Airline Traffic Data

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February 2017 U.S. Airline Traffic Data

Release Number: 
BTS 25-17
Date: 
Thursday, May 11, 2017

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The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) reported today that U.S. airlines’ systemwide (domestic and international) scheduled service load factor – a measure of the use of airline capacity – fell to 82.6 percent in February, seasonally adjusted, falling for the third consecutive month (Table 1).

Load Factor (Seasonally Adjusted)
View Table Data
"Load Factor on All U.S. Scheduled Airlines (Domestic & International),
February 2012 - February 2017"
Load Factor (Seasonally Adjusted)
Feb-1282.2
Mar-1282.8
Apr-1283.0
May-1282.5
Jun-1282.7
Jul-1282.4
Aug-1282.9
Sep-1282.7
Oct-1284.2
Nov-1283.1
Dec-1283.1
Jan-1383.5
Feb-1383.5
Mar-1383.1
Apr-1383.1
May-1382.9
Jun-1383.4
Jul-1382.9
Aug-1382.7
Sep-1382.8
Oct-1382.6
Nov-1383.7
Dec-1383.1
Jan-1484.3
Feb-1483.8
Mar-1483.8
Apr-1483.9
May-1484.0
Jun-1483.1
Jul-1483.1
Aug-1483.3
Sep-1483.1
Oct-1482.6
Nov-1482.7
Dec-1482.8
Jan-1582.9
Feb-1583.9
Mar-1584.1
Apr-1582.9
May-1583.3
Jun-1583.6
Jul-1583.9
Aug-1584.2
Sep-1583.9
Oct-1584.6
Nov-1583.6
Dec-1583.9
Jan-1683.7
Feb-1683.4
Mar-1682.8
Apr-1683.5
May-1683.6
Jun-1683.8
Jul-1683.4
Aug-1682.6
Sep-1683.6
Oct-1683.5
Nov-1684.1
Dec-1683.4
Jan-1783.2
Feb-1782.6

The seasonally-adjusted load factor fell from January (83.2 percent) to February (82.6 percent) because passenger travel declined more (0.7 percent decline in RPMs) than system capacity (0.1 percent decline in ASMs) (Tables 4, 7).

Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares the system use, measured in Revenue Passenger-Miles (RPMs) as a proportion of system capacity, measured in Available Seat-Miles (ASMs).

Trends:

Seasonally-adjusted

Systemwide load factor (82.6 percent) was down 2.0 points from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (84.6 percent) reached in October 2015 (Table 1). Domestic load factor (83.6 percent) was down 2.2 points from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (85.8 percent) reached in October 2015 (Table 2). International load factor (80.3 percent) was down 3.0 points from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (83.3 percent) reached in March 2013 (Table 3).      

Systemwide RPMs (78.2 billion) were down 0.7 percent from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (78.8 billion) reached in January 2017 (Table 4). Domestic RPMs (55.4 billion) were down 0.9 percent from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (55.9 billion) reached in January 2017 (Table 5). International RPMs (22.8 billion) were down 1.1 percent from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (23.0 billion) reached in June 2016 (Table 6).

Systemwide ASMs (94.7 billion) were down 0.1 percent from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (94.7 billion) reached in January 2017 (Table 7). Domestic ASMs (66.3 billion) were down 0.1 percent from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (66.4 billion) reached in January 2017 (Table 8). International ASMs (28.4 billion) reached a new seasonally-adjusted all-time high, up slightly from June 2016 (Table 9).

Systemwide passenger enplanements (69.3 million) were down 0.2 percent from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (69.4 million) reached in November 2016 (Table 10). Domestic passenger enplanements (60.6 million) were down 0.4 percent from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (60.8 million) reached in November 2016 (Table 11). International passenger enplanements (8.7 million) were down 0.6 percent from the all-time seasonally-adjusted high (8.8 million) reached in January 2017 (Table 12).

Seasonally adjusted trends are for the time period January 2000 to present. Additional data, including domestic and international numbers, can be found on the seasonally-adjusted data  page.

Unadjusted

Systemwide load factor (79.0 percent) was down 1.2 points from the all-time February high (80.2 percent) reached in 2015 (Table 13). Domestic load factor (80.9 percent) was down 1.5 points from the all-time February high (82.4) percent reached in 2015 (Table 14). International load factor (74.3 percent) was down 1.4 points from the all-time February high (75.6 percent) reached in 2013 (Table 15).          

Systemwide RPMs (64.2 billion) were down 0.5 percent from the all-time February high (64.6 billion) reached in 2016 (Table 16). Domestic RPMs (46.5 billion) reached an all-time February high, up slightly from the previous high reached in 2016 (Table 17). International RPMs (17.8 billion) were down 1.8 percent from the all-time February high (18.1 billion) reached in 2016 (Table 18).

Systemwide ASMs (81.4 billion) were down 0.7 percent from the all-time February high (81.9 billion) reached in 2016 (Table 19). Domestic ASMs (57.4 billion) were down 0.1 percent from the all-time February high (57.5 billion) reached in 2016 (Table 20). International ASMs (23.9 billion) were down 2.2 percent from the all-time February high (24.5 billion) reached in 2016 (Table 21).

Systemwide passenger enplanements (58.3 million) were down 0.3 percent from the all-time February high (58.5 million) reached in 2016 (Table 22). Domestic passenger enplanements (51.0 million) were down 0.1 percent from the all-time February high (51.1 million) reached in 2016 (Table 23). International passenger enplanements (7.3 million) were down 1.2 percent from the all-time February high (7.4 million) reached in 2016 (Table 24).

Note: Since 2016 was a leap year, February 2016 was extended to 29 days, allowing an additional flying day.

Unadjusted trends are for the time period January 1996 to present. Data are available at Customize Table and can be downloaded from the seasonally-adjusted data  page.

Explanation of seasonal adjustment

When the primary purpose is to examine monthly shifts in transportation services output and analyze short-term trends, the variation introduced by normal seasonal changes must be removed from the data. Transportation is highly seasonal, and without adjustment, the data do not give an accurate picture of underlying changes in aviation, passenger travel.

Seasonal adjustment of the data removes the seasonal events that follow a regular seasonal pattern. Changes that are not due to seasonality, such as a change in air travel resulting from economic conditions become more readily apparent.

The aviation data are seasonally adjusted for the effects of trading day, moving holidays, and data outliers.

See Seasonal Adjustment for methodology and additional explanation.

Reporting Notes

Data are compiled from monthly reports filed with BTS by commercial U.S. air carriers detailing operations, passenger traffic and freight traffic. This release includes data received by BTS from 83 carriers as of May 2 for U.S. carrier scheduled civilian operations.

Go to http://www.transtats.bts.gov/releaseinfo.asp for the complete list of reporting and non-reporting carriers. U.S. carriers’ foreign point-to-point flights are included in system and international totals. To create a customized table for passengers, flights, RPMs, ASMs and other data, including non-scheduled service, go to http://apps.bts.gov/xml/air_traffic/src/index.xml#CustomizeTable

For additional scheduled service numbers for U.S. airlines, U.S. and foreign airlines, by airline and by airport, see Passengers, Flights, Revenue Passenger-Miles, Available Seat-Miles and Load Factor.

Traffic numbers are available on the BTS website at TranStats, the Intermodal Transportation Database, at http://transtats.bts.gov.  Click on “Aviation.”  For systemwide passengers, RPMs and ASMs by carrier through February, click on “Air Carrier Summary Data (Form 41 and 298C Summary Data),” and then click on “Schedule T-1.” Use crosstabs to find scheduled service.

For domestic numbers through February and international numbers through November by origin as well as by carrier, click on “Aviation,” then click on “Air Carrier Statistics (Form 41 Traffic).”  Click on “T-100 Market” for system passenger numbers, “T-100 Domestic Market” for domestic or “T-100 International Market” for international.  For flights, stage length and trip length, use the appropriate T-100 Segment database. Use crosstabs to find scheduled service.

International totals in this press release consist of all U.S. carrier operations to and from the U.S. and from one foreign point to another foreign point. TranStats T-100 systemwide and international totals do not include U.S. carriers’ foreign point-to-point flights. For February, U.S. carriers reported 55,807 foreign point-to-point passengers. For January through February, U.S. carriers reported 116,297 foreign point-to-point passengers.

Data are subject to revision. BTS has scheduled June 15 for the release of March traffic data. None of the data are from samples so measures of statistical significance do not apply.

Seasonally-Adjusted Tables

Load Factor on U.S. Airlines, Seasonally-Adjusted (Tables 1-3)

Systemwide (Domestic + International) RPMs/ASMs (both seasonally-adjusted) in percent, Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January84.382.983.783.2
February83.883.983.482.6
March83.884.182.8
April83.982.983.5
May84.083.383.6
June83.183.683.8
July83.183.983.4
August83.384.282.6
September83.183.983.6
October82.684.683.5
November82.783.684.1
December82.883.983.4
Notes: 

Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares Revenue Passenger-Miles (RPMs) as a proportion of Available Seat-Miles (ASMs).

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Domestic RPMs/ASMs (both seasonally-adjusted) in percent, Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January85.283.984.984.3
February84.985.084.583.6
March85.285.583.8
April84.684.484.8
May84.984.485.2
June84.484.885.0
July84.685.084.3
August84.485.383.5
September84.185.284.9
October83.685.885.0
November83.984.785.0
December83.985.584.5
Notes: 

Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares Revenue Passenger-Miles (RPMs) as a proportion of Available Seat-Miles (ASMs).

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

International RPMs/ASMs (both seasonally-adjusted) in percent, Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January82.380.780.880.6
February81.581.580.880.3
March80.681.180.4
April82.379.680.5
May82.280.879.9
June80.680.981.2
July79.881.581.3
August80.981.880.3
September80.980.880.6
October80.581.980.2
November80.081.381.8
December80.580.480.9
Notes: 

Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares Revenue Passenger-Miles (RPMs) as a proportion of Available Seat-Miles (ASMs).

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Revenue Passenger-Miles on U.S. Airlines, Seasonally-Adjusted (Tables 4-6)

Systemwide (Domestic + International) RPMs (seasonally-adjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January71.073.076.278.8
February71.373.476.678.2
March72.374.576.5
April71.874.177.2
May72.074.777.8
June71.774.978.4
July71.775.878.0
August71.876.377.3
September72.075.978.3
October72.076.878.2
November72.376.278.5
December73.076.878.6
Notes: 

Revenue passenger-miles are a measure of the volume of air passenger transportation. A revenue passenger-mile is equal to one paying passenger carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Domestic RPMs (seasonally-adjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January48.850.653.655.9
February49.151.054.055.4
March50.152.053.9
April49.351.854.5
May49.452.155.2
June49.352.355.4
July49.752.955.0
August49.653.254.6
September49.853.255.5
October49.953.955.5
November50.153.555.8
December50.654.155.7
Notes: 

Revenue passenger-miles are a measure of the volume of air passenger transportation. A revenue passenger-mile is equal to one paying passenger carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

International RPMs (seasonally-adjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January22.222.422.622.8
February22.222.422.622.8
March22.222.522.6
April22.522.322.7
May22.622.622.6
June22.422.623.0
July22.122.923.0
August22.323.022.7
September22.222.822.8
October22.122.922.7
November22.222.722.7
December22.422.622.9
Notes: 

Revenue passenger-miles are a measure of the volume of air passenger transportation. A revenue passenger-mile is equal to one paying passenger carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Available Seat-Miles on U.S. Airlines, Seasonally-Adjusted (Tables 7-9)

Systemwide (Domestic + International) ASMs (seasonally-adjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January84.288.191.194.7
February85.187.591.994.7
March86.388.692.4
April85.689.492.5
May85.689.793.1
June86.289.693.5
July86.390.493.6
August86.290.693.7
September86.690.593.7
October87.190.893.6
November87.591.193.3
December88.191.594.2
Notes: 

Available seat-miles are a measure of the capacity of air passenger transportation. An available seat-mile is equal to one aircraft seat carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

View Table Data
2014201520162017
January57.260.363.166.4
February57.959.963.966.3
March58.760.864.3
April58.361.464.3
May58.261.864.7
June58.461.765.1
July58.762.265.3
August58.762.465.4
September59.262.465.4
October59.762.965.3
November59.763.265.6
December60.463.365.9
Notes: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Source: 

Available seat-miles are a measure of the capacity of air passenger transportation. An available seat-mile is equal to one aircraft seat carried one mile.

International ASMs (seasonally-adjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January27.027.828.028.4
February27.227.528.028.4
March27.627.828.1
April27.328.028.2
May27.527.928.3
June27.827.928.4
July27.628.128.3
August27.528.228.3
September27.428.228.3
October27.527.928.3
November27.827.927.7
December27.828.228.3
Notes: 

 Available seat-miles are a measure of the capacity of air passenger transportation. An available seat-mile is equal to one aircraft seat carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Passenger Enplanements on U.S. Airlines, Seasonally-Adjusted (Tables 10-12)

Systemwide (Domestic + International) passenger enplanements (seasonally-adjusted) in millions (000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January62.8164.7567.5169.38
February63.0864.9467.5669.32
March63.9765.6467.08
April63.5265.7667.96
May63.5466.0368.95
June63.4166.2169.04
July63.7066.9868.49
August63.5567.4568.01
September63.7567.2969.28
October63.5867.9069.22
November64.0667.4669.43
December64.1467.9868.67
Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

Domestic passenger enplanements on U.S. airlines (seasonally-adjusted) in millions (000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January54.4956.3658.9260.59
February54.7756.5458.9660.59
March55.6157.2458.47
April55.1057.3759.33
May55.1457.5960.32
June55.0457.7160.29
July55.3758.3959.78
August55.2258.7859.37
September55.4758.6760.65
October55.3959.3160.58
November55.7458.8660.83
December55.7959.3559.95
Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

International passenger enplanements (seasonally-adjusted) in millions (000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January8.328.398.598.79
February8.318.408.608.73
March8.368.408.61
April8.428.408.62
May8.408.458.63
June8.378.498.75
July8.338.598.72
August8.338.688.64
September8.298.638.63
October8.198.608.63
November8.328.618.60
December8.358.638.71
Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

Unadjusted Tables

Load Factor on U.S. Airlines, Unadjusted (Tables 13-15)

Systemwide (Domestic + International) RPMs/ASMs (both unadjusted) in percent, Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January80.379.180.279.4
February79.880.278.879.0
March83.583.983.6
April83.482.582.0
May85.084.183.8
June86.486.486.6
July86.787.486.8
August86.586.484.6
September81.983.083.3
October82.885.083.8
November79.882.483.1
December82.682.982.8
2 Mo. Value80.179.679.579.2
Yr. Value83.483.883.4
Notes: 

Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares Revenue Passenger-Miles (RPMs) as a proportion of Available Seat-Miles (ASMs).

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Domestic RPMs/ASMs (both unadjusted) in percent, Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January80.779.280.679.5
February82.182.480.880.9
March85.585.885.3
April84.984.984.1
May86.385.685.9
June87.487.487.6
July87.888.187.2
August86.986.684.7
September82.183.884.2
October84.186.485.4
November81.484.284.7
December83.584.083.4
2 Mo. Value81.480.780.780.2
Yr. Value84.585.084.6
Notes: 

 Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares Revenue Passenger-Miles (RPMs) as a proportion of Available Seat-Miles (ASMs).

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

International RPMs/ASMs (both unadjusted) in percent, Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January79.678.879.579.2
February75.075.373.974.3
March79.279.579.4
April80.177.177.3
May82.380.879.3
June84.484.484.5
July84.485.886.0
August85.586.084.3
September81.681.481.1
October79.881.680.1
November76.278.178.9
December80.880.381.2
2 Mo. Value77.477.276.876.9
Yr. Value81.081.080.7
Notes: 

Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares Revenue Passenger-Miles (RPMs) as a proportion of Available Seat-Miles (ASMs).

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Revenue Passenger-Miles on U.S. Airlines, Unadjusted (Tables 16-18)

Systemwide (Domestic + International) RPMs (unadjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January64.166.069.371.4
February57.959.864.664.2
March73.675.878.7
April70.773.175.1
May75.278.080.8
June79.582.786.5
July83.788.390.6
August81.285.286.1
September68.472.575.3
October71.376.177.3
November65.270.072.2
December71.874.877.0
2 Mo. Total122.0125.8133.8135.7
Yr. Total862.5902.2933.5
Notes: 

Revenue passenger-miles are a measure of the volume of air passenger transportation. A revenue passenger-mile is equal to one paying passenger carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Domestic RPMs (unadjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January43.645.148.150.1
February40.542.346.546.5
March51.953.956.7
April49.351.953.6
May51.554.357.1
June54.057.060.3
July56.960.462.4
August54.657.859.3
September46.349.952.7
October50.154.155.3
November46.450.953.3
December50.353.154.8
2 Mo. Total84.187.494.596.6
Yr. Total595.3630.7660.0
Notes: 

Revenue passenger-miles are a measure of the volume of air passenger transportation. A revenue passenger-mile is equal to one paying passenger carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

International RPMs (unadjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January20.520.821.221.3
February17.317.518.117.8
March21.821.822.0
April21.521.221.5
May23.723.823.7
June25.525.726.2
July26.827.828.3
August26.627.426.9
September22.122.622.7
October21.222.022.0
November18.819.118.9
December21.521.722.2
2 Mo. Total37.938.439.339.1
Yr. Total267.2271.6273.5
Notes: 

Revenue passenger-miles are a measure of the volume of air passenger transportation. A revenue passenger-mile is equal to one paying passenger carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Available Seat-Miles on U.S. Airlines, Unadjusted (Tables 19-21)

Systemwide (Domestic + International) ASMs (unadjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January79.883.486.390.0
February72.574.581.981.4
March88.290.394.2
April84.888.691.6
May88.592.896.4
June92.095.799.9
July96.5101.0104.4
August94.098.6101.8
September83.587.390.4
October86.189.592.2
November81.784.986.9
December86.890.393.0
2 Mo. Total152.3157.9168.2171.4
Yr. Total1,034.41,076.91,119.0
Notes: 

Available seat-miles are a measure of the capacity of air passenger transportation. An available seat-mile is equal to one aircraft seat carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Domestic ASMs (unadjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January54.057.059.763.1
February49.451.357.557.4
March60.762.966.5
April58.061.163.8
May59.763.466.5
June61.865.268.8
July64.868.671.5
August62.966.770.0
September56.559.562.5
October59.662.664.8
November56.960.562.9
December60.363.265.7
2 Mo. Total103.4108.3117.2120.5
Yr. Total704.6742.0780.2
Notes: 

Available seat-miles are a measure of the capacity of air passenger transportation. An available seat-mile is equal to one aircraft seat carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

International ASMs (unadjusted) in billions (000,000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January25.826.426.726.9
February23.123.324.523.9
March27.527.527.7
April26.827.527.8
May28.829.429.8
June30.230.531.1
July31.732.432.9
August31.131.931.9
September27.027.827.9
October26.527.027.4
November24.724.524.0
December26.627.027.3
2 Mo. Total48.949.751.250.8
Yr. Total329.8335.2339.0
Notes: 

Available seat-miles are a measure of the capacity of air passenger transportation. An available seat-mile is equal to one aircraft seat carried one mile.

Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Segment

Passenger Enplanements on U.S. Airlines, Unadjusted (Tables 22-24)

Systemwide (Domestic + International) passenger enplanements (unadjusted) in millions (000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January55.8157.7860.8162.60
February52.4454.1658.4958.34
March66.4468.2070.56
April63.4965.9267.24
May66.5168.9371.51
June68.6071.2774.50
July71.8975.6376.88
August69.5372.8773.45
September59.9963.7466.47
October64.4968.7369.54
November59.7464.5966.59
December63.7866.4066.93
2 Mo. Total108.25111.94119.30120.94
Yr. Total762.71798.22822.97
Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

Domestic passenger enplanements (unadjusted) in millions (000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January47.9649.7352.4754.09
February45.5147.1751.1151.05
March57.7659.5661.59
April55.2557.7058.89
May57.8960.2562.75
June59.2661.8164.75
July61.7665.1366.13
August59.7662.7763.50
September52.5355.9958.62
October57.0860.8961.71
November52.5857.1559.27
December55.4957.8758.21
2 Mo. Total93.4796.90103.58105.14
Yr. Total662.83696.02719.00
Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

International passenger enplanements (unadjusted) in millions (000,000), Scheduled service only
View Table Data
2014201520162017
January7.858.068.338.51
February6.937.007.38
March8.688.648.96
April8.248.228.34
May8.628.678.76
June9.349.469.74
July10.1310.5010.75
August9.7710.099.95
September7.467.757.86
October7.417.847.83
November7.167.447.32
December8.298.538.71
1 Mo. Total7.858.068.338.51
Yr. Total99.88102.20103.93
Source: 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market