The launch and spread of independent, on- demand ride-services, such as Uber and Lyft, has created new employment opportunities in transportation. Persons who provide ride services are considered independent contractors. Independent contractors are not counted in official U.S. job counts of transportation workers. In 2005 the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) estimated 403,000 independent contractors in the transportation and material moving occupations as compared to 7.8 million workers with traditional arrangements [USDOL BLS2005]. BLS plans to include the Contingent Worker Supplement in the 2017 Current Population Survey to capture on-demand services employment.