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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

Principal Means of Transportation to Work


Embedded Dataset Excel:

Dataset Excel:

table_01_41_092523.xlsx (50.44 KB)


Principal means of transportation to work refers to the mode of travel used to get from home to work most frequently. If more than one means of transportation was used each day, those surveyed were asked to specify the one used for the longest distance during the trip from home to work.

Component values may not add to totals due to rounding.


KEY: NA = not applicable.

a From 2004 onward, the Carpool categories are 2-person and 3+ person; 4+ person is the sum of 4-person, 5-6 persons, and 7+ persons from the source data.

b Public transportation refers to bus, streetcar, subway, railroad, and elevated trains for years 1989-2001, and includes ferryboats from 2002-14.

c From 1989 to 2001, Bicycle data are included under Motorcycle.

d Other means include ferryboats, surface trains, and van service and other means not classified for years 1989-2001, and excludes ferryboats from 2002-14.


1989-2001: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, American Housing Survey for the United States: 2005 (Washington, DC: 2006), table 2-24 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at as of Oct. 12, 2006.

2002-19, 2021-22: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, American Community Survey, table B08301, 1-Year estimates, available at as of Sep. 19, 2023.

2020: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, American Community Survey, table XK200801, 2020 ACS 1-Year Experimental Data Tables, available at as of Oct. 13, 2022.