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Table 12. International Quarterly U.S. Scheduled Passenger Airlines Revenue, Expenses and Profits
Reports from 17 airlines in 4Q 2016, (millions of dollars)
|4Q 2015||4Q 2016||Change||2015-2016 % Change||% of 4Q 2016 Revenue or Expense Total|
|Passenger Fares (scheduled/charter)||7,812.6||7,821.8||9.2||0.12||82.49|
|Total Operating Revenue***||10,500.8||9,481.8||-1,019.0||-9.70||100.00|
|Depreciation & Amortization||541.5||579.8||38.3||7.07||6.51|
|Total Operating Expense||9,236.1||8,912.5||-323.6||-3.50||100.00|
|Profits or Losses|
|Operating Margin# (%)||12.0||6.0||-6.0||N/A||N/A|
|Income Tax Benefit/(Expense)||-253.4||-237.2||16.2||-6.39||N/A|
|Net Margin### (%)||7.5||2.6||-4.9||N/A||N/A|
* Transport-Related is revenue/expenses from services which grow from and are incidental to the air transportation services performed by the air carrier. Examples are in-flight onboard sales (food, liquor, pillows, etc), code share revenues, revenues and expenses from associated businesses (aircraft maintenance, fuel sales, restaurants, vending machines, etc).
** Other revenue includes miscellaneous operating revenue (including pet transportation, sale of frequent flyer award miles to airline business partners and standby passenger fees) and public service revenues subsidy.
*** Based on U.S. Department of Transportation accounting standards, Total Operating Revenues are overstated by code share revenues which are included in both the mainline Transport-Related Revenues and the code share Passenger Revenue. Code share revenues are expensed out in the mainline Transport-Related Expense to allow a true Operating Profit(Loss). This reporting may understate all components of operating revenue, including Passenger Revenue, as a percentage of Total Operating Revenue.
**** Other expense includes purchase of materials such as passenger food and other materials; and purchase of services such as advertising, communication, insurance, outside flight equipment maintenance, traffic commissions and other services.
# Operating margin is the operating profit or loss as a percentage of operating revenue
## Nonoperating Income and Expense includes interest on long-term debt and capital leases, other interest expense, foreign exchange gains and losses, capital gains and losses and other income and expenses.
### Net margin is the net income or loss as a percentage of operating revenue.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Form 41; Schedules P1.2 and P6