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Hazardous Materials Fatalities, Injuries, Accidents, and Property Damage Data
Hazardous materials transportation incidents required to be reported are defined in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), 49 CFR 171.15, 171.16 (Form F 5800.1). Hazardous materials deaths and injuries are caused by the hazardous material in commerce.
KEY: R = revised.
a The 1996 spike in Air Fatalities was due to the ignition of an undeclared cache of chemical oxygen generators in a flight over Florida that killed 110 people, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation Biennial Report on Hazardous Materials Transportation, 1996-1997.
bWater category includes only nonbulk marine. Bulk marine hazardous materials incidents are reported to the U.S. Coast Guard and are not included.
cOther category includes freight forwarders and modes not otherwise specified.
d The 1996 spike in Rail Injured Persons is due to a train derailment in Alberton, Montana, which caused 787 minor injuries from chlorine gas inhalation, according to the U.S. Department of Transportation Biennial Report on Hazardous Materials Transportation, 1996-1997. For more information, see http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/staticfiles/PHMSA/DownloadableFiles/Files/96_97...
e The 2005 spike in Rail Injured Persons is due to a chlorine accident by a train operated by the Norfolk Southern Railway Co. in Graniteville, South Carolina, on January 6, 2005. 9 people died and 631 people were injured. For more information, see the PHMSA Incident Report Database at https://hazmatonline.phmsa.dot.gov/IncidentReportsSearch/.
fProperty damage under $30,000 is reported to the nearest $100. Property damage $30,000 or greater is reported to the nearest $1,000; therefore the components may not add to the totals. Different cost thresholds for reporting property damage exist by property type. See NTS table 2-8 for the various thresholds.
1975-85: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Hazardous Materials Safety, Hazardous Materials Information System Database, 1999.
1990-2019: Ibid., Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Office of Hazardous Material Safety, 10 Year Incident Summary Reports, available at https://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat-program-management-data-and-statistics/... as of Sept. 1, 2020.