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Transit Safety Data by Mode(a) for All Reported Incidents(b)

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YearFatalities, totalMotor bus©Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayInjured persons, total(f)Motor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayAll incidents, total(f)Motor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayUnlinked passenger trips (millions)(d), totalMotor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayRates per 100 million unlinked passenger trips (millions)(e)Fatalities, all modesMotor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayInjured persons, all modes(f)Motor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guidewayAll incidents, all modes(f)Motor bus(c)Light railHeavy railCommuter railDemand responsiveVan poolAutomated guideway
1990339110711710400154,55640,0061,24410,0362,43880721490,16370,4371,46512,1783,0312,9658437,6464,9121742,25228614264.42.24.05.236.40.00.017.07148157154468535,8351,037681,1791,4348425411,06021,4404,14751
199130088131039330052,12538,6191,2519,2852,30862240083,13963,4531,54314,1022,7161,2418317,3804,7801842,12327413244.11.87.14.933.922.60.00.07068086824378434,6781,72101,1261,3278416649919,3333,57028
1992273999917400055,08940,0901,26810,4462,54671319773,53152,1821,49215,5123,1601,1374087,3184,7281872,11926213353.72.14.84.328.30.00.00.07538486774939725,3935841271,0051,1047967321,2078,6001,229145
19932818315839820052,66838,87398210,5321,560652591064,98645,5801,13615,0822,111946121107,0594,5851871,96030315454.01.88.04.232.413.50.00.07468485245375164,4011,3981949219946067696986,3852,867194
1994320108138511220058,19342,1951,18111,6732,374731291070,69349,1851,41315,8693,1151,06239107,3354,5672742,14931817564.42.44.74.035.212.00.00.07939244325437474,3906381609641,0775167389806,378858160
19952748215799260057,19641,2971,31911,2382,37493525862,47142,7801,27614,3272,8471,17358107,1724,5392492,03432218563.81.86.03.928.633.90.00.07989105295537385,2865371238719435127058856,6321,245154
199626410167472110055,28839,7091,60411,0931,953882272059,39240,4561,35013,7482,4491,28480257,2114,4642592,15730217663.72.32.33.423.865.50.00.07678906205146465,2514613178249065226378107,6441,366396
19972751093777970056,13239,1811,08712,2852,3881,121541661,56140,5241,17315,1513,0781,454162197,6154,5542592,42931148863.62.41.23.225.414.60.00.07378604195067692,3367012728088904526249913,0302,104323
199828610923549440255,99041,0351,07611,0591,6771,064671260,09441,6161,12113,5162,4101,221194167,7744,7122732,39336022963.72.38.42.326.118.10.032.57208713944624664,8217731957738834115656705,5322,238260
199929910217849510055,32541,2211,2719,6651,7611,345412158,70341,0941,18212,1962,4991,577135208,1494,9262892,521374231053.72.15.93.325.44.30.00.06798374403834715,8464113897208344104846686,8541,353371
20002959030808780056,69740,9251,33810,8481,7831,736521559,89841,6771,31912,7822,0721,871160178,3374,9593162,632388241063.51.89.53.022.432.80.00.06808254234124597,1135242397188404174865337,6661,611271
20012679521598750053,94538,8401,20110,6411,8131,374403658,14940,3211,29912,4062,1591,719209368,5545,0653272,728390271083.11.96.42.222.318.60.00.06317673683904655,1174054646807963984555546,4022,116464
200228980137311661020,31312,3235394,8331,4831,070372825,82713,8831,0566,9191,7202,19531238,8365,3333372,688380781283.31.53.92.730.67.78.20.02302311601803911,3693023642922603142574532,808253299
2003259109154777110020,17512,5375564,1541,5971,283192922,49012,0069855,5341,7492,17112338,7385,2553382,667375821383.02.14.41.820.513.50.00.02312391651564251,5691413532572282922084662,65589401
20042638221608667120,79412,9256544,7591,3641,031461523,49012,5939396,2701,5982,03734198,7825,2003502,748377831593.01.66.02.222.87.247.110.72372491871733621,2423091602672422682284242,454229203
2005249751935105120319,69612,3856143,8141,6721,18029223,82812,7671,1295,7381,6632,40212369,0205,3333812,8083838717122.81.45.01.227.413.90.026.02182321611364371,363168172642392972044352,77471452
2006246108172385121021,43312,8526564,8201,4261,607551726,10914,2741,1306,2671,5752,81636119,2345,3744072,9273998820182.72.04.20.821.313.64.90.02322391611653571,820269942832662782143943,19017661
20073071053332124111123,35014,1268435,0151,5481,768391125,46813,6011,1816,9631,7321,92446219,8015,3754183,4604139123213.12.07.90.930.012.14.44.82382632021453741,943173532602532822014192,115204101
20082648116679370026,26014,2661,0067,2641,7001,979232224,93511,5551,0098,9021,7071,724122610,0685,5484513,5473849630123142247002612572232054432,072771892482082242514451,80540223
200929078341006674127,87015,4701,0547,5361,8081,896693725,89712,4969868,6971,9371,71625409,9325,4634643,4903731003210317318713102812832272164851,8922183532612292122495191,71379381
201031384249697101127,03714,9019177,5211,9281,642398924,66411,4668108,7242,1331,43714809,5635,1394563,4663699231103.31.65.32.826.310.93.210.02832902012175221,7851268902582231782525781,56245800
20113239236969720022,25011,3617666,6881,8111,5001011419,4928,3256967,9281,98742981199,1894,6524013,6363739620113.52.09.02.626.02.10.00.02422441911844861,563501,036212179174218533447401,082
20123739745102112142123,09911,8728887,2121,5751,455187920,061863785583301,72342311829,9905,1985103,74637810136213.71.98.82.729.613.95.64.82312281741934171,4415037620116616822245641931390
(P) 201336110333108104102125,49513,7377717,7081,5741,554628923,4731010283888282,274131326929,9925,1985103,74638010136213.62.06.52.927.49.95.64.82552641512064141,5391724242351941642365981,30072438
(P) 201431486399385100122,97313,5849175,2861,4331,669196520,780987692063272,1871391116810,0075,1314833,84538810236223.11.78.12.421.99.80.04.52302651901373691,636532952081921901655641,36431309
Notes: 

Data are provided only for transit systems that furnished safety data for inclusion in the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis annual reports. Data covers only directly operated urban transit systems. Vehicle-miles for all transit systems including nonurban and purchased can be found in the vehicle-miles table in chapter 1.

Prior to the 2000 edition, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report was entitled Safety Management Information Statistics (SAMIS) annual report.

Analysts for the FTA believe the change in reporting requirements in 2002 may have resulted in unreliable data in that year, particularly for Injuries and Incidents. The reliability of reporting is believed to be much better in 2003 and is expected to improve in the future.

Description: 

KEY: P = preliminary.

a The figures for cable car, inclined plane, jitney, and ferry boat are lumped together and appear in this footnote. Note that the 2003 data include 11 fatalities and 70 injuries that resulted from the Oct. 16, 2003 Staten Island Ferry incident.     

Other Modes 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Fatalities: 2 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 10 0 0 1 2 1 0 2
Injuries: 378 327 399 383 616 598 354 357 379 1,091 762 897 58 156 58 18 54 106 58 77 65
Incidents: 186 411 400 411 650 536 301 353 253 1,078 745 891 99 99 60 25 48 113 63 75 63

b Incidents include accidents (collisions with vehicles, objects, people (except suicides), derailments/vehicles going off road), plus personal casualties, fires, and property damage associated with transit agency revenue vehicles and all transit facilities.

c Motor bus also includes trolley bus.

d The number of Unlinked passenger trips is equivalent to the number of passengers who board public transit vehicles. Passengers are counted each time they board a vehicle regardless of how many vehicles are necessary for a passenger to get to their destination.

e Rates are based on total incidents including accidents and were calculated by dividing the number of fatalities, injuries, and incidents in this table by the number of unlinked passenger trips.

f In 2002 the drop in the number of Incidents and Injuries is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration, particularly the definition of Injuries. Only Injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable.  Previously, any Injury was reportable.

Source: 

All modes except for commuter rail:

1990-2001: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, 2004 Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report (Cambridge, MA: 2005).

2002-10: Ibid, National Transit Database, Safety and Security Time Series Data (Washington, DC: March 2010 Issue), available at http://www.ntdprogram.gov/ntdprogram/data.htm as of Sept. 14, 2011.

Commuter rail:

1990-2000: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, 2004 Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report (Cambridge, MA: 2005).

2001-14: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, personal communication, Jan. 8, 2015 and June 23, 2016.
 

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