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Amtrak On-Time Performance Trends and Hours of Delay by Cause

Dataset Excel: 

As of 2017 Amtrak no longer records On-Time Performance for "Short disance (<400 miles)" or "Long Distance (>=400 miles)" and instead records three new categories of "Northeast corridor," "State supported," and "Long distance."

Host railroad is a freight or commuter railroad over which Amtrak trains operate for all or part of their trip.

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.

All percentages are based on Amtrak's fiscal year (October 1–September 30).  

Amtrak trains are considered on time if arrival at the endpoint is within the minutes of scheduled arrival time as shown on the following chart. Trip length is based on the total distance traveled by that train from origin to destination:

Trip length (miles)   Minutes late at endpoint 

0–250                        10 or less 

251–350                    15 or less

351–450                    20 or less

451–550                    25 or less

> 551                         30 or less


KEY:  N = data do not exist, U = data unavailable.

a Routes outside the Northeast Corridor and under 750 miles in length.

b Routes over 750 miles in length.

c Amtrak changed its method for reporting delays in 2000.  Therefore, the data for 2000 and following years are not comparable with prior years.

d Includes all delays that occur when operating on Amtrak owned tracks and all delays for equipment or engine failure, passenger handling, holding for connections, train servicing, and mail/baggage handling when on tracks of a host railroad.   

e Includes all operating delays not attributable to Amtrak when operating on tracks of a host railroad, such as track and signal related delays, power failures, freight and commuter train interference, routing delays, etc.  

f Includes delays not attributable to Amtrak or other host railroads, such as customs and immigration, law enforcement action, weather, or waiting for scheduled departure time. 


1980: Amtrak, National Railroad Passenger Corporation Annual Report (Washington, DC: 1981).

1985-99: Ibid., Amtrak Annual Report, Statistical Appendix (Washington, DC: Annual Issues).

2000-18 Amtrak, personal communications, Oct. 2010, Oct. 2011, Dec. 2012, Feb. 25, 2016,  Jul. 25, 2017, and May 30, 2019.