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Box 1-A Extent of the U.S. Transportation System


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MOTOR VEHICLES AND PUBLIC ROADS: 2000, 2010, and 2013

Public Road and Street Mileage by Functional Type (miles)

  2000 2010 2013
Interstate 46,427 46,900 47,575
Other freeways and expressways 9,140 11,319 11,602
Other principal arterial 152,233 160,493 161,757
Minor arterial 227,364 242,815 243,872
Collectors 793,124 799,226 803,807
Local 2,707,934 2,806,322 2,846,848
TOTAL, mileage 3,936,222 4,067,076 4,115,462
Bridges 587,135 604,460 607,708
Lane-miles 8,224,245 8,581,158 8,656,070

Motor Vehicle Registrations by Type

  2000 2010 2013
Light-duty vehicle, short wheel base U 190,202,782 184,497,490
Passenger Car 133,621,420 U U
Motorcycle 4,346,068 8,009,503 8,404,687
Light-duty vehicle, long wheel base U 40,241,658 51,512,740
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles 79,084,979 U U
Truck, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more 5,926,030 8,217,189 8,126,007
Truck, combination 2,096,619 2,552,865 2,471,349
Bus 746,125 846,051 864,549
TOTAL, registered vehicles 225,821,241 250,070,048 255,876,822

Person-Miles Travelled (PMT) (millions)

  2000 2010 2013
Light duty vehicle, short wheel base U 2,814,055 2,882,221
Passenger cars 3,107,729 U U
Motorcycle 15,463 19,886 21,937
Light duty vehicle, long wheel base U 831,312 805,997
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles 851,762 U U
Truck, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more 100,486 110,674 106,582
Truck, combination 161,238 175,911 168,436
Bus 313,897 292,319 321,544
TOTAL, highway PMT 4,550,574 4,244,157 4,306,717

Vehicle-Miles Travelled (VMT) (millions)

  2000 2010 2013
Light duty vehicle, short wheel-base U 2,025,745 2,074,458
Passenger cars 1,600,287 U U
Motorcycle 10,469 18,513 20,366
Light duty vehicle, long wheel-base U 622,712 603,313
Other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles 923,059 U U
Truck, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more 70,500 110,738 106,582
Truck, combination 135,020 175,789 168,436
Bus 7,590 13,770 15,167
TOTAL, highway VMT 2,746,925 2,967,266 2,988,323

KEY: U = Data are unavailable.

NOTE: PMT and VMT for 2000 are not comparable to data for later years. Motor bus and demand response figures are also included in the bus figure for highway.

SOURCES: Vehicle Registrations, Public Roads and Street Mileages, Bridges, Lane-miles, Motor Vehicles, PMT, VMT: U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Highway Statistics (multiple years), as cited in the USDOT. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). National Transportation Statistics (NTS). Tables 1-5, 1-6, 1-11, 1-28, 1-35, 1-40. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015.

AIR: 2000, 2010, and 2013

Number of U.S. Airports

  2000 2010 2013
Public use 5,317 5,175 5,155
Private use 13,964 14,353 14,009
Military U 274 289
TOTAL, airports 19,281 19,802 19,453

Number of U.S. Aircraft

  2000 2010 2013
General aviation aircraft 217,533 223,370 199,927
Commercial aircraft 7,826 7,185 6,733
TOTAL, aircraft 225,359 230,555 206,660
TOTAL, Pilots 625,581 627,588 599,086

Passenger Enplanements

  2000 2010 2013
Domestic flights U 629,500,000 645,700,000
International flights of U.S. carriers U 91,000,000 97,500,000
TOTAL, passenger enplanements U 720,500,000 743,200,000

Passenger Miles (thousands)

  2000 2010 2013
Domestic, revenue passenger-miles (RPM) U 552,900,000 577,900,000
International on U.S. carriers, RPM U 245,200,000 262,500,000
TOTAL, air RPM U 798,000,000 840,400,000

Ton-miles (thousands)

  2000 2010 2013
Domestic, enplaned revenue ton-miles U 12,500,000 12,400,000
International on U.S. carriers, enplaned revenue ton-miles U 52,500,000 49,500,000
TOTAL, enplaned revenue ton-miles U 65,000,000 62,000,000

NOTES: General aviation includes air taxis. Commerical aircraft includes mainline and regional aircraft.

SOURCES: Airports and Aircraft: U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) as cited in USDOT, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics.Tables 1-3 and 1-11. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Pilots: USDOT/FAA. FAA Aerospace Forecast, Fiscal Years (multiple issues). Available at www.faa.gov as of June 2015. Passenger enplanements: USDOT, Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), Office of Airline Information (OAI), T-100 market data. Available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. RPM and Enplaned revenue ton-miles: USDOT, BTS, OAI, T-100 Segment data. Available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov/ as of June 2015.

TRANSIT: REVENUE YEARS 2000, 2010, and 2013

Number of Transit Vehicles

  2000 2010 2013
Heavy rail cars 10,311 11,510 10,380
Commuter rail cars and locomotives 5,497 6,768 7,150
Light rail cars 1,306 2,096 2,842
TOTAL, rail transit vehicles 17,114 20,374 20,372
Motor bus 59,230 63,679 67,383
Demand response 22,087 33,555 31,433
Ferry boat 98 134 156
Other 7,607 17,932 17,637
TOTAL, non-rail transit vehicles 89,022 115,300 116,609
TOTAL, transit vehicles 106,136 135,674 136,981

Person-Miles (millions)

  2000 2010 2013
Heavy rail 13,844 16,407 18,005
Commuter rail 9,400 10,774 11,736
Light rail 1,339 2,173 2,565
TOTAL, rail transit PMT 24,583 29,353 32,305
Motor bus 18,999 20,739 21,414
Demand response 588 874 898
Ferry boat 298 389 402
Other 632 1,272 1,449
TOTAL, non-rail transit PMT 20,517 23,274 24,162
TOTAL, transit PMT 45,100 52,627 56,467

Unlinked Passenger Trips (billions)

  2000 2010 2013
Heavy rail 2.63 3.55 3.82
Commuter rail 0.41 0.46 0.48
Light rail 0.32 0.46 0.52
TOTAL, rail transit UPT 3.36 4.47 4.81
Motor bus 5.16 5.24 5.33
Demand response 0.07 0.10 0.11
Ferry boat 0.05 0.06 0.06
Other 0.08 0.10 0.09
TOTAL, non-rail transit UPT 5.36 5.49 5.60
TOTAL, transit UPT 8.72 9.96 10.41

NOTES: Motor bus includes Bus (MB), Commuter Bus (CB), Bus Rapid Transit (RB), and Trolley Bus (TB). Light Rail includes Light Rail (LR), Streetcar Rail (SR), and Hybrid Rail (YR). Demand response includes Demand Response (DR) and Demand Response Taxi (DT).

SOURCES: Transit vehicles: U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). Federal Transit Administration (FTA). National Transit Database (NTD) as cited in USDOT. Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). National Transportation Statistics (NTS). Table 1-11. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Person-miles travelled: USDOT/FTA/NTD as cited in USDOT/BTS/NTS. Table 1-40. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Unlinked passenger trips: USDOT/FTA/NTD, Table 19. Available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ as of June 2015.

RAIL: FISCAL YEARS 2000, 2010, and 2013

Equipment and Mileage Operated by Amtrak

  2000 2010 2013
Locomotives 378 282 418
Passenger cars 1,894 1,274 1,447
System mileage 23,000 21,178 U
Stations 515 519 518 (2012)
Passengers (millions) 20.9 28.7 30.9
Passenger-miles travelled (millions) 5,498 6,420 6,810

Equipment and Mileage Operated by Class I

  2000 2010 2013
Locomotives 20,028 23,893 25,033
Freight cars 560,154 397,730 373,838
Car companies and shippers freight cars 688,194 809,544 873,679
System mileage 99,250 95,700 95,235
Ton-miles (trillion) 1.47 1.69 1.74

KEY: FY = Fiscal Year. U = Data are unavailable

NOTE: Fiscal year ending in September.

SOURCES: Amtrak-Locomotives, Railcars, System mileage, Stations and Passenger-miles travelled: Amtrak as cited in U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT). Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS). National Transportation Statistics (NTS). Tables 1-1,1-7, 1-11, 1-40. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Passengers: USDOT, Federal Railroad Administration, Office of Safety Analysis, as cited in USDOT, BTS, Multimodal Transportation Indicators. Available at www.bts.gov as of June 2015. Class I railroads-Locomotives, Freight cars, and System Mileage: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Annual issues) as cited in USDOT/BTS/NTS. Tables 1-1, 1-11, 1-49. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Ton-miles: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Annual issues), as of June 2015.

WATER: 2000, 2010, and 2013

  2000 2010 2013
U.S.-Flag privately owned merchant fleet (1,000 GT or over) 282 221 187
Recreational boats, millions 12.8 12.4 12.0
Lock chambers 276 239 239
Lock sites 230 193 193
Waterway facilities (including cargo handling docks) 9,309 8,060 8,231
Seaports (handling over 250,000 tons) 197 178 182
Miles of navigable waterways 25,000 25,000 25,000

U.S.-Flag Vessels

  2000 2010 2013
Barge/non-self-propelled vessels 33,152 31,412 31,081
Self-propelled vessels 8,202 9,078 8,918
TOTAL, Vessels 41,354 40,512 39,999

KEY: GT = Gross Tons.

NOTE: U.S.-Flag privately owned merchant fleet includes only oceangoing self-propelled, cargo-carrying vessels of 1,000 GT and above. Total, Vessels includes unclassified vessels.

SOURCES: Fleet: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center. Navigation Data Center. Waterborne Transportation Lines of the United States (Annual issues). Available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/ as of June 2015. Recreational boats: U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Coast Guard. Recreational Boating Statistics as cited in USDOT. BTS. National Transportation Statistics. Table 1-11. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Waterways and Vessels: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Institute for Water Resources. Navigation Data Center. The U.S. Waterway System: Transportation Facts and Information (Annual issues). as cited in USDOT. BTS. National Transportation Statistics. Tables 1-1 and 1-11. Available at http://www.bts.gov/ as of June 2015. Locks, Facilities, and Seaports: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Institute for Water Resources. Navigation Data Center. The U.S. Waterway System: Transportation Facts and Information (Annual issues). Available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/ as of June 2015.

PIPELINE: 2000, 2010, and 2013

Gas Distribution Systems Mileage

  2000 2010 2013
Distribution, main mileage 1,050,802 1,229,538 1,254,773
Distribution, estimated service mileage 737,298 872,384 894,609
TOTAL, gas distribution 1,788,100 2,101,921 2,149,382

Natural Gas Transmission & Gathering Systems Mileage

  2000 2010 2013
Onshore transmission 293,716 299,343 298,290
Offshore transmission 5,241 5,432 4,520
TOTAL, transmission 298,957 304,775 302,811
Onshore gathering 21,879 12,940 11,309
Offshore gathering 5,682 6,699 6,128
TOTAL, gathering 27,561 19,640 17,437
TOTAL, gas transmission & gathering 326,518 324,415 320,248

Hazardous Liquid or Carbon Dioxide Systems Mileage

  2000 2010 2013
Crude oil U 54,631 60,902
Petroleum / refined products U 64,787 63,533
Highly volatile liquids U 57,980 62,742
CO2 or other U 4,560 5,195
Fuel grade ethanol U 16 16
TOTAL, hazardous liquid or CO2 systems U 181,974 192,388

KEY: U = Data are unavailable

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline Hazardous Material Safety Administration. Annual Report Mileage Summary Statistics. Available at http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/ as of June 2015.

Updated: Saturday, May 20, 2017