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U.S. Consumption of Energy from Primary Sources by Sector

(quadrillion Btu)

Embedded Dataset Excel:

Dataset Excel:

table_04_02_072623.xlsx (32.16 KB)


The data for Residential, Commercial, and Industrial sectors include only fossil fuels consumed directly. Most renewable fuels are not included. The data for the Transportation sector includes only fossil and renewable fuels consumed directly. The data for Electric utilities includes all fuels (fossil, nuclear, geothermal, hydro, and other renewables) used by electric utilities. Due to a lack of consistent historical data, some renewable energy resources are not included in this table. The totals in table 4-4 are the best numbers for total U.S. energy consumption from all sources.  

Numbers may not add to totals due to rounding.


KEY:  Btu = British thermal unit; R = revised.


U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, Monthly Energy Review, tables 2.1, 3-8a - c, available at as of Jul. 20, 2023.