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Number 224 - Passenger Origin Destination Survey Operating and Ticketed Carrier Reporting New Fare Basis Codes and Record Layout

Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information
Number 224
Issue Date: 12/19/97
Effective Date: 1/1/98
Parts 241
Section: 19-7

This Accounting and Reporting Directives is a reminder to large certificated air carriers to (1) report the ticketed carrier (carrier of record on the coupon) and the operating carrier, when filing the Passenger Origin-Destination Survey (Survey), (2) use the new fare code designations, and (3) use the new record layout. These changes were made mandatory by a final rule published in the Federal Register on August 13, 1997 (62 FR 43276). On or about August 20, 1997, all participating air carriers were sent copies of the final rule, which becomes effective on January 1, 1998. The initial submission under the new regulations will be for the first quarter 1998, which is due at DOT by May 15, 1998.

Under code-share agreements, two or more carriers ally to provide service with each party receiving economic benefits. Since more than one carrier may be involved with the service over a given flight stage, we are requiring submitters of the Survey to identify both the ticketed carrier and the operating carrier for each flight stage. When there is only one carrier involved in a service (noncode-share flight), that carrier's code should be reported for both the ticketed and the operating carrier.

DOWNLINE CODE-SHARE REPORTING

The reporting carrier is required to identify ticketed and operating carriers for ALL segments in which it participates in a code-share agreement. Carriers are not required to identify code-share arrangements in which they are not involved. This relieves the reporting carrier from the potentially substantial burden of reporting third-party downline code-share arrangements. In such situations, the reporting carrier may not have the information necessary to comply with such a requirement. Therefore, in the case of third party code-share arrangements, the reporting carrier would report the code of the ticketed carrier as both the ticketed and operating carrier. Please refer to Attachment A for specific reporting examples of various code- share arrangements.

WHICH CARRIER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR REPORTING?

The first operating carrier, that is a participant in the Survey, is responsible for submitting the applicable Survey data. Since the operating carrier generally performs the passenger ticket lift at the gate, it should have the necessary information for Survey reporting.

HOW DO I REPORT A CODE-SHARE PARTNER THAT DOES NOT HAVE AN OFFICIAL AIRLINE CODE?

There are some instances where the operating carrier does not have its own carrier code. However, it is still necessary to identify both the operating and ticketed carriers. This is true even when the operating carrier is a wholly-owned subsidiary that holds its own operating authority. Attachment B is a list of carriers that do not have official two-character IATA codes. The Office of Airline Information (OAI) has assigned these carriers a two-digit numeric code for use in Survey reporting. Please inform Ms. Gloria Laury (202) 366-0923 of any code-share partners which do not have a two-digit or two-character IATA code and which are not listed in Attachment B. Carriers, which have been assigned a two-digit numeric code by OAI and subsequently acquire a two-character IATA code, should notify OAI of this fact and use the newly assigned IATA code in reporting. Each quarter, OAI will send to participating air carriers the normal Survey edit data and an updated listing of assigned two-digit numeric codes.

HONORED TICKETS

There are instances where a reporting carrier may honor the ticket of another carrier (noncode-share partner), and transport the passenger without re-issuing the ticket. In these cases, the reporting carrier should treat the ticket as if it had actually been re-issued and report it accordingly. If the reporting carrier reported the air carrier code on the actual ticket, it would appear that there is a code-share arrangement between the ticketed and operating carrier when, in fact, there is none.

SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

If a passenger's itinerary includes a surface transportation leg anywhere between the first and last flight legs, the operating and ticketed carriers for the surface transportation are recorded as "_ _" and "_ _" (dash dash and dash dash).

SURVEY RECORD LAYOUT

The Survey record layout has been modified to include the ticketed carrier. This will be less burdensome for carriers to implement than designing a new system or adding an ad hoc requirement to report the ticketed carrier. To accommodate the two positions needed for the ticketed carrier code, the following changes are made in the record layout (See Attachment C).

1) The two positions needed to record the ticketed carrier code will be obtained by using the space of the old one-position "Stopover" code, which is no longer reported, and by reducing the "Fare Basis" code to a one position alpha field.

2) The fare basis codes are recorded as follows:

Reporting CodeFare Category Description
FUnrestricted First Class
G (new)Restricted First Class
CUnrestricted Business Class
D (new)Restricted Business Class
YUnrestricted Coach/Economy Class
X (new)Restricted Coach/Economy Class

MAGNETIC TAPE INSTRUCTIONS

All tapes are to be written using the standard IBM Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code (EBCDIC). The recording density should be 6250 B.P.I. All tapes will contain Standard IBM volume header, and trailer records. External labels will contain the carrier code, name, the report date, file identification, and an address for returning the tape.

TRANSMITTTAL LETTER

The O&D Survey tape shall be accompanied by a transmittal letter which shows the number of records reported, the total number of passengers contained in the report, name of point of contact and phone number.

FLOPPY DISKETTE SUBMISSIONS

The final rule prescribes a 200 position format with standard lengths of fields for submission of personal computer (PC) generated Survey reports. The field descriptions and field lengths are identical to the fields prescribed for magnetic tape/cartridge submissions (see Attachment C). Submitters may separate fields by using commas or tabs (comma delimited ASCII or tab delimited ASCII format).

If you have any questions on the record layout, please call Charles Bradford in care of this office at (202) 366-4376.

Don Bright [(202) 366-43733 can answer other questions concerning the Survey.

This directive is issued under authority delegated in 14 CFR 385.19(b).

Timothy E. Carmody
Timothy E. Carmody
Director

ATTACHMENTS

Attachment A

Examples of How to Report Various Code-Share Arrangements

A. Single segment itineraries

1. U.S. participating carrier (BB) operates under a foreign carrier's code (FO).
O&D reporting - BB
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier - FO

2. Nonparticipating commuter (NP) operates under its wholly-owned parent's (participating carrier) (BB) code.
O&D reporting - none (No U.S. participating carrier operated a flight segment)
Operating carrier - NP
Ticketed carrier - BB

3. Foreign carrier (FO) operates under U.S. carrier code (BB).
O&D reporting - none (No U.S. participating carrier operated a flight segment)
Operating carrier - FO
Ticketed carrier - BB

4. A nonparticipating U.S. carrier (NP) operates under a U.S. participating carrier's (BB) code.
O&D reporting - none (No U.S. participating carrier operated a flight segment)
Operating carrier - NP
Ticketed carrier - BB

5. U.S. participating air carrier (AB) operates under U.S. participating carrier's (XY) code.
O&D reporting - AB.
Operating carrier - AB
Ticketed carrier - XY

B. Multi segment itineraries

1. Foreign carrier (FO) operates under U.S. carrier code (BB) then the passenger interlines with US carrier (BB).
O&D reporting - BB (operated the second segment)
First Segment
Operating carrier - FO
Ticketed carrier - BB
Second Segment
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier - BB

2. U.S. carrier (BB) operates under foreign carrier's code (FO) and the passenger interlines with the foreign carrier. O&D reporting - BB (operated first segment)
First Segment
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier - FO
Second Segment
Operating carrier - FO
Ticketed carrier - FO

3. Nonparticipating Union Express (NP) operates under Union's code (BB) and the passenger interlines with BB. Union is a participating carrier and owns Union Express.
O&D reporting - BB (operated second segment)
First Segment
Operating carrier - NP (wholly owned subsidiary must be identified)
Ticketed carrier - BB
Second Segment
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier - BB

4. U.S. participating carrier (BB) operates under U.S. participating air carrier (XY) code and the passenger interlines with XY.
O&D reporting - BB
First Segment
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier -XY
Second Segment
Operating Carrier - XY
Ticketed Carrier - XY

C. Multi segment itineraries with interlines

1. Foreign air carrier (FO) operates under U.S. participating carrier's code (BB) and then the passenger interlines with U.S. participating carrier XY.
O&D reporting - XY (However, this ticket probably would not be reported if XY did not realize it was the first participating carrier to operate)
First Segment 
Operating carrier - FO
Ticketed carrier - BB
Second Segment
Operating carrier - XY
Ticketed carrier - XY

2. Foreign carrier (FO) operates under U.S. participating carrier's code (BB), passenger interlines to a BB operated flight and then interlines with participating carrier XY.
O&D reporting - BB (operated second segment)
First Segment
Operating carrier - FO
Ticketed carrier - BB
Second Segment
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier - BB
Third Segment
Operating carrier - XY
Ticketed carrier - XY

3. U.S. carrier (BB) operates under foreign carrier's (FO) code, the passenger interlines to the foreign carrier then to another U.S. air carrier (XY).
O&D reporting - BB (BB operated first segment; there may be double reporting, if XY believed it was first operating US carrier)
First Segment
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier - FO
Second Segment
Operating carrier - FO
Ticketed carrier - FO
Third Segment
Operating carrier - XY
Ticketed carrier - XY

4. Nonparticipating U.S. air carrier (NP) operates under a U.S. participating air carrier's code (BB) and the passenger interlines with BB and then with XY.
O&D reporting - BB (BB operated second segment)
First Segment
Operating carrier - NP
Ticketed carrier - BB
Second Segment
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier - BB
Third Segment
Operating carrier - XY
Ticketed carrier - XY

5. Nonparticipating U.S. air carrier (NP) operates under a U.S. participating air carrier's code (BB) and the passenger interlines with U.S. participating carrier XY
O&D reporting - XY (However, this ticket probably would not be reported if XY did not realize it was the first participating carrier to operate)
First Segment
Operating carrier - NP
Ticketed carrier - BB
Second Segment
Operating carrier - XY
Ticketed carrier - XY

6. U.S. participating carrier (BB) operates the first segment; the passenger then interlines on a code-share between AB and XY
O&D reporting - BB (If BB did not know AB operated second segment it would report XY for both operating and ticketed carriers)
First Segment
Operating carrier - BB
Ticketed carrier - BB
Second Segment
Operating Carrier - AB
Ticketed Carrier - XY

7. United Airlines code-shares and interlines with Air Canada. Air Canada operates the second leg and Air Canada's subsidiary carrier (J3) operates the third leg of the passenger's itinerary. United Airlines is the ticketed carrier for all three legs.
O&D reporting - UA
First Segment
Operating carrier - UA
Ticketed carrier - UA
Second Segment
Operating carrier - AC
Ticketed carrier - UA
Third Segment
Operating carrier - J3
Ticketed carrier - UA

Attachment B

Identity of Carrier Codes

Reporting carriers are required to identify the actual carrier entity operating the aircraft in each coupon in the itinerary where they are a party to a code-share arrangement. Carriers should be aware of the fact that numerous air carriers operating under code-sharing arrangements do not have two-character carrier designations that are readily apparent from easily referenced sources. Reporting carriers are directed to establish the official two-character carrier designator from the IATA or contact the Office of Airline Information at (202) 366-0923 or (202) 366-0221.

DOT Assigned Numeric Carrier Codes (for O&D Reporting Purposes Only)

There are a limited number of air carriers operating with out an official IATA two-character carrier designator. The Office of Airline Information has identified as many of the air carriers within the United States and Canadian carriers with trans-border flights that are operating without IATA two-character carrier designators. For the purposes of reporting the operating carrier identity in the Origin and Destination Survey, the OAI has assigned carrier designators for carriers without IATA codes.

NOTE: Should a two-character IATA code be assigned to any of the carriers listed below, use the IATA code rather than the DOT assigned code, and please notify Ms. Gloria Laury on (202) 366-0923. Also, please notify Ms. Laury of any code-share operations with carriers that do not have IATA codes and that are not listed below.

Carrier NameDOT Assigned O&D code
Astral Aviation/Skyways11
Allegheny Airlines d/b/a USAirways Express12
Chautauqua Airlines d/b/a USAirways Express13
Commutair d/b/a USAirways Express14
Nantucket Airlines15
PSA d/b/a USAirways Express16
Piedmont Airlines d/b/a USAirways Express17
Canadian Regional Airlines (Includes operations by Ontario Express and Inter-Canadian Airlines, Ltd. under code-share agreement with Canadian Airlines Int'l)98

Attachment C

Origin Destination Survey Record Layout including Special Reporting Item

Field NumberData ItemLocation of Data
1.PASSENGER COUNT1-6
2.1ST AIRPORT CODE7-9
3.1ST OPERATING CARRIER10-11
4.1ST TICKETED CARRIER12-13
5.FARE BASIS CODE14
6.2ND AIRPORT CODE15-17
7.2ND OPERATING CARRIER18-19
8.2ND TICKETED CARRIER20-21
9.FARE BASIS CODE22
10.3RD AIRPORT CODE23-25
11.3RD OPERATING CARRIER26-27
12.3RD TICKETED CARRIER28-29
13.FARE BASIS CODE30
14.4TH AIRPORT CODE31-33
15.4TH OPERATING CARRIER34-35
16.4TH TICKETED CARRIER36-37
17.FARE BASIS CODE38
18.5TH AIRPORT CODE39-41
19.5TH OPERATING CARRIER42-43
20.5TH TICKETED CARRIER44-45
21.FARE BASIS CODE46
22.6TH AIRPORT CODE47-49
23.6TH OPERATING CARRIER50-51
24.6TH TICKETED CARRIER52-53
25.FARE BASIS CODE54
26.7TH AIRPORT CODE55-57
27.7TH OPERATING CARRIER58-59
28.7TH TICKETED CARRIER60-61
29.FARE BASIS CODE62
30.8TH AIRPORT CODE63-65
31.8TH OPERATING CARRIER66-67
32.8TH TICKETED CARRIER68-69
33.FARE BASIS CODE70
34.9TH AIRPORT CODE71-73
35.9TH OPERATING CARRIER74-75
36.9TH TICKETED CARRIER76-77
37.FARE BASIS CODE78
38.10TH AIRPORT CODE79-81
39.10TH OPERATING CARRIER82-83
40.10TH TICKETED CARRIER84-85
41.FARE BASIS CODE86
42.llTH AIRPORT CODE87-89
43.llTH OPERATING CARRIER90-91
44.llTH TICKETED CARRIER92-93
45.FARE BASIS CODE94
46.12TH AIRPORT CODE95-97
47.12TH OPERATING CARRIER98-99
48.12TH TICKETED CARRIER100-101
49.FARE BASIS CODE102
50.13TH AIRPORT CODE103-105
51.13TH OPERATING CARRIER106-107
52.13TH TICKETED CARRIER108-109
53.FARE BASIS CODE110
54.14TH AIRPORT CODE111-113
55.14TH OPERATING CARRIER114-115
56.14TH TICKETED CARRIER116-117
57.FARE BASIS CODE118
58.15TH AIRPORT CODE119-121
59.15TH OPERATING CARRIER122-123
60.15TH TICKETED CARRIER124-125
61.FARE BASIS CODE126
62.16TH AIRPORT CODE127-129
63.16TH OPERATING CARRIER130-131
64.16TH TICKETED CARRIER132-133
65.FARE BASIS CODE134
66.17TH AIRPORT CODE135-137
67.17TH OPERATING CARRIER138-139
68.17TH TICKETED CARRIER140-141
69.FARE BASIS CODE142
70.18TH AIRPORT CODE143-145
71.18TH OPERATING CARRIER146-147
72.18TH TICKETED CARRIER148-149
73.FARE BASIS CODE150
74.19TH AIRPORT CODE151-153
75.19TH OPERATING CARRIER154-155
76.19TH TICKETED CARRIER156-157
77.FARE BASIS CODE158
78.20TH AIRPORT CODE159-161
79.20TH OPERATING CARRIER162-163
80.20TH TICKETED CARRIER164-165
81.FARE BASIS CODE166
82.21ST AIRPORT CODE167-169
83.21ST OPERATING CARRIER170-171
84.21ST TICKETED CARRIER172-173
85.FARE BASIS CODE174
86.22ND AIRPORT CODE175-177
87.22ND OPERATING CARRIER178-179
88.22ND TICKETED CARRIER180-181
89.FARE BASIS CODE182
90.23RD AIRPORT CODE183-185
91.23RD OPERATING CARRIER186-187
92.23RD TICKETED CARRIER188-189
94.FARE BASIS CODE190
93.24TH AIRPORT CODE191-193
94.BLANK194-195
95.US VALUE OF TICKET IN $196-200