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U.S. Department of Transportation U.S. Department of Transportation Icon United States Department of Transportation United States Department of Transportation

June 2017 North American Freight Numbers

Thursday, August 24, 2017

Figure 1. U.S.-NAFTA Freight Value Percent Change from Previous Year (Last 24 months), June 2017

Figure 1. U.S.-NAFTA Freight Value Percent Change from Previous Year (Last 24 months)
06/2015 -3.8
07/2015 -8.0
08/2015 -8.1
09/2015 -8.8
10/2015 -10.7
11/2015 -8.4
12/2015 -9.5
01/2016 -7.7
02/2016 -2.0
03/2016 -5.8
04/2016 -3.2
05/2016 -3.1
06/2016 -6.4
07/2016 -10.0
08/2016 0.7
09/2016 -2.3
10/2016 -3.6
11/2016 3.3
12/2016 0.4
01/2017 6.7
02/2017 2.9
03/2017 10.9
04/2017 0.8
05/2017 9.4
06/2017 7.7
Source:

 Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, https://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Download Excel Tables

U.S.-NAFTA freight totaled $99.8 billion as all five major transportation modes carried more freight by value with North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) partners Canada and Mexico in June 2017 compared to June 2016, according to the TransBorder Freight Data released today by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) (Figure 2, Table 1).

The 7.7 percent rise from June 2016 is the eighth consecutive month in which the year-over-year value in current dollars of U.S.-NAFTA freight increased from the same month of the previous year (Figure 1).

Freight by Mode

The value of commodities moving by pipeline increased 26.3 percent, vessel by 14.5 percent, rail by 9.8 percent, truck by 4.4 percent, and air by 1.9 percent (Figure 2, Table 2).

Trucks carried 63.4 percent of U.S.-NAFTA freight and continued to be the most heavily utilized mode for moving goods to and from both U.S.-NAFTA partners. Trucks accounted for $32.2 billion of the $53.2 billion of imports (60.6 percent) and $31.0 billion of the $46.6 billion of exports (66.6 percent) (Table 2).

Rail remained the second largest mode by value, moving 15.5 percent of all U.S.-NAFTA freight, followed by vessel, 6.4 percent; pipeline, 5.3 percent; and air, 3.8 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 84.1 percent of the total value of U.S.-NAFTA freight flows (Table 2).

U.S.-Canada Freight

From June 2016 to June 2017, the value of U.S.-Canada freight flows increased by 6.0 percent to $51.1 billion as the value of freight on three major modes increased from a year earlier. The value of freight carried on pipeline increased by 30.5 percent, rail by 8.1 percent, and truck by 2.3 percent. Air decreased by 2.9 percent and vessel decreased by 10.3 percent (Figure 3, Table 3).

Trucks carried 58.3 percent of the value of the freight to and from Canada. Rail carried 16.1 percent followed by pipeline, 9.8 percent; air, 4.5 percent; and vessel, 3.4 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 84.1 percent of the value of total U.S.-Canada freight flows (Table 3).

U.S.-Mexico Freight

From June 2016 to June 2017, the value of U.S.-Mexico freight flows increased by 9.4 percent to $48.7 billion as the value of freight on four major modes increased from a year earlier. The value of commodities moved by vessel increased by 27.7 percent, rail by 11.9 percent, air by 10.4 percent, and truck by 6.3 percent. Pipeline decreased by 22.7 percent (Figure 4, Table 4).

Trucks carried 68.8 percent of the value of freight to and from Mexico. Rail carried 14.9 percent followed by vessel, 9.5 percent; air, 3.0 percent; and pipeline, 0.5 percent. The surface transportation modes of truck, rail and pipeline carried 84.1 percent of the value of total U.S.-Mexico freight flows (Table 4).

Commodities

In June 2017, the top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Canada was vehicles and parts, of which $5.7 billion, or 56.1 percent, moved by truck and $4.1 billion, or 40.9 percent, moved by rail (Figure 5). The top commodity category transported between the U.S. and Mexico in June 2017 was also vehicles and parts, of which $4.1 billion or 45.4 percent moved by truck and $4.0 billion or 43.7 percent moved by rail (Figure 6).

Figure 5. Top Commodity Transported between the U.S. and Canada for Each Mode of Transportation, June 2017

Mode Commodities Exports Imports Total
All Modes Vehicles and Parts 4.8 5.3 10.1
Truck Vehicles and Parts 2.9 2.8 5.7
Rail Vehicles and Parts 1.7 2.5 4.1
Pipeline Mineral Fuels 0.9 4.1 4.9
Vessel Mineral Fuels 0.4 0.9 1.3
Air Computers and Parts 0.3 0.1 0.4
Notes:

Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding.

Source:

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, https://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Figure 6. Top Commodity Transported between the U.S. and Mexico for Each Mode of Transportation, June 2017

Mode Commodities Exports Imports Total
All Modes Vehicles and Parts 1.9 7.2 9.1
Truck Electrical Machinery 3.3 4.9 8.2
Rail Vehicles and Parts 0.6 3.4 4.0
Pipeline Mineral Fuels 0.2 0.0 0.3
Vessel Mineral Fuels 1.5 1.1 2.6
Air Electrical Machinery 0.3 0.2 0.5
Notes:

 Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding.

Source:

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, https://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Reporting Notes

BTS press releases and the BTS website define surface transportation modes as truck, rail and pipeline. See North American TransBorder Freight Data on the BTS website for additional data for surface modes since 1995 and all modes since 2004. The category of all modes of transportation cited in the following tables includes freight movements by truck, rail, vessel, pipeline, air, other and unknown modes of transport. 

 Data in this press release are not seasonally adjusted and are not adjusted for inflation. Additional summary data adjusted for inflation and exchange rates can be found on the BTS website under TransBorder Indexed Freight Flow Data. The Bureau of Labor Statistics indexes used in the adjustments for inflation and exchange rates might be revised in each of the three months after original publication. For previous statistical releases and summary tables, see TransBorder Releases. See TransBorder Freight Data for data from previous months, and for additional state, port, and commodity data. BTS has scheduled the release of July TransBorder numbers for Sept. 26.

Table 1. Value of Monthly U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows, June 2017

Month 2015 2016 2017 Percent Change 2015-2016 Percent Change 2016-2017
January 89,258 82,430 87,960 -7.7 6.7
February 85,723 84,038 86,474 -2.0 2.9
March 96,070 90,462 100,289 -5.8 10.9
April 93,327 90,380 91,068 -3.2 0.8
May 92,707 89,840 98,246 -3.1 9.4
June 99,030 92,671 99,764 -6.4 7.7
July 92,995 83,725 -10.0
August 92,442 93,126 0.7
September 93,246 91,126 -2.3
October 96,624 93,165 -3.6
November 88,154 91,089 3.3
December 86,748 87,086 0.4
Year-to-date 556,115 529,820 563,801 -4.7 6.4
Annual 1,106,325 1,069,138 -3.4
Notes:

Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding.  Percent change based on numbers prior to rounding.

Source:

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, https://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 2. Value of Monthly U.S.-NAFTA Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation, June 2017

Mode June 2016 June 2017 Percent Change June 2016-2017
All Modes Imports 49,160 53,173 8.2
Exports 43,511 46,591 7.1
Total 92,671 99,764 7.7
All Surface Modes Imports 43,173 46,032 6.6
Exports 35,646 37,911 6.4
Total 78,819 83,942 6.5
Truck Imports 31,234 32,245 3.2
Exports 29,378 31,016 5.6
Total 60,612 63,262 4.4
Rail Imports 8,769 9,702 10.6
Exports 5,290 5,739 8.5
Total 14,059 15,441 9.8
Pipeline Imports 3,170 4,084 28.8
Exports 977 1,155 18.2
Total 4,147 5,239 26.3
Vessel Imports 2,720 3,438 26.4
Exports 2,813 2,899 3.1
Total 5,533 6,337 14.5
Air Imports 1,646 1,686 2.5
Exports 2,068 2,097 1.4
Total 3,714 3,784 1.9
Notes:

Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding.   Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.  The value of trade for all modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the “Data Fields” section of the TransBorder web page: http://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Source:

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, https://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 3. Value of Monthly U.S.-Canada Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation, June 2017

Mode June 2016 June 2017 Percent Change June 2016-2017
All Modes Imports 24,254 25,864 6.6
Exports 23,955 25,241 5.4
Total 48,208 51,105 6.0
All Surface Modes Imports 21,016 22,604 7.6
Exports 19,531 20,398 4.4
Total 40,547 43,002 6.1
Truck Imports 13,117 13,392 2.1
Exports 16,010 16,413 2.5
Total 29,128 29,804 2.3
Rail Imports 4,746 5,143 8.3
Exports 2,851 3,067 7.6
Total 7,597 8,210 8.1
Pipeline Imports 3,152 4,070 29.1
Exports 670 919 37.0
Total 3,823 4,988 30.5
Vessel Imports 1,164 1,218 4.6
Exports 752 500 -33.5
Total 1,916 1,718 -10.3
Air Imports 1,068 981 -8.2
Exports 1,314 1,332 1.4
Total 2,382 2,313 -2.9
Source:

Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, https://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/

Table 4. Value of Monthly U.S.-Mexico Freight Flows by Mode of Transportation, June 2017

Mode June 2016 June 2017 Percent Change June 2016-2017
All Modes Imports 24,907 27,309 9.6
Exports 19,556 21,351 9.2
Total 44,463 48,659 9.4
All Surface Modes Imports 22,157 23,428 5.7
Exports 16,114 17,512 8.7
Total 38,271 40,940 7.0
Truck Imports 18,116 18,854 4.1
Exports 13,368 14,604 9.2
Total 31,484 33,457 6.3
Rail Imports 4,022 4,560 13.4
Exports 2,440 2,672 9.5
Total 6,462 7,232 11.9
Pipeline Imports 18 15 -19.1
Exports 307 236 -22.9
Total 324 251 -22.7
Vessel Imports 1,556 2,220 42.7
Exports 2,061 2,399 16.4
Total 3,617 4,619 27.7
Air Imports 577 705 22.1
Exports 755 765 1.4
Total 1,332 1,470 10.4
Notes:

Numbers might not add to totals due to rounding.   Percent changes based on numbers prior to rounding.  The value of trade for all modes is not equal to the sum of truck, rail, pipeline, vessel and air modes, it also includes shipments made by mail, foreign trade zones, and other transportation.  For additional detail, please refer to the “Data Fields” section of the TransBorder web page: http://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/TBDR_DataFields.html.

Source:

 Bureau of Transportation Statistics, TransBorder Freight Data, https://transborder.bts.gov/programs/international/transborder/