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U.S. Tonne-Kilometers of Freight

(BTS Special Tabulation) (Millions)

Dataset Excel: 
Notes: 

Based on the Freight Analysis Framework (FAF) BTS developed a more comprehensive and reliable estimates of ton-miles for the Air, Truck, Rail, Water, and Pipeline modes than are presented in table 1-49. These improved estimates are not comparable to data in table 1-49.

1 ton mile = 1.459972 tonne-kilometers.

Description: 

KEY: R = revised.

Source: 

Total:

Summation of individual modes.

Air:

1980-2004: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Statistics - Green Book, (Washington, DC, December issues), p. 3, line 3.

2005-17: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, TranStats Database, T1: U.S. Air Carrier Traffic and Capacity Summary by Service Class, available at  https://www.transtats.bts.gov/Fields.asp as of May 17, 2019.

Rail:

1980-2004: Estimates come from the Association of American Railroads using ton mile values from the Surface Transportation Board’s Waybill Sample.  The Waybill Sample represents all major U.S. railroads, including all Class I railroads and several short-line railroads.

2005-17: Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC:  Annual Issues), p. 30 and similar pages in previous editions.

Truck:

1980-96: 1997 Truck value, adjusted using U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), Table VM-1, Vehicle Miles Traveled, Total Rural and Urban, for Single-Unit 2 Axle 6-Tire or more and Combination Trucks.

1997-2011: Difference between total of all modes, and sum of other modes.

2012-17: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction1.aspx as of May 17, 2019.

Pipeline:

1980-96: Association of Petroleum Pipelines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 1, available at http://www.aopl.org/publications/?fa=reports as of Oct. 22, 2013.

2012-17: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Freight Analysis Framework, available at http://faf.ornl.gov/fafweb/Extraction1.aspx, as of May 17, 2019.

Water:

1980-99: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual Issues).

2000-16: Ibid., Waterborne Commerce of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual Issues), part 5, tables 1-4, available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of Jul. 18, 2018.

2017: Ibid., The U.S. Waterway System, 2017 Transportation Facts & Information, p 3, available at http://www.navigationdatacenter.us/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of May 17, 2019.

Table
1-50M