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Water Transport Profile

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YearFINANCIAL - Operating revenues ($ millions)(1)Domestic freight, totalCoastal/Great lakesInland waterwaysInternational freight(a)Passenger, totalDomestic passenger, intercityInternational passenger(a)Revenues of U.S. commercial fishing fleet-domestic landings ($ millions)(2)INVENTORY - Number of domestic inland vessel operators(b, 3)Number of employees(4)Ships, boat building, and repairing(c)Water transportation(d)Number of employees(d,e), total(5)Passenger / comboCargoTankersMileage of commercially navigable channels(1)Number of vessels(6)Total nonself-propelledDry cargo barges and scowsTankersRailroad car floatsTotal self-propelledDry cargo / passengerFerries, railroad carTankersTowboats / tugsU.S. merchant marine ships (over 1,000 gross tons)Total U. S. flag(7)Passenger / cargoFreighters(f)Privately ownedGovernment ownedNumber of recreational boats (thousands)(h,8)PERFORMANCE - Ton-miles (thousands)(g, 9)Domestic water freight, totalCoastwiseInternalLakewiseIntraportTons of freight hauled (thousands) (9)Domestic, totalCoastwiseInternalLakewiseIntraportIntraterritoryExports, totalGreat Lakes portsCoastal portsImports, totalGreat Lakes portsCoastal portsAverage haul, domestic system (miles)(h, 9)CoastwiseInternalLakewiseCargo capacity (short tons)(6)Total nonself-propelled vesselsDry cargo barges TankersTotal self-propelled vesselsDry cargo / passengerTankersFuel consumption (thousand barrels), total(1)Diesel fuel and distillateResidual fuel oilGasolineSAFETYFatalities in waterborne transport (vessel casualties only), total(i,10)Freight shipTank shipPassenger vesselTug / towboatOffshore supplyFishing vesselRecreational vesselMODU (j)PlatformFreight bargeTank bargeMiscellaneousInjuries in waterborne transport, total(i,10)Freight shipTank shipPassenger vesselTug / towboatOffshore supplyFishing vesselRecreational vesselMODU(j)PlatformFreight bargeTank bargeMiscellaneousFatalities in recreational boating (vessel casualties only), total(8)Air thrustPropellerInboardOutboardInboard / outboardJetSailManual (oars, paddle)OtherPropulsion unknown
1960UUUUU U U 354228141,200N49,2818,56028,66812,05325,00016,77714,0252,4293236,5191,796314894,2032,9263092,1381,0081,9182,500NNNNN760,573209,197291,057155,109104,1931,017127,96123,150104,810211,31612,851198,4661,49628252216,355,65712,147,0064,208,65115,905,88112,188,9563,716,925122,01418,73094,0849,200NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN739NNNNNNNNNN
1970UUUUU U U 613380171,800212,30035,0002,17822,25710,56726,00019,37715,8903,2812066,4471,761174214,2481,5791711,076UU7,400596,195,000359,784,000155,816,00079,416,0001,179,000950,727238,440472,123157,05981,4751,630241,62935,932205,698339,34026,406312,9341,50933050624,026,02417,695,2756,330,74919,284,05010,815,9778,468,073123,59119,50389,85014,238178304122N77NNNNN4410514191010N13NNNNNN1,418NN11977428N4420529219
1980UUUUU U U 2,237403220,500211,20019,2186189,8788,72226,00031,66227,4264,166707,1262,036673304,693864654715782868,578921,835,800631,149,200227,343,00061,747,1001,596,4001,077,483329,609534,979115,12494,1843,588403,88345,077358,806517,52115,515502,0061,91540553644,875,11634,486,85110,388,26523,906,3468,011,58715,894,753273,38035,201213,13125,04820684514N60NNNNN56180891027N28NNNNN981,360NN10060947104327214265
1990(R) 23,674(R) 7,383(R) 4,149(R) 12,142(R) 3,702(R) 434(R) 3,2683,522565187,700176,60012,1326427,0194,47126,00031,01727,0913,913138,2362,6781352135,2106361036740822810,996833,543,800479,133,600292,393,30060,929,9001,087,0001,122,299298,637622,595110,15986,3784,529441,58632,898408,688599,97017,558582,4121,604470553(R) 49,066,02038,189,49010,757,29519,829,0117,147,05412,681,957232,03652,310148,76430,962850531324730100111751013511993121393312865NN50454532520182576
1994U U U U U U U 3,809555158,200172,40011,3246426,0564,62626,00030,72326,7233,966348,3342,7851751955,1795431330835418911,430814,919,200457,600,700297,762,40058,263,4001,292,7001,099,011277,029618,409114,77782,8705,926396,24627,108369,138719,49723,028696,4691,65248250849,708,96038,643,51811,065,44216,867,4587,118,1939,749,265210,65048,260141,54420,846770341148130U2051806104319255170U4321748NN3634149581314012135
1995(R) 25,162(R) 6,781(R) 4,312(R) 14,069(R) 3,988(R) 437(R) 3,5513,770557159,600174,50010,3036425,4004,26126,00031,36027,3423,985338,2812,8041721785,1275091329531919011,735807,727,700440,345,100306,329,10059,703,8001,349,6001,093,035266,612620,324116,12783,1046,868474,70032,968441,732672,65718,897653,7601,652494514(R) 51,254,25939,971,44311,169,08715,783,3996,484,7079,298,692225,47047,098153,12525,247520041223220U0001521847191041200U0518294475NNN6841488122
1996(R) 23,980(R) 6,313(R) 4,178(R) 13,489(R) 4,231(R) 440(R) 3,7913,487554158,800174,1009,2503214,9643,96526,00032,81128,7434,036328,2932,7821731615,1774951529230219311,878764,686,500408,086,100296,790,60058,335,3001,474,5001,100,679267,389622,081114,87089,0117,327450,79431,855418,940732,59224,503708,0901,52647750854,086,97342,748,64411,338,32914,850,2536,208,0118,642,242213,72151,848138,21423,65955108123730U003229711421673690U0297091363NNN6181098159
1997(R) 23,761(R) 5,531(R) 4,139(R) 14,091(R) 4,440(R) 442(R) 3,9983,448U158,300178,7008,9373214,8313,78526,00033,01129,0063,971348,4082,9051831475,1734771428828519212,313707,409,900349,843,000294,023,00062,165,9001,378,1001,112,527263,146630,558122,73489,8166,273432,31333,209399,104788,30324,532763,7711,33046650754,974,96143,710,09311,264,86814,161,7396,685,7197,476,020187,72950,180114,04423,50548201302274U20711935362132563U50128216436NNN831515010121
1998(R) 24,766(R) 5,033(R) 4,151(R) 15,582(R) 5,237(R) 448(R) 4,7893,128U166,600181,3008,9563214,9243,71126,00033,50929,5263,952318,5232,9382131355,2374701228928118912,566672,795,300314,863,900294,896,40061,654,3001,380,7001,094,112249,633625,028122,15690,0777,217404,70836,876367,831840,68025,558815,1221,26147250555,999,95244,718,69111,281,26112,970,1676,371,4256,598,742183,85650,609110,48022,76767213063370U101413036391253590U102081511462NNN8251510104
1999(R) 26,667(R) 4,677(R) 4,289(R) 17,701(R) 6,230(R) 479(R) 5,7513,467U167,400185,5009,0363214,7573,95826,00033,38729,3833,973318,3792,9102291425,0984631128427718612,738655,861,500292,730,000304,724,10057,045,2001,362,2001,061,787228,802624,575113,88788,6505,873399,99640,233359,763860,77522,196838,5791,27948850156,468,06545,049,20911,418,85613,892,5746,928,6846,963,890208,60449,157133,30126,14651001450235000131362571131191121029734242150326357571140115
2000(R) 30,925(R) 4,560(R) 4,259(R) 22,106(R) 7,697(R) 520(R) 7,1773,549U167,900193,900UUUU26,00033,15229,1074,011348,2022,7802921354,99545411286UU12,782645,799,300283,871,600302,558,40057,879,1001,490,2001,069,798226,938628,445114,35294,5585,505415,04240,131374,911939,74923,917915,8321,25148150656,581,36444,814,69611,678,59313,458,5196,740,1536,718,366233,22753,843152,61626,76845000022810001041314350105242601206701443948328497014137037
2001(R) 29,575(R) 4,361(R) 4,151(R) 21,063(R) 8,270(R) 551(R) 7,7193,228U161,100192,400UUUU26,00033,04228,8884,122328,5462,6975791205,15044313283UU12,876621,686,200274,558,800294,860,90050,853,5001,413,0001,042,472223,606619,784100,00293,2225,858399,01140,519358,491951,81521,391929,7941,22847650957,341,22645,281,49211,957,59812,770,8896,544,8076,226,082UUUU3110340912100101852310918131515300256812326342453245191440145
2002(R) 28,643(R) 4,235(R) 4,130(R) 20,278(R) 8,652(R) 571(R) 8,0813,092U146,810145,370UUUUU32,38128,2814,068328,6212,7385951085,18042612276UU12,854612,080,500263,688,200293,410,30053,652,9001,329,0001,021,001216,396608,038101,46690,0045,097384,35038,066346,284934,94121,548929,7941,21948352956,721,81644,688,15711,925,86312,093,8126,452,7155,641,097UUUU6130680151400002187705717041140000975015066037247753107058
2003(R) 34,191(R) 4,390(R) 3,918(R) 25,883(R) 9,055(R) 624(R) 8,431(R) 3,348U145,350145,400UUUUU31,33527,2724,031328,6482,7656071045,172(R) 418(R) 15(R) 209UU12,795606,146,300278,918,700278,352,30047,539,4001,335,9001,016,136223,458609,59889,77686,9096,395373,32432,943340,3811,004,79123,336981,4551,24845753055,053,77643,094,91111,860,14411,804,8786,570,2815,234,597UUUU543029001412U020255123140125291119U021470364214032047667113090
2004(R) 40,612(R) 4,483(R) 3,999(R) 32,130(R) 9,438(R) 632(R) 8,8063,756U149,160145,340UUUUU31,29627,1974,069308,9942,9486291035,31441218205UU12,781621,170279,857284,09655,7331,4841,047,088220,557626,598103,53391,2675,484415,78636,090379,6971,089,06526,0861,062,9791,26945453855,527,69643,282,38712,158,25412,546,7967,293,5005,253,396UUUU48839101671U100228778127537373U437676443339322436511130033
2005UUUUUUU3,942U153,170154,980UUUUU32,05227,8764,151258,9762,9676191005,290UUUUU12,942591,277263,464274,36751,9241,5211,028,910213,668623,98096,22690,1664,871401,82737,291364,5361,096,88524,1141,072,7711,23344054057,035,74844,777,15112,172,54212,342,5846,614,9735,727,512UUUU452061001690U101140123582012982U0136973355242596172211341111
2006UUUUUUU3,993U152,650160,160UUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU12,746UUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUUU481036019121U2021771926322633132U006710343839301697411135148
Description: 

KEY:  N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Revenues paid by American travelers to U.S. and foreign flag carriers.

b Does not include vessel operators whose primary area of operation is fishing, towing, passenger transport, ferrying, or crew boat utility service.

c Data for 2002 is based on new NAICS classifications and therefore comparisons between 2002 data and data for prior years may be misleading. Prior to 2002 water transportation was calculated based on SIC classifications and included commercial port, marina, and other employees; excluding employees of not-for-hire private businesses. Data for water transportation in 2002 includes NAICS categories 483100, 483200, 488300. Data for ships, boat building, and repairing is based on the NAICS category 336600.

d Estimate based on established active jobs for licensed and unlicensed personnel aboard oceangoing ships of 1,000 gross-tons and over, privately owned and operated, government-owned ships under bare boat charters, ship managers and General Agency Agreement, supplemented by Military Sealift Command employment totals for ships with Civil Service crews.

e Data is current as of January 1 of the following year with the exception of 1999 data, which is current as of Apr. 1, 1999.  Due to a change in the source's periodicity, the data for 1999 is not comparable to the data from years prior to 1999.

f Freighters data include bulk carriers prior to calendar year 1983.

g The U.S. Coast Guard changed its methodology for counting the number of recreational boats.  Figures cited represent number of numbered boats, not estimates as previously noted for 1960 and 1970.

h Does not include intraterritorial traffic (traffic between ports in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, which are considered a single unit).

i 1992-2002 data come from the Marine Safety Management Information System.  Data for prior years may not be directly comparable.  Beginning in 2000, numbers may not add to totals because data is now recorded in a new information system known as MISLE, which does not associate every fatality and injury with a specific vessel.  

j Mobile Offshore Drilling Units.

Source: 

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

1  Eno Transportation Foundation Inc., Transportation in America, 2007 (Washington, DC: 2007), pp. 32, 33, and 34.

2  U.S. Department of Commerce, National Marine Fisheries Services,  Fisheries of the United States (Silver Spring, MD: Annual issues), p. 4 and similar pages in earlier editions.

3  U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, MAR-450, personal communication.

4  1960-1990: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-1994 (Washington, DC: September 1994) and 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: August 1996), SICs 373 and 44.  1994-2006: Ibid., available at http://www.bls.gov as of November 2007. 

5  U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, U.S. Merchant Marine Data Sheet (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

6  1960-1998:  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Summary of U.S. Flag Passenger & Cargo Vessels (New Orleans, LA:  Annual issues).  1999-2005:  Ibid., Waterborne Transportation Lines of the United States (New Orleans, LA: Annual issues) part 1, section 1, table 1 and 2.

7  U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Merchant Fleets of the World (Washington, DC: Annual issues), and unpublished revisions.

8  U.S. Coast Guard, Boating Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

9  U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of the United States (New Orleans, LA:  Annual issues), part 5, section 1, tables 2, 3, and 4.

10 1970-A321990: U.S. Coast Guard, Office of Investigations and Analysis, G-MAO-2, personal communication.  1994-2006: Ibid., Data Administration Division (G-MRI-1), personal communication, Feb. 13, 2002, July 2, 2003 and August 29, 2007. 

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