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Transit Safety Data by Mode(a) for All Reported Accidents(b)

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YearFatalities, totalMotor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayInjured persons, total(d)Motor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayAccidents, total(d)Motor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayVehicle-miles (millions), totalMotor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayRates per 100 million vehicle-miles(e)Fatalities, all modesMotor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayInjured persons, all modes(d)Motor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayAccidents, all modes(d)Motor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responseVan poolAutomated guideway
1990212925516300120,02318,8764652968428616058,00255,2896991441751,6138112,4901,6682452918774818.55.520.89.633.60.00.0162.08041,1321,933564538620802,3293,3152,90627932,1771,052162
19912158011596320020,59419,01647430856020036046,46844,4676711882488147912,4781,6612752218871808.74.840.311.333.42.80.00.08311,1451,7355929728243001,8752,6782,456361321,147944204
1992173916334300021,65320,55646827311023313036,38034,2826006131816683512,5101,68828520188721316.95.421.26.322.90.00.00.08631,2181,654525932410301,4502,0312,12111896928278102
19931917914375920022,08120,86236136521022458130,55928,59644966220852411912,5351,69027518206771617.54.751.17.128.62.60.00.08711,2341,318711022923631041,2051,6921,639128101682744104
19942259010418220020,93919,66332730921639924129,97227,7545127442666593612,5811,70234522210941818.75.329.67.939.02.10.00.08111,15596859103425132851,1611,6311,51614212770219885
19951796910435610022,15920,87935534815939523025,68323,8193096372166475412,6201,702345372171091916.84.129.08.025.80.90.00.08461,2271,030657336112309801,40089711910059128987
1996152825323030022,95021,22268043121337925025,16623,4253413462017747812,6051,687375432031082515.84.913.35.914.82.80.00.08811,2581,8157910534910109661,389910649971431469
19971851003285220021,45220,1453203369949952124,92422,99536332519288616032,7021,719415582161343316.85.87.45.024.11.50.00.07941,1727856046372158709221,3388915889661485209
19981929014186720121,34120,1363322616649253123,93722,27732829319366417932,8331,779435662421574416.85.132.33.227.61.30.069.07531,1327674627313121698451,2527585280423408207
19991909113216410021,72720,2914272865463237023,31021,40730039621586213002,9271,835485782491674916.55.027.13.625.70.60.00.07421,10688950223797507961,16662469865162630
20001838222195640022,14020,3294154255386949024,26122,12735736425899715713,0021,868525952531795226.14.442.33.222.12.20.00.07381,08879871214859408081,1846876110255730162
20011978915266430021,26019,53230559810867938023,89121,79934432823797620703,0901,911536082572055426.44.728.54.324.91.50.00.06881,02258098423317007731,14165454924763800
20021096483070007,7717,211177905020043013,96812,821558183892833403,0841,919606212551725623.53.313.34.82.70.00.00.025237629314201177704536689252935165610
20031207313171610010,2718,9051922181028361807,7936,72055615289267903,0711,876646302561895513.93.920.42.76.20.50.00.033447530235404433302543588742435141160
2004111611415180307,8297,164245158511743707,8386,837490171932192803,1391,891636432792035813.53.222.12.36.50.05.20.02493793862518866402503627732733108480
200510649157287008,1027,187268862632801808,1526,9836251176824911003,0981,853676452711966523.42.622.31.110.33.60.00.0262388398139714328026337792818251271700
2006121761112147108,0627,186255941003734778,9707,738634131773563223,1261,849726492831967723.94.115.41.85.03.61.30.0258389357143519161389287418886202718242111
2007149761825228008,7197,775373102603832518,2887,2336231421281303113,1661,872806542891818724.74.122.53.87.64.40.00.0275415466162121129562623867782244723656
2008144631431333006,5765,805269621802402003,4522,92118974103158703,2281,907846712751919924.53.316.74.612.01.60.00.020430432096512520010715322511378370
2009155542750172416,5995,739293127483434903,5022,867154851262521713,2911,982499227272417114.72.754.954.66.30.32.371.020129059513918472901061453139346351071
2010139641740143106,8626,272288803613533183,4772,963155117131991113,2081,929508727268818114.33.334.345.85.10.40.60.0214325581921320181,3201081543131344814673
2011126692025111006,9626,3303148350177803,5322,992192110113119603,5951,7708265227471110423.53.924.43.84.00.10.00.0194358383131825809816923417411760
2012157682837185106,7116,037320110341921713,3792,795223148771251013,7801,79310364427874421354.23.827.25.76.50.70.50.017833731117122682089156217232817520
(P) 2013164791840169208,1086,924160110508144914,2903,383133128585672013,7841,7939864428774421354.34.418.46.25.61.20.90.021438616317171092320113189136202076920
(P) 2014160732732198018,4837,150227102619241904,6013,586197104786251013,8281,80810264329475422254.24.026.55.06.51.10.020.0222395223162112390120198193162783520
Notes: 

Data are provided only for transit systems that furnished safety data for inclusion in the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis annual reports.  Data covers only directly operated urban transit systems. Vehicle-miles for all transit systems including nonurban and purchased can be found in the Vehicle-miles table in chapter 1.

Prior to the 2000 edition, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report was entitled Safety Management Information Statistics (SAMIS) annual report.

Analysts for the FTA believe the change in reporting requirements in 2002 may have resulted in unreliable data in that year, particularly for Injuries and Accidents. The reliability of reporting is believed to be much better in 2003 and is expected to improve in the future.

Details may not add to totals due to rounding.

There were definition changes made in 2008 to simplify the injury thresholds for filing an incident report.  Previously, the injury threshold for filing an incident report was two or more injuries requiring immediate medical transportation away from the scene, or one or more injuries requiring immediate medical transportation away from the scene in the case of incidents at grade crossings or along rail right-of-ways. FTA simplified this threshold to being simply one or more injuries requiring immediate medical transportation away from the scene.  

Description: 

KEY: P = preliminary.

a Accident statistics for cable car, inclined plane, jitney, and ferry boat are not available.  The number of incidents, Fatalities, and Injuries for these modes appear in the footnotes for table 2-34.

b Accidents includes collisions with vehicles, objects,  people (except suicides), and derailments/vehicles going off road.

c Motor bus also includes trolley bus.

d In 2002 the drop in the number of Accidents and Injuries is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration, particularly the definition of Injuries. Only Injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any Injury was reportable.  Commuter rail data are now derived from the Federal Railroad Administration's Rail Accident Incident Reporting System (RAIRS).

e Rates are based on total incidents including Accidents and were calculated by dividing the number of Fatalities, Injuries, and Accidents in this table by the number of Vehicle-miles.

Source: 

1990-2014: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics, available at http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/Data/Samis.asp as of Sept. 15, 2009, and personal communications, Oct. 8, 2004, Apr. 22, 2005, Apr. 24, 2006,  June 14, 2007, June 18, 2008, Sept. 1, 2010, April 5, 2012, July 8, 2013, Jan. 8, 2015, and June 23, 2016.

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