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Total Operating Revenues

(Millions of current dollars)

Dataset Excel: 
Notes: 

Eno Transportation Foundation has revised their methodologies for calculating water transportation and oil pipeline data series starting in 1990.

Class I rail data for 2017 include the impact of tax reform.

Description: 

KEY:  N = data do not exist; U = data are not available; R = revised.

a Data from 1990 through 1997 include local trucking (4212), trucking, except local (4213), local trucking, without storage (4214), and courier services, except air (4215) based on SIC (Standard Industrial Classification). For 1998 and later, data includes truck transportation (484) and couriers and messengers (492) based on NAICS (North American Industry Classification System). Therefore, data from 1998 onward are not directly comparable with data prior to 1998.

b Excludes commuter rail, automated guideway, urban boat, demand responsive, and most rural and smaller systems prior to 1984. Includes operating assistance.

c Amtrak began operations in 1971.

d Includes foreign traffic moving on domestic inland waterways.

eOil pipeline revenues are much smaller than gas pipeline revenues because oil pipeline companies are common carriers that include transportation costs only.

f Data are not directly comparable from year to year due to acquisition and mergers. Prior to 1975, pipeline companies are not categorized by distribution, integrated, or combination. Total numbers for these companies are 1960 = 5,505; 1965 = 7,437; 1970 = 10,542. In 1997, the American Gas Association revised the database that identifies companies by type (distribution, integrated, or transmission). This reclassification of companies has resulted in numerous additions to the distribution company sample, in particular from the integrated company sample.

Source: 

Air carrier, domestic, all services:

1960-70: Civil Aeronautics Board, Handbook of Airline Statistics, 1973 (Washington, DC:  March 1974).

1975-80: Ibid.,  Air Carrier Financial Statistics (Washington, DC:  Annual Issues), p. 1.

1985-89: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, Air Carrier Financial Statistics (Washington, DC:  Annual December Issues).

1990-2017: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Office of Airline Information, TranStats Database, Air Carrier Financial Reports, Schedule P-1.1 and Schedule P-1.2, available at http://www.transtats.bts.gov as of Sept. 26, 2019.

Trucking:

1990-97: U.S. Department of Commerce, U.S. Census Bureau, Transportation Annual Survey, 1998 (Washington, DC: January 2000), table 1.

1998-2017: Ibid., Service Annual Survey (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2, available at http://www.census.gov/services/ as of May 1, 2019.

Interurban and rural bus:

1960-93: Interstate Commerce Commission, Annual Report of the Interstate Commerce Commission (Washington, DC: Annual Issues).

1994-96: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Selected Earnings Data, Class 1 Motor Carriers of Passengers (Washington, DC: Annual Issues).

1997-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Selected Earnings Data, Class 1 Motor Carriers of Passengers (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), available at http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/forms/reporting/prod.htm as of May 31, 2011.

2002: Ibid., personal communication, Oct. 6, 2004.

2013-17: U.S. Census Bureau, Service Annual Survey (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/sas.html as of May 1, 2019. NAICS code 4852.

Transit:

1960-95: American Public Transportation Association, Public Transportation Fact Book, 2007 (Washington, DC: 2007), table 50 and similar tables in earlier editions.

1996-2014: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database, (Washington, D.C.: Annual Reports), table 1 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/data.htm as of Nov. 7, 2016.

2015-16: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, National Transit Database, (Washington, D.C.: Annual Reports), Funding Sources, available at https://www.transit.dot.gov/ntd/ntd-data as of Aug. 29, 2018.

Class I rail:

Association of American Railroads, Railroad Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), p. 10 and similar tables in earlier editions.  

Intercity/Amtrak:

1975-80: National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), State and Local Affairs Department and Public Affairs Department, personal communication.

1985-2004: National Railroad Passenger Corporation (Amtrak), Amtrak Annual Report, Statistical Appendix (Washington, DC: Annual Issues).

2005-17: Ibid., Amtrak Annual Report (Washington, DC: Annual Issues) available at https://www.amtrak.com/reports-documents as of Nov. 29, 2018.

Water transportation:

1990-2004:  Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America (Washington, DC: 2007), p. 32.

2009-17: U.S. Census Bureau, Service Annual Survey (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/sas.html as of May 1, 2019. NAICS codes 483113, 483114, 483211, 483212.

Oil pipeline:

1990-2004:  Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation in America (Washington, DC: 2007), p. 32.

2005-17: PennWell Corporation, Oil and Gas Journal: Special Report - Pipeline Economics (Houston, TX), p 71 and similar tables in other editions.  

Gas pipeline:

American Gas Association, Gas Facts (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), tables 11-1, 11-2, 11-3, and 11-4, and similar tables in earlier editions.

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