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Safety Belt and Motorcycle Helmet Use

Dataset Excel: 
Notes: 

Occupants of commercial and emergency vehicles are excluded. Passengers in cars and light trucks include right front only.

Description: 

KEY: U = data are not available

(a) Seat belt use is as of the Fall each year except in 1999 (December), 2001 (June), 2002 (June), 2003 (June), 2004 (June), 2005 (June).  Motorcycle helmet use is as of the Fall each year except in 1996 (January), 2002 (June), 2004 (June), and 2005 (June).

(b) Beginning in 2003, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) no longer computes an overall light truck belt use estimate.  Instead, belt use is computed separately for motorists in: (1) vans and sport utility vehicles, and (2) pickup trucks. Additionally, NHTSA no longer reports separate statistics for passengers and drivers, except at the overall level.

(c) Includes pickup trucks, vans, minivans, and sport utility vehicles.

(d) In 1994, Riders (Operators) and Passengers were counted as helmeted if wearing any type of helmet.  Since then, only those  Riders (Operators) and Passengers wearing safety helmets that met U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) standards were counted. Those safety helmets that do not meet DOT standards were treated as if the operator/rider were not wearing a helmet.

Source: 

Safety belt use:

1994-2002: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Safety Belt and Helmet Use in 2002 -- Overall Results, DOT HS 809 500 (Washington, DC: 2002), table 1, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/809500.PDF as of Jun. 24, 2009.

2003: Ibid., Safety Belt Use in 2003, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 809 646 (Washington, DC: 2003), available at http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/airbags/809646.pdf as of Jun. 24, 2009.

2004: Ibid., Safety Belt use in 2005–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 809 932 (Washington, DC: 2005), available at http://www.westernite.org/Sections/sbr/articles/Seatbelt-usage.pdf as of Jun. 24, 2009.

2005-06: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2006–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 810 677 (Washington, DC: 2006), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/810677.PDF as of Jun. 24, 2009.

2007: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2008–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 036 (Washington, DC: 2008), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811036.PDF as of Jun. 24, 2009.

2008: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2009–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 100 (Washington, DC: 2009), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811100.PDF as of Jul. 6, 2010.

2009: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2010–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 378 (Washington, DC: 2010), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811378.pdf as of Sept. 2010.

2010: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2011–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 544 (Washington, DC: 2011), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811544.pdf as of Dec. 2011.

2011: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2012–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 691(Washington, DC: 2012), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811691.pdf as of  Apr. 2013.

2012: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2013–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 811 875(Washington, DC: 2014), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811875.pdf as of  Jun. 2014.

2013: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2014–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 812 113(Washington, DC: 2015), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/812113.pdf as of  Jun. 2015.

2014: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2015–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 812 243(Washington, DC: 2016), available at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812243 as of  Feb. 2016.

2015: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2016–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 812 351(Washington, DC: 2016), available at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812351 as of  Jul. 2017.

2016-17: Ibid., Seat Belt Use in 2017–Overall Results, Traffic Safety Facts, Research Note DOT HS 812 465 (Washington, DC: 2017), available at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812465 as of  Mar. 5, 2018.

Motorcycle helmet use:

1994-98: U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Research Note, Observed Safety Belt Use in 1998 (Washington, DC: September 1999), table 3, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/RNotes/1999/98obbelt.html as of Jan. 2003.

2000, 2002: Ibid., Safety Belt and Helmet Use in 2002 -- Overall Results, DOT HS 809 500 (Washington, DC: 2002), table 6, available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/Rpts/2002/809-500.pdf as of Jan. 2003.

2004: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2005 -- Overall Results, DOT HS 809 937 (Washington, DC: 2005), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/RNotes/2005/809-937/images/... as of Oct. 16, 2006.

2005-06: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2006 -- Overall Results, DOT HS 810 678 (Washington, DC: 2006), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pdf/nrd-30/NCSA/RNotes/2005/809-937/images/... as of Jun. 8, 2007.

2007: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2008–Overall Results, DOT HS 811 044 (Washington, DC: 2008), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811044.PDF as of Jun. 24, 2009.

2008: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2009–Overall Results, DOT HS 811 254 (Washington, DC: 2008), available at www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811254.PDF as of Jul. 6, 2010.

2009: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2010–Overall Results, DOT HS 811 419 (Washington, DC: 2010), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811419.pdf as of Dec. 2011.

2010: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2011–Overall Results, DOT HS 811 610 (Washington, DC: 2012), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811610.pdf as of Apr. 2013.

2011: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2012–Overall Results, DOT HS 811 759 (Washington, DC: 2013), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/811759.pdf as of May 2013.

2012: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2013–Overall Results, DOT HS 812 010 (Washington, DC: 2014), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/812010.pdf as of Jun. 2014.

2013: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2014–Overall Results, DOT HS 812 110 (Washington, DC: 2015), available at http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/Pubs/812110.pdf as of Jun. 2015.

2014: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2015–Overall Results, DOT HS 812 275 (Washington, DC: 2016), available at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812275 as of Feb. 2016.

2015: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2016–Overall Results, DOT HS 812 378 (Washington, DC: 2017), available at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812378 as of Jul. 2017.

2016-17: Ibid., Motorcycle Helmet Use in 2017–Overall Results, DOT HS 812 378 (Washington, DC: 2018), available at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812512 as of May 8, 2018.