. The Introduction and appendixes give information on confidentiality protection, sampling error, nonsampling error, sample design and definitions. Links to this information on the Internet may be found at <www.census.gov/econ/cfs>.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics and U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, 2012 Economic Census: Transportation Commodity Flow Survey, December 2014.

Updated: Saturday, May 20, 2017