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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

U.S. Government Energy Consumption by Agency and Source (Metric)


Embedded Dataset Excel:

Dataset Excel:

table_04_19M_102623.xlsx (81.09 KB)


Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

These data include energy consumed at foreign installations and in foreign operations, including aviation and ocean bunkering, primarily by the U.S. Department of Defense. U.S. government energy use for electricity generation and uranium enrichment is excluded. Other energy used by U.S. agencies that produce electricity or enriched uranium is included. The U.S. government's fiscal year runs from October 1 through September 30. 

1 Trillion BTU (Bristish thermal unit) = 1.055056 Petajoules

Data in this table are prepared using the following conversion factors available at:

Electricity = 3,412 Btu/kilowatt-hour.

Purchased steam = 1,000 Btu/pound.

Coal = 21.39 million Btu/short ton.

Natural gas = 1,026 Btu/cubic foot.

Aviation gasoline: 0.12 million Btu/gallon.

Fuel oil = 0.138 million Btu/gallon.

Jet fuel = 0.135 million Btu/gallon.

Liquefied petroleum gas = 0.092 million Btu/gallon.

Diesel and Gasoline = 0.125 million Btu/gallon.


KEY: Btu = British thermal unit; DHS = Department of Homeland Security; FY = fiscal year; GSA = General Services Administration; N = data do not exist; NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration; R = revised.

a Includes all U.S. government agencies not separately displayed. See for agency list.

b Includes liquefied petroleum gas and Navy special fuel oil.


U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, Comprehensive Annual Energy Data and Sustainability Performance, available at as of Sep. 19, 2023.