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Table 1-50: U.S. Ton-Miles of Freight (BTS Special Tabulation) (Millions)

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 19801981198219831984198519861987198819891990199119921993199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011
TOTAL U.S. ton-miles of freight4,172,9894,132,3854,010,5924,112,4194,227,6174,221,4614,280,0914,459,9634,606,0234,577,5944,655,4324,676,1634,805,0604,858,7685,089,1195,288,6395,394,4295,444,8415,463,7095,482,5775,501,4445,520,3125,539,1805,579,2515,619,3225,659,3935,699,4635,739,5345,998,0095,468,0015,689,6725,899,165
Air4,5284,6584,4765,0555,4935,1566,3567,5898,1698,9549,0648,8609,82010,67511,80312,52012,86113,60113,84014,20214,98313,06913,37015,23116,45115,74515,36115,14113,77412,02712,54112,134
Truck1,266,6311,269,0941,300,8641,355,8371,421,9661,441,9061,478,9281,558,8061,610,9771,666,5971,707,3731,745,9131,790,7561,866,6901,987,2702,080,0392,136,1842,233,9502,273,5882,297,3722,326,5242,362,0632,427,6932,478,7402,427,1702,453,3472,405,8112,495,7862,752,6582,449,5092,512,4292,643,567
Railroad932,000924,000810,000841,000900,091876,209891,235951,9401,025,6831,045,6281,064,4081,041,9291,098,3791,135,0161,221,0731,317,0101,377,0951,391,0891,448,3521,503,6651,546,3191,599,3321,605,5321,603,5641,683,8951,733,3241,855,8971,819,6261,729,7341,582,0921,706,5051,725,634
Domestic water transportation921,835929,413886,469919,566887,719892,971873,401895,415890,029815,550833,544848,399856,685789,658814,919807,728764,687707,410672,795655,862645,799621,686612,080606,146621,170591,277561,629553,151520,521477,122502,212499,748
Coastwise631,149634,765632,707649,750593,923610,977580,889586,818561,595483,889479,134502,133502,311448,404457,601440,345408,086349,843314,864292,730283,872274,559263,688278,919279,857263,464227,155228,052207,877196,290192,348180,212
Lakewise61,74762,14835,62343,08849,78448,18443,19850,07758,16058,30860,93055,33955,78556,43858,26359,70458,33562,16661,65457,04557,87950,85453,65347,53955,73351,92453,10551,89350,26333,50945,34649,079
Internal227,343231,184217,027225,628242,855232,708248,117257,336269,036272,157292,393289,959297,639283,894297,762306,329296,791294,023294,896304,724302,558294,861293,410278,352284,096274,367279,778271,617260,960244,995263,242269,192
Intraport1,5961,3161,1121,1001,1571,1021,1971,1841,2381,1961,0879689509221,2931,3501,4751,3781,3811,3621,4901,4131,3291,3361,4841,5211,5911,5891,4212,3271,2771,265
Pipeline1,047,9951,005,2191,008,784990,9611,012,3491,005,2191,030,1721,046,2121,071,1651,040,8651,041,0441,031,0631,049,4201,056,7281,054,0541,071,3431,103,6021,098,7901,055,1331,011,476967,819924,162880,504875,570870,635865,700860,766855,831981,323947,252955,9861,018,082

NOTE

Data in this table are improved estimates based on the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF). Technical Summary of Updated Methodology is available at https://www.bts.gov/sites/bts.dot.gov/files/legacy/FreightTonMilesMethod...

SOURCES

Total:

1980-96: Summation of individual modes.

1997-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, Version 3, for 1997, 2002, 2007, 2008, and 2009, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction0.aspx.

Air:

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Statistics - Green Book, (Washington, DC, December issues), p. 3, line 3.

Rail:

Estimates come from the Association of American Railroads using ton mile values from the Surface Transportation Board’s Waybill Sample.  The Waybill Sample represents all major U.S. railroads, including all Class I railroads and several short-line railroads.

Truck:

1980-96: 1997 Truck value, adjusted using U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), Table VM-1, Vehicle Miles Traveled, Total Rural and Urban, for Single-Unit 2 Axle 6-Tire or more and Combination Trucks.

1997-2011: Difference between total of all modes, and sum of other modes.

Pipeline:

1980-96: 1997 Pipeline value, adjusted using Association of Petroleum Pipelines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/?fa=reports as of Oct. 22, 2013.

1997-2011: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, Version 3, for 1997, 2002, 2007, 2008, and 2009, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction0.aspx.

Updated: Thursday, November 30, 2017